□ 本报见习记者 张守坤
□ 本报记者 赵 丽
According to Zhu Yi, an associate professor at the School of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering of China Agricultural University, the "appreciation period" is actually a Japanese term, which refers to the best tasting period for food.
"Taste period" and "imminent period" foods may have slight differences in taste and flavor, but there is no difference in quality and safety. However, consumers are easily confused. It is recommended that businesses indicate two dates on the food. One is the best tasting period, and the other is the shelf life, which is convenient for consumers to choose and judge.
Tamper with the date to shoddy
The quality of the supply is difficult to guarantee
With the increasing demand for expiring food, the acquisition of expiring food has now changed from a buyer's market to a seller's market.
Wang Jie, a buyer of temporary food from Anhui, told reporters: "When the goods were purchased in the past, the other party wanted to get rid of them quickly. Now the temporary food is on fire, and the price must be quoted first when receiving the goods. The price is often still being negotiated, and the goods have been taken away by others. Now, the profit margins of making expiring food are getting smaller and smaller.”
Wang Jie said that the regular delivery channels for temporary food products include dealer inventory, direct supply from brands, community group purchase suppliers, and supermarket chain returns.
"Most brands have a remaining shelf life of one or two months, and it is relatively common to have only a few weeks left. We seldom take this kind of goods. The food is a fast-forwarding and fast-selling industry, and the quantity of purchases is relatively large. , in case it can't be sold, the money will be lost. In this case, some merchants will falsely mark the original price, or even tamper with the production date, use expired products to pretend to be expired products, or buy some food from unknown channels, deceiving customer."
The reporter consulted 5 stores on an e-commerce platform, and the other parties all ensured that the purchase channel was regular and there would be no problems, but no customer service responded positively to the purchase channel.
In the comments of buyers of some commodities, the reporter saw many people mentioning comments such as "the eight bags of biscuits I bought were all broken", "I had diarrhea a few times after eating", and "it's different from what my friends bought in the supermarket".
Wang Jie found that some merchants re-printed the expired food before putting it on the shelves, and the expired products that are easy to re-code are often the production date printed by ink, and the production date of hot stamping, laser printing, steel stamping, and hot stamping is very important. Difficult to change.
"Therefore, consumers must pay attention to whether there are traces of wiping around when purchasing, whether the inkjet is even and bright, whether it can be wiped with water, etc." Wang Jie reminded.
Zhu Yi said that in order to pursue improper interests, some businesses do change the expired food into a "vest" and put the label of expiring food into the market again. This is not good for the healthy development of the snack food industry, and it will also damage the health of consumers. Health and buying experience.
Recently, taking the opportunity of the temporary food pilot work in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, the Zhangjiagang City Market Supervision Bureau of Jiangsu Province formulated two system specifications, the "Temporary Food Safety Management Specification" and the "Temporary Food Anti-Waste Guide", to clarify the temporary food safety management. Standardize and guide all units to establish standardized shelves for expiring food and special personnel to manage shelves according to their own actual conditions, and improve the special management system for expiring food.
Created the first online trading platform for temporary food in Suzhou, which directly connected with local large-scale food companies and major shopping malls and supermarkets, and improved the processing capacity of temporary food and the quality of food consumption services.
In order to regulate the food market in the temporary period, Zhu Yi suggested that the regulatory authorities must strengthen the supervision of the industry, carry out special inspections on a regular basis, and strictly investigate the illegal activities such as the refurbishment and sales of food in the temporary period and expired food. The social responsibility of good supervision.
According to Zhu Yi, Beijing has issued a very detailed standard for expiring food before, and the critical standard is also very clear.
For example, the expiry date of a food with a shelf life of one year or more is set 45 days before the expiration date, such as canned candy; the expiration date of the food with a shelf life of 6 months to one year is set 20 days before the expiration date, such as room temperature milk.
If the shelf life is between 3 months and 6 months, the expiry period refers to 15 days before the expiration date, such as some vacuum-packed foods, frozen foods, etc.
"Relevant state departments can study and formulate relevant management systems for temporary food according to this standard, and define the period of temporary food." Zhu Yi said.
Cheng Shengkui, chairman of the Chinese Society of Natural Resources and a researcher at the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, told reporters that foreign food donation systems can be used for reference in food management measures for temporary food.
For example, the food bank in the United States is a non-profit organization that collects the food in the supermarket and uses it for donation. "my country can also develop gradually in the direction of food banks."
"In addition, in addition to marking the shelf life on the food packaging, you can also mark the best taste period, the best eating period or the best tasting period. The food that has passed the best eating period will be sold at a discount or donated directly to Charitable organizations. For the problems existing in the temporary food, the relevant departments and enterprises still need further research to ensure the safety of food while reducing food waste." Cheng Shengkui said.Keywords: