(Forge ahead in a new journey and make contributions to a new era, old areas and new appearances) The unique advantages of tea town Fu'an create a demonstration area of "Three Tea Integration"
China News Service, Ningde, May 3 (Zheng Zuhui, Lin Rongsheng) is located in Fu'an City, Ningde, northeastern Fujian, and enjoys the reputation of "Hometown of Tea in China" and "Capital of Black Tea in China".
This year, the city has adhered to the whole chain and closed-loop industry, planning to establish the country's first "Three Tea Integration" research institute, and create a "Three Tea Integration" demonstration area.
The relevant person in charge of the Fu'an Tea Industry Development Center said that, as one of the important tea-producing areas in China, Fu'an has unique advantages in the development of "three tea integration".
Data map: The "Pagoda Tea" that the bride's family entertains the man at the wedding ceremony of the She nationality in Fu'an.
Photo by Ding Lifan
Advantages of tea culture
Fu'an is surrounded by mountains and faces the sea. It has a mid-subtropical marine monsoon climate with a long frost-free period. The geographical latitude, temperature and humidity, annual rainfall, mountain topography, soil thickness and soil characteristics are all suitable. The climate is suitable for the growth of most tea varieties.
Data map: The scene of the Tanyang Gongfu Cup Tea Fighting Competition in Fu'an City.
Photo courtesy of Zheng Zuhui
As early as 1371, Fu'an unearthed the tea tree variety "Tanyangcai Tea" named after the village, and created the tea brand "Tanyang Gongfu" named after the village.
In 1915, "Tanyang Gongfu" won the gold medal at the Panama International Exposition, and became famous, and was designated as a special tea supply by the British royal family.
In 1988, the jasmine tea of Wangjia Tea Farm won the Golden Rooster Award of the Paris Scented Tea Competition; in 1990, Tanyang Gongfu black tea exported by Tanyang Tea Farm was listed as the highest foreign exchange earner in the agricultural reclamation system in Fujian Province.
The relevant person in charge of the Fu'an Tea Industry Development Center said that Fu'an has provided more or less valuable experience in research, planting, production and sales for the development of the tea industry all over the country and even in many countries. It can be said that Fu'an tea industry is the development of China's tea industry. A model of the "condensed version" and "comprehensive version" of history, the value of historical and cultural research should not be underestimated.
Data map: The colorful tea garden in the Provincial Tea Research Institute in Shekou Town, Fu'an City.
Photo by Chen Lizhen
Tea science and education advantages
The primary, secondary and tertiary industries of the tea industry are inseparable from science and education.
The Tea Research Institute of the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the Ningde Vocational and Technical School, which have been in Fu'an for nearly 90 years, have provided an element guarantee for the development of the "integration of three teas".
Basics of tea technology.
The Tea Research Institute of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences is the only provincial-level scientific research institution in Fujian Province. It has bred 21 tea varieties (including 15 national varieties), and has 4 variety rights. Oolong tea breeding ranks at the domestic advanced level; Fuyun No. 6, "Jin Guanyin" is currently the largest cross-bred green tea and oolong tea varieties in China.
Data map: National and provincial germplasm resource gardens in the Provincial Tea Research Institute located in Shekou Town, Fu'an City.
Photo courtesy of Zheng Zuhui
The relevant person in charge said that the achievements of oolong tea greening process and equipment, tea caterpillar NPV insecticide have been transformed and applied, which have had a profound impact on domestic tea processing, quality safety and quality improvement, and played a positive role in the leap-forward development of the tea industry. push.
In addition, the Institute has established the earliest and largest "Tea Tree Variety Resource Garden" in China, collecting and preserving more than 4,000 domestic and foreign tea tree germplasm resources and genetic materials; it has 15 national and provincial innovation platforms; relying on Fu'an and Shekou Town advantages, the first domestic "tea culture, tea industry, tea technology integration innovation park".
Tea education advantage.
The Tea College of Ningde Vocational and Technical College was formerly known as the Fujian Provincial Fu'an Agricultural Vocational School founded in 1934. It was the first professional school for tea industry in Fujian Province. Now it has a team of 5 professors, 4 associate professors, 8 lecturers, 12 master's faculty.
Data map: The national regional tea plant breeding base in Gantang Town, Fu'an City.
Photo by Xi Guosheng
Tea industry advantage
The profound tea culture and brand foundation, as well as the support of tea education and tea technology, have created Fuan's comprehensive strength to produce various types of tea products such as black tea, green tea, white tea, green tea, reprocessed scented tea, and craft scented tea.
At present, Fu'an City has an organic tea production demonstration base of more than 3,000 mu, a national standardization production base for green food (tea) raw materials of 122,000 mu, and has the country's leading national regional tea tree breeding base. The conversion rate is 98%.
The city has promoted the cultivation of more than 100,000 mu of excellent and new tea tree varieties, built nearly 80,000 mu of standardized ecological tea gardens, and promoted the green prevention and control area of about 80,000 mu.
Data map: Scenery of Fu'an tea garden.
Photo by Shi Jianping
There are more than 600 large and small tea processing enterprises in Fu'an City, 2 national-level tea industry professional demonstration societies, 9 provincial-level, 8 Ningde municipal-level, and 10 Fu'an municipal-level; 7 tea enterprises with self-operated export rights have obtained There are 1 international rainforest certified company, 8 ISO certified companies, and 141 companies with food production licenses.
According to statistics, Fu'an City has 2 Chinese well-known trademarks, 13 provincial famous trademarks, 14 Fujian famous brand products, and 22 well-known trademarks in Ningde City; there are more than 600 tea merchants, and Fuchun Tea City is the center of tea market transactions. amounted to more than 4 billion yuan.