Zhongxin Finance, April 18th. On the 18th, at the press conference on the operation of the national economy in the first quarter held by the State Council Information Office, Fu Linghui, spokesman of the National Bureau of Statistics and director of the Department of Comprehensive Statistics of the National Economy, said that since the beginning of this year, The international situation has become more complex and severe, and the domestic epidemic is also characterized by multiple, widespread and frequent occurrences, which has a greater impact on economic operations.

  Faced with the complex situation, all regions and departments insisted on maintaining stability and seeking progress while focusing on stabilizing the macroeconomic market, effectively responding to risks and challenges, and the national economy continued to recover, with an overall stable start.

Mainly in the following aspects:

First, the main macro indicators remained within a reasonable range.

In terms of growth, the economy continued to expand. In the first quarter, the GDP increased by 4.8% year-on-year, 0.8 percentage points higher than that in the fourth quarter of the previous year, and a month-on-month increase of 1.3%.

  In terms of employment, despite the impact of the epidemic, the surveyed unemployment rate in urban areas across the country increased in March, but in general, the overall stable employment pattern has not changed.

In the first quarter, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate averaged 5.5%, basically the same as the same period of the previous year.

  In terms of prices, the supply of goods and services in the market was generally sufficient, and consumer prices rose moderately.

In the first quarter, consumer prices rose by 1.1% year-on-year.

  In terms of the balance of payments, the surplus in trade in goods expanded, the deficit in trade in services narrowed, foreign exchange reserves remained stable at around US$3.2 trillion, and the balance of payments remained stable.

Second, the overall stability of industrial and agricultural production.

Spring ploughing and preparation for ploughing were advanced in an orderly manner, and animal husbandry production grew steadily.

The agricultural situation remained stable. In the first quarter, the added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery increased by 6.1% year-on-year, the output of pigs, cattle, mutton and poultry increased by 8.8%, and the industrial production grew rapidly.

In the first quarter, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 6.5% year-on-year, of which the equipment manufacturing industry increased by 8.1%.

Third, the trend of innovation and development continued.

New industries continue to grow.

In the first quarter, the added value of high-tech manufacturing industry increased by 14.2% year-on-year, and the added value of information transmission, software and information technology services increased by 10.8%, all of which maintained rapid growth.

New models and new business formats continued to grow. In the first quarter, the online retail sales of physical goods increased by 8.8% year-on-year, continuing to grow on the basis of a high base, accounting for 23.2% of the total retail sales of consumer goods.

The fourth is the adjustment and optimization of the economic structure.

The proportion of the manufacturing industry continued to increase. In the first quarter, the added value of the manufacturing industry increased by 6.1% year-on-year, accounting for 28.9% of the GDP, an increase of 1.3 percentage points over the same period of the previous year.

The leading role of consumption is obvious.

In the first quarter, the contribution rate of growth in final consumption expenditure to economic growth was 69.4%, an increase of 18.7 percentage points over the same period of the previous year, higher than the contribution rate of gross capital formation.

The income ratio of urban and rural residents declined.

In the first quarter, the per capita disposable income ratio of urban and rural residents was 2.39, down 0.04 from the same period of the previous year.

Fifth, the green transformation is steadily advancing.

Green and low-carbon products grew rapidly.

In the first quarter, the output of new energy vehicles and solar cells increased by 140.8% and 24.3% respectively.

The proportion of clean energy consumption continued to increase.

In the first quarter, the proportion of clean energy consumption such as natural gas, water, nuclear, wind and photovoltaics increased by 0.8 percentage points over the same period of the previous year.

Energy consumption per unit of GDP continued to decline.

In the first quarter, energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of GDP decreased by 2.3% year-on-year.

Sixth, the improvement of people's livelihood continued to strengthen, and residents' income continued to grow.

In the first quarter, the per capita disposable income of national residents increased by 5.1% year-on-year in real terms. Among them, the per capita disposable income of rural residents increased by 6.3% in real terms, and the per capita disposable income of urban residents increased by 4.2% in real terms. The income growth of rural residents continued to be faster than that of urban residents.

The basic living consumption of residents is guaranteed.

In the first quarter, the added value of the consumer goods manufacturing industry increased by 8.1% year-on-year, maintaining a relatively rapid growth; the retail sales of grain, oil, food, and beverages by units above designated size increased by 9.3% and 11.8% respectively.

Investment in the people's livelihood sector continued to increase.

In the first quarter, investment in education and health increased by 17.2% and 23.8% respectively.

  Fu Linghui emphasized that the world situation has evolved complexly since March, the impact of the domestic epidemic has continued, and some unexpected factors have exceeded expectations.

The growth rate of some major indicators has slowed down, and the downward pressure on the economy has increased.

However, the fundamentals of my country's long-term economic growth have not changed, the trend of sustained economic recovery has not changed, and the characteristics of great development potential, sufficient resilience, and wide space have not changed.

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