Insert digital "wings" for the construction of a manufacturing power
Insert digital "wings" for the construction of a manufacturing power
Our reporter Wang Zheng
"People's Daily" (page 18 on February 23, 2022)
At present, digital, networked and intelligent technologies represented by 5G, industrial Internet, big data and artificial intelligence are promoting the all-round and whole-chain transformation of my country's manufacturing industry.
The Central Economic Work Conference held at the end of last year proposed to speed up digital transformation and promote the upgrading of traditional industries.
How does digital transformation continuously inject impetus into the construction of a powerful manufacturing country?
What are the key tasks for the next step?
The reporter interviewed relevant departments and a number of enterprises.
Increase support for enterprise intelligent transformation and major technological transformation
Revitalize traditional industries
After the transformation and upgrading of the industrial Internet, Anhui Huamao Textile Factory reduced the number of workers per 10,000 spindles from 50 to less than 15, and the production efficiency increased by 50%. %;
Based on the intelligent decision-making system of the industrial Internet, the home furnishing enterprise Kelaifu realizes one-click design, one-click quotation, one-click ordering, and one-click production, forming more than 6,000 personalized customization solutions, and shortening the product delivery cycle by 50%;
Relying on the 5G network, more than 100 kilometers of roadways in a coal mine in Shanxi have achieved full coverage of the 5G private network. "5G+Industrial Internet" applications such as automatic inspection robots, high-definition roadway video surveillance, and remote control of unmanned mining have made mines hundreds of meters deep. Smarter and Safer...
Promoting the digital transformation of traditional manufacturing is an important part of building my country's manufacturing powerhouse.
Statistics from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology show that by the end of December 2021, the numerical control rate of key processes and the penetration rate of digital R&D and design tools in industrial enterprises across the country reached 55.3% and 74.7% respectively, an increase of 30.7 and 25.9 percentage points respectively over 2012; the digitalization of industrial enterprise management The penetration rate reached 70.9%, an increase of 16 percentage points over the initial period of the "13th Five-Year Plan".
"Digital transformation is driven by data as the core, with the comprehensive integration of new-generation information technology and various industries as the main line, with higher production and operation efficiency, faster market response level and greater value creation as the goal, changing the form of products and services, production The process of organizational methods and business models." said Yu Xiaohui, president of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology.
Afterburner, quick swipe, light knock, top line... In the curling arena of the Beijing Winter Olympics, athletes from all over the world compete fiercely.
To ensure a constant friction coefficient between the curling and the ice surface, it relies on the "black technology" of the industrial Internet hidden under the ice surface.
"The ice surface temperature in the curling arena is required to be minus 6 degrees Celsius, and the thickness of the ice layer must be controlled between 5 and 6 cm." Yan Gaibao, deputy director of the Zhilian Development Department of Bingshan Technical Service (Dalian) Co., Ltd., told reporters that by setting the ice surface temperature , infrared temperature, supply and return liquid temperature sensors, "Ice Cube" and other Winter Olympic venues have achieved 3-layer ice surface layered precise temperature control, and can save 30% of energy consumption.
Since the implementation of digital transformation in 2017, Bingshan Industrial Internet Platform has launched 19 industrial APPs and 6 cloud-based software, serving 150 enterprises and accumulatively connecting more than 54,000 industrial equipment.
Thanks to the "blessing" of the industrial Internet, Dalian Bingshan Group's share in the domestic industrial refrigeration industry service market has increased to 30%.
According to reports, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country will increase its support for enterprise intelligent transformation and major technological transformation, promote the engineering industrialization of key industries and major technological achievements, and enhance the core competitiveness of traditional manufacturing industries.
Improve innovation ability, supply ability, support ability and application level
Accelerate the development of intelligent manufacturing
On February 7, on the assembly line of Geely Automobile's Changxing base in Zhejiang, a tense and hectic atmosphere came to us.
Workers in orange and blue uniforms, holding servo tightening guns, meticulously tighten each bolt according to the assembly process.
Above the workstation, high-definition cameras rely on the 5G network to monitor each tightening action in real time, and upload the operation process data and results of all tightening points to the system.
"Our final assembly line has achieved 100% big data final assembly, and every assembly process can be traced back, and any problems can be checked immediately to ensure that each fourth-generation Emgrand car that rolls off the assembly line is 'perfect'." Geely Auto Tong Zhiyuan, vice president of the group and head of the Changxing base, said.
In recent years, Geely Changxing Base has actively promoted the "Double 0 Double 100" high-quality manufacturing system - zero deviation stamping, 100% automatic welding, zero pollution spraying, and 100% big data final assembly.
As the "5G+Industrial Internet" high-quality platform project for the discrete industry of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in 2020 and the "Future Factory" pilot application project in Zhejiang Province in 2021, Geely Changxing Base has established an intelligent data platform. New-generation information technologies such as XR applications, 5G+ high-definition vision applications, and 5G+ logistics management and control realize digital design, intelligent production, networked coordination, and secure management and control.
"Building an intelligent manufacturing group led by the 'factory of the future', with digital workshops and intelligent factories as the main body, is an important starting point for Zhejiang to promote intelligent manufacturing." The relevant person in charge of the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Economy and Information Technology said that Zhejiang has formulated a "future By the end of 2021, a total of 423 smart factories (digital workshops) and 61 "future factories" have been identified, and the production efficiency of enterprises has increased by 47.8%, energy utilization has increased by 16.3%, and operating costs have been reduced by 20.4% .
Not just Zhejiang.
In 2021, the Liaoning provincial government will set up a special fund of 2 billion yuan to support the digital transformation and intelligent transformation of enterprises, and promote nearly 20,000 industrial enterprises to go to the cloud.
Miao Zhimin, director of the Department of Industry and Information Technology of Liaoning Province, told reporters that in the past three years, Liaoning Province has completed the construction of 109 key intelligent manufacturing projects, with an average increase of 21.2% in production efficiency and an average of 15.6% in operating costs.
A few days ago, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the "2021 Smart Manufacturing Pilot Demonstration Factory Unveiling Rank and List of Excellent Scenarios". 110 smart manufacturing demonstration factories including GAC New Energy Vehicles, Ningde Times Batteries, and Honor Smartphones, as well as 241 excellent smart manufacturing scenarios are on the list. .
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will adhere to the main direction of intelligent manufacturing, focus on improving innovation capabilities, supply capabilities, support capabilities and application levels, accelerate the construction of an intelligent manufacturing development ecosystem, and continue to promote the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, networked collaboration, intelligent We will strive to realize the digitalization and networking of most manufacturing enterprises above designated size by 2025, and the key enterprises in key industries will initially apply intelligence.
Strengthen top-level design, improve solutions, and ensure element protection
Let the Industrial Internet benefit more SMEs
Just after the Spring Festival, the production workshop of Puyou Electromechanical Bearing in Xinchang County, Zhejiang Province is already busy.
The equipment is still those equipment, but the number of people operating the equipment has been greatly reduced.
"Machine tool improvement, process parameter rationalization improvement, raw and auxiliary material life management, and standardization of working behavior habits. Since March last year, we have carried out in-depth value mining and upgrading of the factory informatization transformation project implemented in 2017. In the past, one employee operated a production line. , now one person manages two. The manpower is saved, and we can carry out 'double shift' production." General Manager Huang Yonglong said that without increasing the investment in equipment and personnel, the company has doubled its production capacity and increased its annual output value. exceeded 100 million yuan.
In recent years, Xinchang Bearing Industrial Internet Platform has actively developed low-cost industrial APPs that are convenient for small and medium-sized enterprises to use, providing equipment monitoring, remote operation and maintenance and other services.
At present, more than 20,000 devices from more than 300 companies have been connected, with an average increase of 13% in device output and a 50% reduction in labor.
SMEs are the main force in the development of the digital economy and the main battlefield for digital transformation.
In recent years, the development of my country's industrial Internet platform has achieved remarkable results, and its role in empowering, assigning, and empowering small and medium-sized enterprises has become increasingly prominent.
"The Industrial Internet is widely used in more than 40 key industries of the national economy. There are more than 100 platforms with certain regional and industry influence. The number of industrial equipment connected to the platform has reached 76 million sets. It serves 1.6 million industrial enterprises," said Xie Shaofeng, director of the Information Technology Development Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
"Generally speaking, the difficulty of digital transformation and upgrading of enterprises is still in small and medium-sized enterprises." Wang Yiming, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and former deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, believes that to solve this problem, it is necessary to better play the role of leading enterprises in the industry, and through the supply chain, The digital platforms of leading enterprises can be opened to small, medium and micro enterprises, thereby reducing costs and helping them transform and upgrade.
"Currently, there are still a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises that are difficult to systematically carry out digital transformation due to factors such as cognition, capital, and technology." Yu Xiaohui suggested that in the next step, digital transformation should be coordinated from the perspectives of top-level design, technology industry, and factor guarantees.
The first is to strengthen top-level design, release industry digital transformation plans, and provide a practical and easy-to-operate digital transformation reference roadmap for industries and large and medium-sized enterprises.
The second is to accelerate forward-looking layout around emerging integrated technology fields such as 5G, artificial intelligence, and digital twins, meet industry needs, take into account customization in general, and create usable and easy-to-use digital transformation solutions.
The third is to gather the joint efforts of government, industry, academia and research, and use the large-scale alliance ecology such as the Industrial Internet Industry Alliance to further promote industrial synergy and ensure the guarantee of funds, talents, technology and other elements.
Liang Zhifeng, director of the Small and Medium Enterprise Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will implement the digitalization promotion project for small and medium-sized enterprises, promote the application of the Industrial Internet in small and medium-sized enterprises, and provide a batch of low-cost, quick-acting, and strong applicability for small and medium-sized enterprises. digital solutions.
By the end of 2022, organize more than 100 industrial Internet platforms and digital transformation service providers to provide digital transformation evaluation and diagnosis services and solutions for no less than 100,000 small and medium-sized enterprises, and promote the business of 100,000 small and medium-sized enterprises to "go to the cloud".
In addition, small and medium-sized enterprises should be encouraged to actively integrate into the application scenarios and industrial ecology of 5G and industrial Internet, and consolidate the foundation of digital services for small and medium-sized enterprises.Keywords: