By 2030, basically establish a complete basic system and policy system for green and low-carbon energy development——

  The "roadmap" of energy green and low-carbon transformation is clearer (Sharp Finance)

  A few days ago, the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration issued the "Opinions on Improving the System, Mechanism, and Policy Measures for the Green and Low-Carbon Transformation of Energy" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"), making detailed arrangements for promoting the green and low-carbon transformation of energy.

The "Opinions" propose that by 2030, a complete basic system and policy system for green and low-carbon energy development will be basically established.

  The relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration stated that the "Opinions", as one of the important guarantee schemes of the "1+N" policy system for carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, is a comprehensive policy document for promoting carbon peaking and carbon neutrality in the energy field.

In the future, the "Opinions" will be implemented in coordination with a series of policies on carbon peaking in the energy sector to form a policy synergy to systematically promote the green and low-carbon transformation of energy.

Improve supply security

  In my country's total carbon dioxide emissions, energy production and consumption-related activities account for a relatively high proportion of carbon emissions. Promoting green and low-carbon transformation of energy is the key to achieving the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.

  "There are still some deficiencies in the current energy system, mechanism and policy, mainly reflected in the need to enhance the awareness of energy consumption mode to green and low-carbon transformation, the increase of new security and supply risks in the green and low-carbon transformation, and the unsuitable infrastructure such as energy transmission. With the large-scale development of new energy, the independent innovation capability of key links is not strong enough, the energy market system is not perfect, the coordination mechanism of energy management needs to be improved, and the policy support such as investment and financing is still weak,” said the relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration.

  The person in charge said that the premise of energy green and low-carbon transformation is to ensure energy security.

The "Opinions" insist that based on national conditions, establish first and then break through, and promote the green and low-carbon transformation of energy in an orderly manner on the premise of ensuring energy security.

  In terms of early warning mechanism, the "Opinions" require power grids, oil and gas pipeline networks, and key energy supply enterprises to improve the regional energy supply monitoring platform and report relevant information to the competent authorities in a timely manner. and other departments of the joint response mechanism for extreme weather.

Regarding the emergency reserve system, the "Opinions" propose to speed up the formation of an oil reserve system that combines government reserves, corporate social responsibility reserves, and production and operation inventory organically and complements each other, as well as physical reserves, production capacity reserves, and other reserves.

  "Promoting the incorporation of demand-side adjustable resources into the balance of power and electricity, giving play to the role of demand-side resources in shaving peaks and filling valleys, promoting the balance of power supply and demand, and adapting to the operation of new energy power. The price compensation mechanism for the operation of regulated power sources such as hydropower, solar thermal power generation and energy storage.” The person in charge gave an example.

  Increase key core technology innovation

  The "Opinions" make it clear that, focusing on desert, Gobi and desert areas, accelerate the construction of large-scale wind power and photovoltaic power generation bases, upgrade and transform existing coal-fired power units in the region, and explore the establishment of coordinated transmission and reception for new energy power transmission. The mechanism to support the construction, integration and development of new energy power.

  The relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration pointed out that the green and low-carbon transformation of energy requires not only the adjustment of industrial structure, but also the support of energy technology innovation.

Based on the needs of energy transformation and development for technological innovation, the "Opinions" strengthen the top-level design of energy technology innovation mechanisms, improve the innovation system and incentive mechanism in the energy field, enhance key core technology innovation capabilities, and enhance the endogenous driving force for green and low-carbon energy transformation and development.

  In order to promote the technological progress of the integration of clean and low-carbon energy industry chain, the "Opinions" proposes to rely on major energy projects such as large-scale new energy bases, promote the coordinated development, manufacture and application of advanced technology and equipment by upstream and downstream enterprises, and form advanced technology through engineering integration and application. and industrialization capabilities.

  In an interview with this reporter, Jing Chunmei, head of the Scientific Research Information Department of China International Economic Exchange Center, said that in recent years, my country has formulated a series of policies and measures around the green and low-carbon development of energy, promoting solar energy, wind energy, water energy, biomass energy, The development and utilization of clean energy such as geothermal energy has achieved remarkable results, but there are still shortcomings in institutional mechanisms, policy systems, and governance methods.

The "Opinions" are guided by the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, focusing on the whole process of energy development and utilization such as production, transmission, supervision, trading, consumption, etc., and further clarify the green and low-carbon transformation of energy from multiple levels, multiple dimensions and all fields. "Roadmap" is of great guiding significance.

  Better stimulate the vitality of the energy market

  According to scholars such as Song Xiangqing, director of the Industrial Economics Research Center of Beijing Normal University, in order to speed up the construction of a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, green energy must be "lived", and carbon emission rights, energy use rights and green electricity must be made available. "Movement", through the establishment of various trading markets to achieve a dynamic balance of green power energy and its associated rights and interests between enterprises and cities, and help economic and social development in a comprehensive green transformation.

  According to the relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration, the "Opinions" give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and better play the role of the government. Measures such as green and low-carbon transformation on the consumption side and deepening the reform of "decentralization, management and services" in the energy sector have enhanced the efficiency of energy system operation and resource allocation.

  The green and low-carbon transformation of energy will also be accompanied by the enrichment of green upgrade scenarios for energy consumption.

The "Opinions" are linked with the implementation plan for carbon peaking in key industries: in the industrial field, encourage renewable energy power projects to supply power to industrial parks or enterprises nearby through innovative power transmission and operation methods; in the construction field, promote ultra-low energy consumption buildings , large-scale development of low-carbon buildings; in the field of transportation, actively promote large-capacity electrified public transportation and clean energy vehicles such as electric, hydrogen energy, advanced biological liquid fuel, natural gas, etc. ) site layout and service facilities.

  "Whether it is promoting the construction of natural gas 'dual peak shaving' power stations, or supporting emerging market entities such as microgrids, distributed power sources, energy storage and load aggregators to independently participate in power transactions, the "Opinions" adhere to the principle of 'establish first and then break'. Principles, through the system to put forward the system, mechanism and policy measures to support the green and low-carbon transformation of the energy supply side, and take into account both 'stability' and 'progress'." Jing Chunmei said that the implementation of the "Opinions" requires the government, enterprises, families and other social parties. Work together to maximize the potential of green energy production and consumption.

  Reporter: Wang Junling