Strengthen scientific and technological cooperation to promote innovation and development (share destiny)
Strengthen scientific and technological cooperation to promote innovation and development (share destiny)
Since the launch of the "One Belt, One Road" Science and Technology Innovation Action Plan in 2017, China and the "One Belt, One Road" countries have cooperated in scientific and cultural exchanges, joint laboratory construction, cooperation in science and technology parks, technology transfer, etc. A round of technological revolution and industrial transformation promotes the construction of a road of innovation.
By the end of last year, China had established scientific and technological cooperation relations with 84 co-constructed countries, supported 1,118 joint research projects, and started the construction of 53 joint laboratories in the fields of agriculture, new energy, and health care. vigorous.
Intelligent irrigation technology brings new hope to desert agriculture
High temperature, drought and water shortage in desert areas, how to improve the utilization rate of water resources has always been a difficult problem that plagued Egypt's agricultural development.
Next to the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, which connects the two major cities of Egypt, lies the Desert Farm of the Egyptian Agricultural Research Center.
For more than two years, a water-saving irrigation system from China has helped local desert cultivation.
In the green mango test field, the mangoes are big and plump and growing well, but there is no irrigation pipe on the ground.
The researcher turned on the mobile phone and tapped it gently. The water pump driven by solar power generation next to the experimental field began to pump water. Through the underground infiltration pipe, the water source was continuously transported to the roots of the plants, and 50 acres of farmland could be watered in one hour.
This smart wind-solar hybrid water-saving irrigation system is from Ningxia, China. It consists of underground infiltration pipes, wind energy, solar water lifting equipment, and mobile phone intelligent control irrigation equipment.
"It is greener and more efficient than traditional irrigation, and it can also be remotely controlled through mobile phones and computers. In addition, the irrigation equipment is laid underground and is not exposed to ultraviolet rays, so its service life is relatively longer." Dean of the School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, R&D leader Introduced by Sun Zhaojun.
In 2019, the International Joint Water-Saving Irrigation Laboratory was established by the School of Resources and Environment of Ningxia University and Ain Shams University in Egypt.
In the Egyptian National Research Center farm and the Egyptian Agricultural Research Center desert farm, China and Egypt have built two smart wind-solar complementary water-saving irrigation test bases with a total area of 320 mu, and cooperated with local enterprises to demonstrate and promote more than 30,000 mu.
"The establishment of the joint laboratory not only facilitates us to obtain experimental data, but also trains students to use these systems." said Ahmed Jalal, Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University. The biggest problem in developing desert agriculture is In the absence of water and electricity, the water-saving irrigation system achieves an impressive 40% water saving rate by utilizing solar energy, wind energy and underground infiltration pipes.
The joint construction of an intelligent water-saving irrigation laboratory is a microcosm of China-Egypt scientific and technological cooperation in recent years.
With the in-depth integration of the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative and Egypt's "Vision 2030", China and Egypt continue to innovate the forms of scientific and technological cooperation and expand the fields of cooperation.
From Egypt's first integrated testing center for satellite assembly, to the ongoing Egypt No. 2 satellite project, to the signing of the memorandum of cooperation between the Sino-Egyptian Agricultural Green Development Joint Laboratory, the road of mutual benefit and win-win for Sino-Egyptian scientific and technological cooperation is getting wider and wider.
Yasser Rifat, Deputy Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Egypt, said: "China has become one of Egypt's most important partners in scientific and technological innovation, and Egypt is willing to further deepen and expand cooperation in scientific and technological innovation with China to make progress together. success."
From satellites to BINGO, Dream Space continues to write a new chapter
At the end of last year, the governor of Brazil's Paraíba state, João Azevedo, signed a project funding agreement totaling 12 million reais (about 14.76 million yuan) for the inland areas of the state. Construction of the large single-aperture radio telescope needed for the BINGO project.
BINGO is a major international cooperation program in the field of radio astronomy and cosmology. It was launched in July last year. Researchers from China, Brazil, the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and other countries cooperated to detect important signals emitted from deep space. Thereby revealing the mysteries of the structure of the universe and dark energy.
In 1988, China and Pakistan signed a cooperation agreement, officially kicking off the development of China-Pakistan Earth Resources Satellite.
In 1999, the first China-Pakistan "Resource No. 1" satellite was launched, setting a precedent for successful cooperation among developing countries in the space field.
Up to now, China and Pakistan have jointly developed 6 earth resource satellites. The satellite data are widely used in the fields of agriculture, forestry, water conservancy, land resources, environmental protection, disaster prevention and mitigation of the two countries, providing strong support for the scientific decision-making of government departments.
Bueno, the Pakistani director of the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Project, has been involved in the project from the very beginning, and his Chinese colleagues affectionately call him "Old Bu".
For more than 30 years, from the transmission of information through telegrams to the formation of clear and clear cooperation guidance documents, from jointly conquering a large number of key product core technologies to carrying out a series of research and development coordination and communication, Lao Bu and Chinese colleagues have established a solid friendship in work and life. .
Due to the needs of the project, Lao Bu traveled to China on average once or twice a year before the epidemic to participate in technical conferences, design reviews, launch tracking and environmental testing.
"Participating in this project has given me the opportunity to understand China's scientific and technological development and Chinese culture, and to witness the great changes that have taken place in China. I look forward to the continuous expansion of the influence of the Pakistan-China Earth Resources Satellite Project and the continuous writing of a new chapter in the space cooperation between the two countries."
"Brazil is in great need of a partner like China." According to Marcos Pentes, Minister of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications of Brazil, Brazil and China have cooperated for more than 30 years in the aerospace field, especially in the earth resources satellite project, which is a great opportunity for the two countries. China and other developing countries have provided technical support for the economic and social development of China, and used space technology to improve and improve people's quality of life, reflecting the "future vision".
Create a "blue partnership" and cultivate highlights of cooperation in multiple fields
In December last year, the China-Portugal Xinghai "Belt and Road" Joint Laboratory, jointly led by the Institute of Microsatellite Innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as the "Institute of Satellite Innovation") and the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation, was officially unveiled in Shanghai.
China and Portugal will carry out cooperation in the fields of ocean and space, and jointly promote the development of the "Blue Partnership" between the two countries.
"Shanghai and Lisbon are located on the coasts of the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean respectively. Portugal's Azores has special climate and geographical advantages, and it is a natural experimental site." said Hu Haiying, vice president of the Satellite Innovation Institute, building a Sino-Portuguese marine and space field. The platform for scientific and technological innovation cooperation, focusing on engineering technology and scientific applications in the marine and space fields, will help promote the development of the blue economy and aerospace cooperation between the two countries.
Portugal has a long marine culture and rich experience in developing and utilizing marine resources.
In recent years, the cooperation between China and Portugal in the field of marine science has become increasingly close, and Portugal is the first EU country to formally establish a "Blue Partnership" with China.
Sino-Portuguese cooperation in marine science and technology has yielded results.
In September 2017, the Sino-Portuguese International Joint Laboratory of Marine Biological Sciences was inaugurated at Shanghai Ocean University. Shanghai Ocean University and the University of Algarve, Portugal jointly carried out the evolution and adaptation of fish and shellfish immunity, fish reproduction and development, marine microorganisms, Multi-disciplinary cross-cooperation in marine ecosystems, polar oceans, etc.
Adelino Canario, director of the Marine Science Research Center at the University of Algarve, is the Portuguese director of the joint laboratory.
He said that in the fields of marine scientific research, marine development and protection, Portugal can share information with China. The joint laboratory between the two sides has achieved complementary scientific research capabilities, promoted more exchanges of researchers, and promoted the development of marine biological science and technology. Research, transformation and innovation have improved the scientific and technological innovation capabilities of the two countries in the field of marine biology.
In recent years, with the continuous advancement of bilateral cooperation under the framework of the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”, China and Portugal have carried out multi-dimensional exchanges and cooperation around the construction of scientific research platforms and joint research and development.
Up to now, a total of 3 China-Portugal "Belt and Road" joint laboratories have been approved for construction, covering key areas such as space ocean, materials, and cultural heritage.
Ettore, Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education of Portugal, believes that scientific and technological cooperation has always been an important part of the friendly relations between Portugal and China. important role.
(This newspaper, Cairo, Rio de Janeiro, Madrid, Beijing, February 17th)
Our reporter Shen Xiaoxiao Bi Mengying Jiang Bo Yu YichunKeywords: