Zhongxin Finance, March 31 (Reporter Li Jinlei) "Recently, due to the impact of the epidemic and other unfavorable factors, small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households in the service industry have difficulty in operating and are facing a severe crisis of survival."

  This is the original words of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission in a notice.

This reminds people that at present, some small and medium-sized enterprises are facing a lot of difficulties, even life and death.

  Among the more than 48 million enterprises in China, more than 90% are small and medium-sized enterprises.

As the "capillaries" of China's economy, the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises is self-evident, and they play an important role in attracting employment and prospering the market.

  It can be said that if the SMEs are good, the Chinese economy will be good.

Therefore, it is very important to stabilize small and medium-sized enterprises and let them survive and develop better.

Right now, from the central government to the local government, a series of measures to help enterprises have been introduced intensively to help small and medium-sized enterprises tide over the difficulties.

Hold on!

"Just in time for rain" came.

  Due to the decline in sales and passenger flow, many small and medium-sized enterprises that are struggling are eager to "return blood".

  According to a survey by Shenzhen Retail Business Association, the most retail enterprises want rent reduction or exemption, accounting for 67.6%; followed by personnel subsidies, accounting for 59.5%; tax reduction (44.6%) and loan subsidies (24.3%) , material subsidies (18.9%) and logistics and distribution (13.5%).

Rent relief is coming soon.

  14 departments including the National Development and Reform Commission recently issued the "Several Policies on Promoting the Recovery and Development of Difficult Industries in the Service Industry" (hereinafter referred to as "Several Policies"), specifying that in 2022, the county-level administrative regions where the epidemic medium and high risk areas are located are located. Small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households in the service industry rent state-owned houses, and the rent will be exempted for 6 months in 2022, and the rent in other areas will be reduced for 3 months.

  The General Office of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission issued a notice on March 28 to implement this, requiring that the general work of 3-month rent reduction and exemption should strive to actually complete the main work in the first half of the year, and the supplementary 3-month rent reduction work should be listed as medium and high-risk areas. completed within a month.

  The state also takes into account the lease of non-state-owned houses.

The "Several Policies" require that all localities can coordinate various types of funds to provide appropriate assistance to small and micro enterprises in the service industry and individual industrial and commercial households that rent non-state-owned houses.

Data map: Aerial photography of a new residential building.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Lv Ming

Tax and fee reduction policies are also coming.

  The "Several Policies" expand the coverage of "six taxes and two fees" from small-scale VAT taxpayers to small low-profit enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households.

In 2022, the policy of reducing unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance rates in stages will continue to be implemented.

Raise the return ratio of inclusive unemployment insurance for small, medium and micro enterprises to a maximum of 90% from 60%.

  The Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation recently issued an announcement that from April 1 to December 31 this year, small-scale value-added tax taxpayers will be exempted from value-added tax at a taxable sales income of 3%. For prepaid VAT items, prepayment of VAT will be suspended.

  The executive meeting of the State Council held on March 21 decided that nearly 1 trillion yuan will be refunded to small and micro enterprises in all industries and individual industrial and commercial households that pay taxes according to the general taxation method.

Among them, the existing tax credit will be refunded in full at one time before the end of June, micro enterprises will be refunded in April, and small enterprises will be refunded in May and June; the incremental tax credit will be refunded in full monthly from April 1.

  Li Xuhong, director of the Academic Committee of Beijing National Accounting Institute, believes that under the dual pressure of the epidemic and the economic downturn, the cash flow problem of the service industry is more prominent. Tax reduction and fee reduction can reduce the burden on the service industry, ease its financial difficulties, and ensure the availability of enterprises. Sustainability will help the service industry resume operations.

Data map: The Bund in Shanghai.

Photo by Zhang Xu

All over the place, too.

  From a local level, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Hunan and other places have introduced many bailout policies to help enterprises.

  Among them, Shanghai issued the "Several Policies and Measures for Shanghai to Fight the Epidemic to Help Enterprises Promote Development", and comprehensively implemented 21 relief policies to help enterprises, such as tax rebates, tax reductions, fee reductions, rent reductions and exemptions, financial subsidies, financial support, and aid for enterprises to stabilize jobs. .

Preliminary estimates show that tax-related policies alone can reduce the burden on related industries and enterprises in Shanghai by about 140 billion yuan in 2022.

  Shenzhen issued "Shenzhen's Measures to Further Help Market Entities Relieve Difficulties in Responding to the New Coronary Pneumonia Epidemic", and launched 30 relief policies for enterprises, focusing on housing rent reduction and exemption, reducing the burden of water and electricity costs, epidemic elimination subsidies, and delaying social payments In terms of insurance premiums and other aspects, real money has been provided to help companies bail out. These policy measures are expected to reduce the burden on market players in the city by more than 75 billion yuan.

  It is worth mentioning that Shenzhen has also arranged for 500 million yuan of funds to issue consumer coupons to promote the distribution of digital RMB red envelopes to fully boost consumer demand.

  Tax rebates, tax cuts, fee reductions, rent reductions... With the implementation of a series of tangible measures, more small and medium-sized enterprises are expected to receive "blood transfusion" and achieve "adversity breakthrough".