(Economic Watch) Tax policy stimulates Chinese companies' desire to "seek green"

  China News Agency, Beijing, February 20 (Reporter Zhao Jianhua) China is using tax leverage to promote the development of a green economy.

With the implementation of a series of tax policies, enterprises' desire to "seek green" has gradually increased.

  In the Beijing Winter Olympics, the buses that shuttle between the competition venues and the Olympic Village burn hydrogen fuel.

Their emissions are water vapor.

Traditional car exhaust, composed of harmful components such as nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and solid suspended particulate matter, has no trace on them.

  These hydrogen fuel buses come from Beijing Automobile Group, with a total of 515 vehicles.

Ye Xiaohua, head of the company's finance department, said that in recent years, China's tax and business environment has continued to improve, and companies can invest more funds and personnel in R&D and production.

The development of enterprises is inseparable from the policy of reducing taxes and fees. The "small account book" of enterprises moving forward lightly reflects the "big account book" of the government's tax reduction and fee reduction.

  In recent years, China has successively introduced tax and fee reduction policies to stimulate enterprises to intensify innovation efforts.

From 2016 to 2021, a total of over 8.6 trillion yuan (RMB, the same below) has been added to reduce taxes and fees nationwide.

Last year, 320,000 enterprises across the country enjoyed the preferential policy of additional deduction for R&D expenses in advance, with a tax reduction of 333.3 billion yuan, of which 186,000 manufacturing enterprises enjoyed a tax reduction of 225.9 billion yuan.

  Tax and fee reductions have reduced corporate R&D costs, increased cash flow, and enhanced innovation momentum.

According to data released by the State Administration of Taxation, in 2021, the R&D investment of key tax source manufacturing enterprises in the country will increase by 22.6% year-on-year, and the innovation investment of enterprises will continue to increase.

  Feng Haiyan, director of the Safety and Environmental Protection Department of Aluminum Corporation of China Guangxi Branch, said that in recent years, enterprises have successively enjoyed the "bonus" of policies such as the reduction of value-added tax rates, the value-added tax credits and refunds, and the comprehensive utilization of resources.

Among them, in 2021, only the value-added tax for comprehensive utilization of resources will be collected first and then refunded, and the tax refund will reach 18.6647 million yuan.

"The policy of tax reduction and fee reduction has given us the confidence to strengthen key technology research and increase investment in environmental protection." Benefiting from technological transformation, the company has increased the production of iron oxide by 400,000 tons per year, creating considerable economic benefits and becoming the development cycle of the alumina industry. A model of economy.

  Xie Deti, a professor at the School of Resources and Environment of Southwest University, analyzed that the green tax system has played an active role in encouraging green transformation and upgrading of enterprises, and promoting ecological priority and green development has become a social consensus.

After the pollution discharge fee was changed to environmental protection tax, the taxation principle of "more emissions, more levies, less emissions, less levies, and no emissions and no levies" forced enterprises to raise their awareness of environmental protection, so that the former large polluters could gain a "new life" and take the initiative to save energy and reduce emissions. The ecological environment has been significantly improved.

  China, which encourages innovation, has gradually formed a green tax system with environmental protection tax as the main body, including resource tax, vehicle purchase tax, etc., covering multiple links such as resource extraction, production, circulation, consumption, and emission.

According to data released by the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, the national resource tax revenue will be 228.8 billion yuan, and the environmental protection tax revenue will be 20.3 billion yuan.

Among them, resource tax revenue increased by 30.4% year-on-year.

  Between paying taxes and concessions, companies choose the latter.

Xie Deti said that enterprises can improve resource utilization, carry out ultra-low emission technological transformation, and enjoy preferential tax policies such as resource tax and environmental protection tax, which effectively reduces the production cost of enterprises, realizes technological innovation and industrial transformation, and enters a virtuous circle. , the concept of green development is also more deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.