Text/Guangzhou Daily all-media reporters Wei Lina, Fang Qing, Huang Qing
To legislate for the digital economy is to legislate for the future of Guangzhou's economy. The time has come and the momentum has come.
The first domestic city digital economy local regulations - "Guangzhou Digital Economy Promotion Regulations" (hereinafter referred to as "Regulations") will be implemented on June 1.
The "Regulations" depicts a panoramic blueprint for the development of Guangzhou's digital economy. It is an important achievement of Guangzhou's strengthening of legislation in emerging areas, and will provide a strong legal guarantee for Guangzhou to comprehensively build a digital economy-leading city.
On May 13, the Information Office of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Government held a press conference on the promulgation and implementation of the "Guangzhou Digital Economy Promotion Regulations" to authoritatively interpret the contents of the regulations and announce specific measures to ensure the implementation of the "Regulations".
Accelerate the realization of new vitality of old cities in the digital age
The "Guangzhou Digital Economy Promotion Regulations" is a key legislative project of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 2021. Since its launch, more than 50 legislative surveys have been organized, resulting in 36 special research reports and more than 1.7 million words of reference materials, which lasted more than a year.
"The development of digital economy legislation is an objective need for Guangzhou to seize the opportunity of a new round of global technological revolution and industrial transformation." Liao Ronghui, director of the Legislative Affairs Committee of the Standing Committee of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress, said, strengthening legislative exploration in emerging areas, in the form of local promotion-oriented legislation , to encourage, guide, tolerate, and prudently promote the development of the digital economy, which is of great significance to promoting the high-quality economic and social development of Guangzhou.
Zhang Zhengang, a doctoral supervisor at South China University of Technology and director of the Guangzhou Digital Innovation Research Center, said that the digital economy is driving profound changes in production methods, lifestyles and governance methods, and has become a key force in reorganizing global factor resources, reshaping the global economic structure, and changing the global competition pattern.
Data shows that in 2020, the GDP of 47 major countries in the world decreased by 2.8 percentage points year-on-year, while the digital economy increased by 3 percentage points year-on-year.
This drop by one liter reflects that the digital economy has become a new driving force for the development of the world economy.
Ma Yanxin, a researcher at the School of Law of South China Normal University and director of the Digital Government and Digital Economy and Rule of Law Research Center, said that the content of the "Regulations" is in line with the reality of Guangzhou, and proposes to promote the digital transformation of traditional advantageous manufacturing industries and carry out the digital promotion of traditional local brands and time-honored brands. Power to boost the development of the digital economy, and accelerate the realization of new vitality in old cities in the digital age."
Create a "tens of thousands" billion-level digital economy industrial clusters
Hu Zhigang, chief engineer of the Guangzhou Bureau of Industry and Information Technology, revealed that Guangzhou will speed up the formulation of the "Guangzhou Digital Economy Development Plan" and set up the Municipal Digital Economy Expert Advisory Committee to focus on cutting-edge technology, industrial upgrading, application empowerment, talent training and gathering, and cooperation and exchanges. And so on for the development of Guangzhou's digital economy and put forward more strategies to solve the problem.
Carry out digital economy evaluation, explore the comparative analysis of digital economy development in key cities such as the Yangtze River Delta, Bohai Rim, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and rationally build a digital economy development indicator system in Guangzhou.
In order to ensure the implementation of the "Regulations", Guangzhou will adhere to reform and innovation, optimize the supply of systems and policies, focus on the deep integration of digital technology and the real economy, empower the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, give birth to new industries, new formats and new models, and formulate and introduce more benefits as needed. Enterprise-benefiting policies have gradually formed a policy synergy to promote the development of the digital economy.
At the same time, a financial investment growth mechanism will be established to increase support for key technological breakthroughs in digital economy development, digital new infrastructure, digital transformation, and industrial cluster capacity enhancement; strengthen government procurement for the first purchase of digital technology innovative products, equipment, and services First use; improve the system of digital finance to accurately serve small, medium and micro enterprises; establish and publish the distribution map of the city's digital economy industries to guide the agglomeration and development of digital economy industries.
In order to expand the core industries of the digital economy, Guangzhou will adhere to the industry first, promote the chain length system at a high level, and promote the construction of collaborative innovation between "chain master" enterprises and upstream and downstream enterprises with flexible policies of "one chain, one policy" and "one enterprise, one case". Consortium and stable supporting consortium to create "tens of thousands" of billion-level industrial clusters such as software and Xinchuang, ultra-high-definition video, integrated circuits and semiconductors, artificial intelligence, blockchain, etc., and build a number of key industrial chain scenarios that can be replicated and promoted .
At present, Tianhe District is promoting the construction of Guangdong Branch of China Industrial Internet Research Institute and the Guangdong Branch of National Industrial Internet Big Data; Huangpu District is accelerating the deployment of manufacturing projects such as wafer manufacturing, packaging and testing, equipment and materials, and building a "chip design-wafer manufacturing" -Integration mode of packaging and testing-terminal application; Haizhu District vigorously promotes the gathering of high-end algorithm resources and builds Pazhou "Intelligent Computing Center"; Zengcheng District plays the role of "Design Simulation Industrial Software Adaptation and Verification Center" of the Fifth Electronics Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and builds industrial Software Eco-city.
Dismantling the items listed in the "Regulations" and "contracting to specific departments"
Hu Zhigang introduced that in order to do a good job in the implementation of the "Regulations", the Municipal Bureau of Industry and Information Technology established a leading group and a special work class to promote the adjustment of the leading group for accelerating the development of digitalization and digital economy in Guangzhou, adding a "Digital Economy Development Office" to coordinate solutions. Promoting major issues in the development of the digital economy.
At the same time, comprehensively sort out the various systems and mechanism construction arrangements involved in the "Regulations", and compile and form the "Guangzhou Digital Economy Promotion Regulations" Implementation Task Division Table.
Focusing on the responsibilities of 44 relevant municipal units and 11 district people's governments, scientific research institutions, and industry associations involved in the content of the "Regulations", screen key units that promote the development of the digital economy, and sort out their main responsibilities and requirements.
Guangzhou Municipal Bureau of Industry and Information Technology has comprehensively sorted out the first batch (2021-2023) of important systems and mechanisms involved in the "Regulations", the implementation of important systems and mechanisms, the agglomeration and development of key industries, and the construction of key platforms. There are a total of 74 projects, of which there are 48 important systems. Items (including 26 items to be issued in 2021), 9 items for key industrial agglomeration areas (parks), and 17 items for key platform construction. The "Guangzhou Digital Economy Promotion Regulations" List of Key Work (2021-2023) has been compiled.
The reporter found that each project was listed in the Articles of the "Regulations", which clarified the responsible unit, detailed the work situation, and stated the time limit for completion.
For example: the formulation of "Several Promotional Measures for the Construction of "Pazhou Counting Valley" in Haizhu District, Guangzhou" is located in Article 14 of the Regulations, and the responsible unit is the Haizhu District Government. Algorithm Industry Development Highland”, etc., and the completion time limit is December 2022.
Guangzhou opens more than 1,200 public datasets
Liang Wenqian, deputy director of the Municipal Affairs Service Data Administration, said that Guangzhou is speeding up the creation of an urban big data platform with unified logic and multi-point linkage, and an integrated data resource system.
In terms of data aggregation, more than 5,400 topics and more than 30 billion pieces of data have been collected, and the data connection rate, standardization rate, and freshness rate are all in the forefront of the province.
In terms of data sharing, Guangzhou has simplified the data application process of various departments and improved the data sharing and exchange capabilities. The average daily exchange of data exceeds 92 million.
In terms of data openness, Guangzhou has organized various districts and departments to open more than 1,200 public data sets based on the needs of the public, with a total of more than 150 million pieces of data.
As a pilot city for the provincial chief data officer system, the political and data department in Guangzhou has issued a pilot implementation plan and supporting rules, and has built a team of chief data officers covering 6 districts, 21 municipal departments and 6 public enterprises and institutions. Preliminary results have been achieved in talent training, data integration and application, and data circulation innovation.
"Next, the Guangzhou Political Department will take the "Regulations" as an opportunity to accelerate the cultivation of the data element market and help the high-quality development of the digital economy." Liang Wenqian said.
In terms of "good management" of data, the Municipal Bureau of Data, in accordance with the principle of "one number, one source", clarifies the responsible department for data collection, strengthens data quality control from the source, and further promotes the generation, storage, collection, circulation and application of data asset certificates. Life cycle management to accelerate the transformation of data from resources to assets.
On the "good use" of data, on the one hand, research and establish a "government version of natural person data space", and pilot application scenarios in the field of government services in some districts; on the other hand, explore the application of medical insurance data asset certificates, citizens can pay in outpatient clinics and inpatient deposits In other scenarios, the authorized data demand unit can call data such as the location and status of the insured person to improve the convenience of medical treatment.
In terms of data circulation transactions, we will deeply explore innovative applications of data fusion, and ensure reliable data transmission through methods such as “original data is not out of the domain” and “data is available and invisible”.
At the same time, actively cultivate the data element trading market and create a new ecological and new model of data trading with Guangzhou characteristics.
A number of achievements in Guangzhou appeared in the National "Thirteenth Five-Year" Science and Technology Achievement Exhibition
Ding Yu, director of the high-tech department of the Guangzhou Science and Technology Bureau, said that six companies in Guangzhou have been approved as a new generation of artificial intelligence open innovation platforms in Guangdong Province, accounting for half of the province.
In addition, the Artificial Intelligence and Digital Economy Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) has deployed a total of 19 research centers, and was successfully approved to become a supporting unit of the National Natural Science Foundation of China and a doctoral workstation in Guangdong Province.
In terms of tackling key core technologies in the field of digital economy, Guangzhou has implemented R&D plans in key areas, focusing on new-generation communications and networks, brain science and brain-inspired research, demonstration of artificial intelligence application scenarios, and intelligent networked vehicles. Appeared in the National "Thirteenth Five-Year" Science and Technology Innovation Achievement Exhibition.
In terms of cultivating leading enterprises in the field of digital economy, Guangzhou enterprises currently have strong strength in the market segments such as intelligent connected vehicles, language recognition, image recognition, robots, and drones, and are at the leading level in the country.
Guangzhou has issued the "Implementation Plan for Building a National New Generation Artificial Intelligence Innovation and Development Pilot Zone", implementing five major projects of "strengthening the foundation, tackling key problems, empowering, consolidating capital, and creating excellence", and comprehensively promotes cutting-edge technology research, application scenario construction, and leading enterprises. Cultivation, talent gathering, etc.
Construction of Guangzhou Public Computing Center
Guo Mingfu, director of the Guangzhou Pazhou Artificial Intelligence and Digital Economy Pilot Zone Management Committee, said that Haizhu District is focusing on promoting the development of the algorithm industry in Pazhou, and accelerating the construction of the "Pazhou Computational Valley" through the "Eight Ones" measures.
Among them, the Pazhou Algorithm Industry Alliance will be formed.
At present, the alliance has been established. Baidu, Alibaba Cloud, Vipshop, SenseTime, Jiadu Technology, Guangdong Inspur and other well-known companies in the field of algorithm have joined, which can link the seed projects, investment and financing, business scenarios, etc. of alliance members in the field of algorithm. resource.
It also includes the establishment of an algorithm industry center, the introduction of algorithm industry policies, and the identification of a number of algorithm industry bases.
"We will strengthen the investment layout for the development of the digital economy, and accelerate the deep integration of digital technology with the real economy." Huang Yuezhen, deputy secretary of the party committee, vice chairman and general manager of Guangzhou Radio Group Co., Ltd., said that as the main unit of artificial intelligence and software and Xinchuang industry chain , Guangzhou Radio Group has initially completed the core elements of artificial intelligence, blockchain, cloud computing, big data digital economy and a comprehensive layout in special and civilian scenarios.
Among them, in the field of artificial intelligence industry, help Guangzhou to build an artificial intelligence and digital economy pilot zone, do a good job in the main units of the two industrial chains of "artificial intelligence industry chain" and "software and innovation industry chain", and assist in the development of digital government and digital economy. Construction of digital infrastructure for digital society, undertaking and carrying out the construction of Guangzhou public computing power center, creating a "digital base" and "public technology innovation service platform" for Guangzhou's digital economy, leading and driving upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain to accelerate digital transformation and agglomeration development.
Interpretation of the highlights of the Regulations
Strengthen independent innovation of key digital core technologies, cultivate and develop core industries of digital economy
In order to strengthen, optimize and expand the digital economy and create a modern industrial system with international competitiveness, the Regulations stipulate: First, to promote key digital technology research and breakthroughs, and promote the construction of scientific and technological innovation platforms such as laboratories and new R&D institutions.
The second is to strengthen the construction of rules and standards systems, carry out theoretical research on the development of the digital economy, and promote the development of digital technology-related inspection, testing and certification institutions and standard testing and verification platforms.
The third is to improve the level of advanced industrial foundation and modernization of the industrial chain, and encourage and support the innovation and development of eight core industries of the digital economy, including artificial intelligence, semiconductors and integrated circuits.
Amplify the radiating and leading role of the digital economy and promote the construction of a modern economic system
In order to give full play to the driving role of the digital economy on traditional industries, the "Regulations" respectively stipulate the digitalization of the four traditional industries of industry, construction, service, and agriculture: First, clarify the path and requirements for the digital transformation of the four traditional industries.
Strengthen the construction of industrial Internet infrastructure, construction industry Internet service platforms, digital financial technology innovation platforms, smart agricultural cloud platforms, and agricultural big data platforms.
The second is to cultivate digital transformation service providers.
Drive the digital transformation of upstream and downstream SMEs in industrial clusters.
The third is to promote the healthy development of new digital models and new formats of service industries such as commerce, finance, logistics, education, medical care, and cultural and sports services.
Accelerate the construction of comprehensive digital infrastructure to open up the information "artery" of economic and social development
In order to promote the construction of digital infrastructure, the "Regulations" stipulate: First, improve the digital infrastructure system.
Build a collaborative, efficient, green and energy-saving computing power center system.
The second is to establish a cross-industry technical infrastructure multi-level integration system and mechanism.
Build basic platforms such as the underlying technology platform, and establish a general technical capability support system.
The third is to accelerate the digital transformation of urban public facilities such as transportation, energy, environmental protection, and underground municipalities.
Establish and improve the urban data resource system to accelerate the release of data elements reform dividends
In order to give full play to the role of data as a basic resource and an innovation engine, and to cultivate a data element market with efficient resource allocation, the Regulations stipulate: First, strengthen the overall management of public data.
Establish and improve the data governance system and mechanism of departmental coordination, urban linkage, and government-enterprise cooperation, build an urban big data platform, and implement unified catalog management of public data, classified and graded management.
The second is to promote the sharing and utilization of public data resources.
Establish a data sharing responsibility list, establish a public data open list and a dynamic adjustment mechanism.
The third is to promote the maximum open use of public data.
Build a data element resource circulation operation service system.
Promote the digital transformation of urban governance and improve the efficiency of modern governance
Promoting the digital transformation of cities is the key to promoting the modernization of urban governance.
The "Regulations" stipulate the digitalization of urban governance: First, strengthen the comprehensive capabilities of refined and efficient digital governance.
Clearly build a digital urban governance platform, promote the construction of a digital sign system for urban operation, establish and improve a basic information platform for land and space and a smart city spatiotemporal big data platform, build a new system of government services, and develop a new model of urban governance in the digital age.
Optimizing the environment for the development of the digital economy and accelerating the construction of a leading city in the global digital economy
The healthy and sustainable development of the digital economy is inseparable from the support of fiscal, financial, talent, intellectual property and other supporting policies.
The "Regulations" make the following provisions on the development environment: First, implement financial and land support measures.
The second is to strengthen the introduction and training of talents.
The third is to establish open and transparent market access and operating rules.