One hundred and two central departments "show account books" to the society - the
budget is open and meticulous and spending is more transparent
. Our reporter Wu Yadong
On March 24, as the Ministry of Finance, the National Bureau of Statistics and other departments announced the 2022 departmental budget, the annual central departmental budget kicked off.
According to statistics, on that day, a total of 102 central departments concentrated on "sharing the budget".
Looking through the "books" of various central departments, it can be found that the departmental budget disclosed this time includes 9 statements including the departmental revenue and expenditure summary table and the fiscal appropriation revenue and expenditure summary table, which more comprehensively and truly reflects the overall situation of departmental revenue and expenditure and financial appropriation revenue and expenditure. .
Stick to the government's tight life
"Budget disclosure is the core requirement for the reform of the budget management system, and it is also an important part of government information disclosure, which plays an important role in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance said.
This year's "Government Work Report" proposed that the government should insist on living a tight life and make better use of the people.
Vigorously optimize the expenditure structure, ensure key expenditures, and strictly control general expenditures.
"Tight days" is still an important key word in this year's central department budget.
When publicizing the budget, all 102 departments explained the implementation of the tight living conditions and the reduction of expenditures.
On the basis of repeated pressure in recent years, the "three public" funds continued to decline this year.
Statistics show that in 2022, the central government will arrange a budget of 5.3 billion yuan for the “three public” funds at the central level, a decrease of 59 million yuan or 1.1% from the same caliber in 2021.
Reducing expenditure is the main line of doing a good job in the central department's budget work this year.
Bai Yanfeng, Dean of the School of Finance and Taxation at Central University of Finance and Economics, said: "This year, my country's economic development is facing triple pressures of shrinking demand, supply shocks, and weakening expectations. Under such circumstances, the central government will continue to strictly control general expenditures on the premise of ensuring key expenditures. Expenditure and saving the people are particularly important."
The budget of the Ministry of Commerce this year is 202,488,700 yuan, a decrease of 6,455,500 yuan or 3.09% over last year; the budget for the administrative operation of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration this year is 157,015,400 yuan, a decrease of 12,370,500 yuan over last year, a decrease of 7.3% %.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance stated that the promotion of central government budget disclosure this year is of great significance to strengthening and improving budget management, comprehensively implementing budget performance management, deepening the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, strengthening social supervision, and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
Project budgets are more transparent
Project expenditure budget is an important part of departmental expenditure budget.
An important highlight of the budget disclosure of the central departments this year is that the publicity of the project expenditure budget has been increased to make the project expenditure budget more transparent.
"The focus of central departmental budget disclosure is aimed at an important part of departmental budget expenditure - project expenditure budget, which reflects the effective connection between mid-term budget planning and annual budget arrangements under the background of cross-cycle adjustment." Bai Yanfeng said.
This year, when the central government released the budget, it continued to explain the projects submitted to the National People's Congress for deliberation.
The content of public projects includes project overview, project basis, implementation subject, implementation plan, implementation cycle, annual budget arrangement, etc.
The National Development and Reform Commission explained the "improvement of the macro-control system and economic operation adjustment projects".
The project is a long-term continuation project, involving a total of 7 secondary projects, mainly including innovation and improvement of macro-control and promotion of high-quality development, deleveraging, credit building and financing monitoring of small, medium and micro enterprises, price control and price supervision, etc. Content, the general public budget of the project is planned to be 31.7849 million yuan in 2022.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance said that promoting the disclosure of project expenditure budgets will help urge all departments to improve budget preparation, optimize expenditure structure, and improve the efficiency of fund use.
"The transparency of project expenditure budgets is of great significance," said Bai Jingming, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences. Project expenditure budgets account for a large proportion of departmental expenditure budgets, and detailed budget disclosure can enable the public to have a more complete and better understanding of various departmental project expenditures. A clear understanding can also be better monitored by the public.
In addition, increasing the transparency of project budget disclosure can better understand whether the implementation of the project is consistent with the current active fiscal policy, so that every dollar can be spent on the cutting edge.
Expanded scope of performance goals
Performance objectives are the basis and starting point of budget performance management.
Promoting the disclosure of performance targets is an inherent requirement for deepening the reform of budget performance management.
In recent years, central departments have promoted the reform of budget performance management, and the scope of disclosure of performance targets for key projects has been expanded year by year.
According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance, this year, when organizing the central departments to disclose the budget, the number of public expenditure performance targets for general public budgets, government fund budgets and state-owned capital operating budget projects has been greatly increased.
Statistics show that this year, 82 departments have disclosed the project texts of 131 projects, an increase of 27 projects over 2021; 100 departments have disclosed the performance targets of 727 projects, an increase of 599 projects over 2021.
"The number of performance targets disclosed this year has increased significantly, reflecting that the central departments' implementation of budget performance management has a comprehensive coverage and is advancing in depth." Bai Jingming believes that the more performance targets and the more detailed the content of the budget announcement, the more conducive to social supervision. , thereby promoting more reasonable performance target setting.
In addition, this year's budget is more detailed and more readable.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance stated that each department also explained the changes in budget revenue and expenditure, the arrangement of operating funds, "three public" funds, government procurement, occupation of state-owned assets, budget performance management, and projects submitted to the National People's Congress for deliberation, etc. And the more professional terms are explained.
At the same time, in order to enable the public to find, understand, and supervise, the budgets of each department will continue to be displayed on the “Central Budget and Final Accounts Disclosure Platform” established on the Ministry of Finance website, in addition to public disclosure on the department’s website.
"This year's budget disclosure can be described as 'one-stop direct access', so that the public can 'find it', and this year's substantial increase in the number of project expenditure performance target disclosures has achieved the 'fine strokes' of the central department's budget, plus The interpretation of highly professional terms enables the public to see and understand, so as to achieve comprehensive supervision over the quality and efficiency of budget expenditures of central departments." Bai Yanfeng said.
Our reporter Wu YadongKeywords: