The total value of imports and exports of goods trade in the first quarter increased by 10.7% year-on-year - the stable growth of foreign trade still has a solid foundation

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "China's door of opening up will not be closed, it will only open wider." "China will tap the growth potential of foreign trade and make positive contributions to promoting the growth of international trade and the development of the world economy. China will promote cross-border e-commerce. We will accelerate the development of new business forms and new models, and cultivate new momentum for foreign trade.”

  Since the beginning of this year, all regions and departments have faced a more severe and complex external environment, expanded high-level opening up, promoted the steady development of foreign trade and foreign investment, stabilized scale, improved quality, and promoted innovation, continued to release policy dividends, and continued to expand the space for foreign trade and economic cooperation.

  According to customs data, in the first quarter of this year, the total value of my country's import and export of goods trade was 9.42 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.7%.

Among them, exports were 5.23 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.4%; imports were 4.19 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.5%.

In the first quarter, my country's foreign trade import and export continued its growth momentum, maintaining positive year-on-year growth for seven consecutive quarters, achieving a "stable start".

Li Kuiwen, spokesman of the General Administration of Customs and director of the Department of Statistics and Analysis, said that this fully reflects the characteristics of my country's foreign trade with strong resilience and great potential, and there is still a solid foundation for the steady growth of foreign trade.

Relief policies to help enterprises continue to exert force, and foreign trade market players maintain development resilience

  On April 8, the export shipment workshop of Shandong Longkou Sanyuan Aluminum Material Co., Ltd. was busy. A batch of 18 tons of aluminum alloy pull ring materials was being loaded. After customs clearance procedures were completed, it will be sent to the Vietnamese market.

"We now enjoy a zero provisional export tax rate, and actively explore the European and Southeast Asian markets, and the export volume has steadily increased." said Du Wenbin, general manager of the company.

  In the first quarter, the export value of goods with tentative tax rates in Qingdao Customs increased significantly.

Among them, "aluminum alloy rectangular aluminum sheet and strip with a thickness of less than 0.28 mm" enjoys a zero provisional export tax rate, and the export value increases by 1.2 times year-on-year.

  Since the beginning of this year, various regions and departments have continued to exert their efforts to help enterprises with bailout policies, and foreign trade market players have maintained strong development resilience.

A series of policies and measures, such as tax reduction and fee reduction, strengthening financial support, continuously optimizing the business environment, and increasing energy and raw material supply and price stabilization, have continued to exert efforts, which have strongly supported the development of various market players.

In particular, cross-cycle adjustment was done well, and small, medium and micro foreign trade enterprises were supported to maintain orders and stabilize expectations. The effect of the policy continued to show, which further stimulated the vitality of foreign trade market players.

  According to customs data, in the first quarter, the number of foreign trade enterprises with import and export performance in my country was 432,000, a year-on-year increase of 5.7%, of which private enterprises imported and exported 4.52 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.1%, accounting for 48%, an increase of 1.4 percentage points year-on-year. .

In the same period, the import and export of foreign-invested enterprises was 3.38 trillion yuan, an increase of 5.8%; the import and export of state-owned enterprises was 1.5 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.5%.

  "As a new form of foreign trade, cross-border e-commerce has shown strong development vitality, and has played an important role in stabilizing the fundamentals of foreign trade and foreign investment and promoting the high-quality development of trade." Li Kuiwen introduced that in February this year, with 27 Inner Mongolia Erdos and other 27 Cities and regions have been approved to establish cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zones, and the number of cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zones in my country has reached 132.

In the first quarter, my country's cross-border e-commerce imports and exports amounted to 434.5 billion yuan, of which exports were 310.4 billion yuan and imports were 124.1 billion yuan.

Both imports and exports with major trading partners have grown, and trade with countries along the “Belt and Road” has become increasingly close

  Recently, an international train loaded with machinery and equipment, office supplies, chemical materials, and daily necessities departed from the Sino-Kazakhstan (Lianyungang) Logistics Cooperation Base, exited the country via the Horgos port, and headed for countries along the “Belt and Road”.

In the first quarter of this year, Jiangsu's imports and exports to countries along the "Belt and Road" reached 335.64 billion yuan, an increase of 17.5%, accounting for 26.1% of Jiangsu's total import and export value.

  On April 13, a China-Europe freight train Chang'an loaded with sports equipment, clothing and other goods slowly departed from Xi'an International Port.

"In the first quarter of this year, Chang'an had a total of 790 trips, and the number of trips, heavy container rate, freight volume and other indicators ranked at the forefront of the country." According to the person in charge of Xi'an Free Trade Port Construction and Operation Co., Ltd., the new line has increased logistics coverage, which will help the Related enterprises open up new international trade markets.

  "The world economy as a whole is still recovering, and the international market's demand for Chinese products is growing." Li Kuiwen said that in the first quarter, ASEAN became my country's largest trading partner.

  In the first quarter, both imports and exports between my country and its major trading partners achieved growth.

Among them, my country's imports and exports with ASEAN, the European Union, the United States, South Korea and Japan were 1.35 trillion, 1.31 trillion, 1.18 trillion, 574.18 billion and 571.03 billion yuan, up 8.4%, 10.2%, 9.9%, 12.3% and 1.8% respectively. %.

During the same period, my country’s imports and exports to countries along the “Belt and Road” and its regional comprehensive economic partnership (RCEP) trading partners increased by 16.7% and 6.9% respectively.

  Analyzing the main reasons for the growth of imports and exports between my country and ASEAN, Li Kuiwen said that RCEP has officially come into effect, and the new institutional dividend will further strengthen the economic and trade exchanges between China and ASEAN, and facilitate the economic and trade development between China and ASEAN.

  In addition, connectivity continues to provide growth in trade flows.

The new western land-sea passage has realized the close connection between the western part of my country and the ASEAN countries, and effectively guaranteed the smooth economic and trade exchanges between the two sides.

In the first quarter, 170,000 TEUs of containerized cargo were dispatched by rail-sea intermodal trains in the new western land-sea channel, a year-on-year increase of 56.5%.

  Data show that since the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative was put forward in 2013, my country's trade relations with countries along the "Belt and Road" have become increasingly close.

In the first quarter of this year, my country's imports and exports to countries along the "Belt and Road" reached 2.93 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 16.7%.

The import and export value between my country and the countries along the “Belt and Road” accounted for 31.1% of the total value of my country’s foreign trade import and export, and the proportion increased by 1.4 percentage points compared with 2021 and 6.1 percentage points higher than that in 2013.

Continue to optimize the business environment and promote the stability and quality of foreign trade

  On March 31, a batch of gold decorative jewelry from Imabashi Jewelry Co., Ltd., Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, was successfully exported to Japan through customs supervision in Hong Kong.

Due to the possession of the RCEP certificate of origin, this batch of goods can enjoy tariff reductions and exemptions after entering Japan. This is the 23rd batch of goods that the company has enjoyed since the implementation of RCEP.

  In the first quarter, the approved exporters recognized by Guangzhou Customs issued a total of 117 independent declarations of origin for export to RCEP countries, with a value of over 48.322 million yuan.

  Foreign trade has achieved a stable start, but it still faces many difficulties and pressures.

From the demand side, the global COVID-19 epidemic has fluctuated and fluctuated, the world economic recovery has been insufficient, and there is great uncertainty in the external demand market.

From the supply side, the supply of energy and raw materials is still tight.

To further improve the quality and efficiency of foreign trade, all parties need to cooperate closely and take multiple measures to continue to make efforts.

  The executive meeting of the State Council held on April 13 proposed to "continuously optimize the foreign trade business environment", "improve the efficiency of customs clearance for the return of exported goods", and "provide more convenience for trustworthy enterprises in customs clearance, tax rebates, etc.", and a series of measures to stabilize foreign trade have been accelerated. landing.

  "Although the complexity and uncertainty of the current domestic and foreign environment exceeds expectations, the fundamentals of my country's economic resilience and long-term improvement have not changed, and the development trend of stable and improved foreign trade has not changed." Li Kuiwen said, "We are facing difficulties and challenges squarely. At the same time, we must also firmly stabilize our confidence in the fundamentals of foreign trade."

  Looking forward to the whole year, relevant departments will continue to optimize the port business environment, continuously stimulate the vitality of foreign trade market players, and promote the stability and improvement of foreign trade.

  The relevant person in charge of the General Administration of Customs said that it will further deepen the construction of a "single window" for international trade, innovate "foreign trade + finance" and "foreign trade + logistics" services, and expand the pilot scope of the public information platform for aviation logistics.

Actively promote the implementation of RCEP rules of origin and tariff reductions.

Continue to actively promote the mutual recognition of "Authorized Economic Operators" (AEOs) with relevant countries and regions to facilitate trade.

  According to reports, the AEO system is advocated by the World Customs Organization, and the customs of various countries certify and recognize law-abiding and creditworthy enterprises.

The export goods of related enterprises can directly enjoy the customs clearance facilitation measures implemented by the local customs, thereby reducing trade costs.

Up to now, China Customs has signed AEO mutual recognition agreements with 22 economies including the European Union and Singapore, covering 48 countries (regions), and the number of countries (regions) in mutual recognition ranks first in the world.

  In addition, the General Administration of Customs will work with relevant departments to actively promote the upgrading and transformation of ports, promote the reform of logistics integration, and help open up supply chain bottlenecks.

Support the development of new foreign trade formats such as cross-border e-commerce and market procurement trade, support the standardization and quality improvement of export products, and promote relevant enterprises to optimize their structure, cultivate brands, and increase product added value and international competitiveness.

  Experts said that making full use of the two resources of the two markets, continuously expanding foreign economic and trade cooperation, promoting deep-level reforms with high-level opening up, and promoting high-quality development of foreign trade, are in order to build a new system with domestic circulation as the main body and domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other. make greater contributions to the development pattern.

  Our reporter Du Haitao

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