[Review of the Five Years of Promoting "Production Reform"] The Answer Sheet of "Production Reform" Behind "Made in Shanghai"

  "By 2025, China will step into the ranks of manufacturing powerhouses. How will this step leap from a manufacturing powerhouse to a manufacturing powerhouse?" "The protagonists of product creation, employees, need to improve their quality and change their roles to knowledge-based and innovative." Time Back in 2016 during the National People's Congress, Li Bin, a well-known national model worker, made a thought-provoking speech.

  After decades of growth and accumulation, automobiles, large aircraft, marine engineering, aerospace, nuclear power, etc. are reshaping the new glory of "Made in Shanghai".

As a pilot of the national industrial workforce construction and reform, Shanghai has achieved remarkable results in building and improving the skills formation system of industrial workers and improving the skills and quality of industrial workers. By continuously accumulating knowledge dividends and skill dividends, Shanghai has accelerated the construction of a new industrial system. .

  Promoting reforms to be effective

  In 2021, the output value of Shanghai's three major industries of integrated circuit, biomedicine, and artificial intelligence will increase by 18.3%, and the development momentum is gratifying.

  The rapid growth of double digits is inseparable from the layout of advanced manufacturing from a high starting point.

The construction of Shanghai's new industrial system has always closely followed various national policies and the pace of urban upgrading and development.

In 2016, the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Transformation and Upgrading of Shanghai's Manufacturing Industry" was released, which established the development policy of high-end, intelligent, green and service-oriented manufacturing in Shanghai; The Three-Year Action Plan for Global Excellence in Manufacturing Bases was released, giving a clear timetable.

  As the cornerstone of the manufacturing industry, the construction of Shanghai's industrial workforce strongly supports the high-quality development of the city.

The Shanghai Municipal People's Congress revised the "Regulations on Vocational Education in Shanghai" in 2018. This is the first time that Shanghai has revised the original regulations since they were implemented 14 years ago.

The newly revised regulations have set up a special chapter on "school-enterprise cooperation", and clearly establish an evaluation system for school-enterprise cooperation enterprises, comprehensively promote the modern apprenticeship system for improving students' skills and a new type of apprenticeship system for training and training employees, and form the skills of relevant industrial workers. The relevant content in the system is included in the key clauses.

  Not only that, in April 2018, the "Implementation Opinions on Promoting the Construction and Reform of Shanghai's Industrial Worker Team in the New Era" was released, and in June, the "Skills Improvement Plan (2018-2021)" was released, and the "Deepening the New Era Industrial Worker Team" was released. The Key Action Plan for Construction and Reform (2021-2025)", which clarified the "seven major actions", including ideological guidance, skills training, vocational education, meritorious service, public service, status improvement, and rights protection actions, and fully implemented the "industry reform" pilot program. Promote the continuous deepening of reform work and achieve practical results.

  Make industrial workers stand out

  ARJ-21 new regional airliner, C919 large airliner, CJ-1000A aero engine, Long March 6 rocket, "Haiyang Shiyou 981" drilling platform, AP1000 nuclear power equipment... A batch of major equipment has successively made breakthroughs in Shanghai, and one has an ideal The role of the industrial workers who keep faith, understand technology, innovate, and dare to take responsibility and dedication should not be underestimated.

  How to accumulate knowledge and skill dividends for industrial workers and create a good social ecology?

Shanghai has been constantly exploring in recent years.

In order to make the evaluation mechanism keep up with the pace of development, Shanghai has fully implemented the identification of enterprise skill levels on the basis of the pilot program in 2018. At the same time, focusing on new occupational fields and areas of urgent need, it has explored social training evaluation organizations to carry out socialized occupational skill level identification.

At present, the city has registered 129 enterprise skill level accreditation institutions, including municipal enterprises, municipal industry associations, district-owned enterprises, branches of central enterprises, etc., and can carry out 6,500 evaluation projects.

  Industrial workers once reported that they wanted to learn skills but could not find a way, and wanted to improve their education but could not enter the school.

Shanghai immediately launched research and innovated the academic education model, and launched the Shanghai "dual system" continuing education model oriented by the "double improvement" of employees' ability and academic qualifications, with skills evaluation certificates and "dual certificates" of academic diplomas as the learning outcomes. The Open University and colleges of continuing education in major colleges and universities have explored the mechanism for converting industrial workers' academic qualifications and non-academic degrees, realizing the conversion of training courses and university degree education credits, and helping front-line technical talents and technical backbones to improve their academic qualifications.

  In 2017, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions and Shanghai Open University jointly established the Craftsman Training College (Shanghai Craftsman College). .

At the same time, Shanghai Second Polytechnic University and other colleges have also organized workshops for model workers and craftsmen and employee training courses into parks and enterprises to help employees improve their educational levels.

  Build more platforms and stages for outstanding industrial workers to stand out.

Taking the opportunity of hosting the 46th WorldSkills Competition, Shanghai will build a world-skills competition-led, national competition as the leader, city-level competitions as the main body, and regional competitions at all levels and various regional competitions as the basis. The pattern of skills competition has formed a five-in-one employee skills development system of "training, training, competition, promotion, and incentives" to promote the improvement of the skills of the majority of employees.

  Form a replicable and generalizable experience

  Before the epidemic, there were several "check-in points" in Shanghai that were particularly popular - in the Model Workers Hall and the Craftsman Hall, the "Model Workers and Craftsmen Weekend School" continued to offer wonderful courses.

For 6 consecutive years, Shanghai has selected “Shanghai Craftsmen”, which are mainly workers in the front-line industries, designed the Model Worker Style Pavilion and the online exhibition hall of the Shanghai Craftsman Pavilion, held a series of activities themed to pay tribute to the Model Workers, and the TV publicity and broadcast of “Shanghai Craftsmen”, allowing the majority of industries Workers learn by example.

  Not only does it have demonstration and guidance for individual industrial workers, but also has a "model" for enterprises to carry out training.

Shanghai pays attention to the main role of state-owned enterprises and drives upstream and downstream enterprises to carry out vocational training.

Shanghai Electric established Li Bin Technician College, actively innovated the practical quality improvement platform, and explored and established supporting systems such as the "Employee Training Management System" and "Employee Training Scorecard" in its subsidiaries and cooperative units; China Construction Eighth Bureau Industrial Workers Skills Quality Improvement Implementation Plan", and strive to build a training platform, skill platform and service platform among the construction industry workers; Jiangnan Shipbuilding fully relies on Jiangnan Technical School and Jiangnan Craftsman College to establish a vocational skills training system to provide enterprises and Social units train skilled personnel.

  In the process of "production reform", Shanghai focused on forming a batch of replicable and popularized experiences, and continued to expand the effect of comprehensive pilot areas.

Jiading District issued the implementation opinions, including high-skilled talent incentives into the region's talent plan, and made craftsmen as the object of Jiading Elite Talent Cards; Minhang District formulated a skill improvement action plan to improve industrial workers training, evaluation, use, incentives and other policies; Songjiang District launched the "1+10" talent system, including senior workers and above in the shortage of jobs into the scope of talent support, and implemented gradient talent policy incentives and public service benefits according to the talent points they obtained.

  Facing the future, with the support of the industrial workforce, the "gold content" of the "Made in Shanghai" golden signboard will continue to increase.