Zhongxin Finance, January 20. On the 20th, the State Council Information Office held a press conference on the development of industry and informatization in 2021. Tian Yulong, chief engineer and spokesman of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said at the press conference that industrial and informatization The entire development trend will not change in 2022, nor will the long-term positive fundamentals.

  According to Tian Yulong, as a very special year in 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in accordance with the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, will strive to overcome the adverse effects caused by the spread of the epidemic, the tightening of the supply of factors of production, and the continued high prices of bulk commodities. A series of policies and measures to stabilize industrial growth have ensured the recovery of the industrial economy, the stability of the industrial chain and supply chain, the continuous improvement of the modernization level, and the further enhancement of the endogenous driving force for high-quality development, all of which have provided strong support for the growth of the macro economy.

  In general, the performance of the industrial economy last year has the following characteristics:

First, the industrial economy continued to recover.

Last year, the development of the industrial economy was generally stable, but from a quarterly perspective, it showed that the growth rate was high and then low.

Especially in the third quarter, affected by the superposition of the epidemic situation and the tightening of energy factors, the growth rate decreased month by month, showing a downward trend.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has jointly implemented policies with various relevant departments. With the implementation of a series of measures such as helping enterprises to bail out, ensuring energy supply and stabilizing prices, the results have been remarkable.

The fourth quarter began to rebound month by month, reversing the downward trend.

In 2021, the national added value above designated size will increase by 9.6% year-on-year, and the two-year average will reach 6.1%, which is higher than the level before the epidemic in 2019; in particular, the added value of the manufacturing industry will increase by 9.8% year-on-year, with an average two-year growth of 6.6%.

The annual industrial capacity utilization rate was 77.5%, 3 percentage points higher than the previous year.

Enterprise efficiency has improved significantly. In the first 11 months of last year, industrial enterprises above designated size achieved a year-on-year increase of 38% in profits, an average increase of 18.9% in the two years, and a profit margin of operating income of 6.98%, which is also a relatively high level in recent years.

Industrial exports maintained rapid growth. The delivery value of industrial exports above designated size increased by 17.7% year-on-year, with an average growth of 8.3% in the two years. Exports also showed a growth trend.

This is the good and generally stable performance of our industrial economy.

二是重点行业保持增长态势。

2021年41个工业大类行业中39个保持增长,有15个行业增速超过两位数。

原材料制造业增加值同比增长5%,两年平均增长4.1%。利润同比增长92%,原材料价格上涨带来了利润增长,对整体工业的利润增长贡献率达到了六成

。所以,去年原材料行业还是发展得非常好。装备制造业增加值同比增长12.9%,两年平均增长9.7%,对整体工业增长的贡献率超过四成。电子行业受“宅经济”和外需拉动,工业增加值和出口交货值均保持两位数增长。消费品制造业增加值同比增长9.8%,两年平均增长4.5%,总体保持稳定恢复。特别是在抗疫物资需求拉动下,医药制造业增加值同比大幅增长24.8%。

三是产业结构不断优化。

制造业投资调整优化,全年制造业投资同比增长13.5%,高技术制造业投资增长22.2%。投资的比重和结构在不断优化。高技术制造业增加值在投资拉动下,增长较快,同比增长18.2%,智能化、升级型新兴产品快速增长,工业机器人、集成电路等新兴产品产量都增长较快,特别是新能源汽车,产销量都超过了350万辆,同比增长1.6倍。这是制造业里面比较有亮点的。同时,结构调整、动能转换也在持续推进,显现出的效果也比较明显,5G、工业互联网加速了制造业数字化转型。一些基础关键技术的攻关取得成效,这也有力支撑了制造业升级,集装箱产量成倍增加,光伏、风电、船舶等产业链供应链国际竞争优势凸显。在碳达峰碳中和工作的总体部署下,我们制定工业领域及有色金属、建材等重点行业碳达峰的一些工作,包括实施方案,前11个月规模以上工业单位增加值能耗同比下降5.5%。

Fourth, SMEs have achieved recovery growth.

A series of policies to bail out and help enterprises have been introduced, and market players have been further stimulated.

Last year, the income and profits of small and medium-sized enterprises in the designated size increased by 20.7% and 28.2% year-on-year, with an average increase of 9.8% and 17.1% respectively in the two years, both higher than the growth rate of the same period in 2019.

Small and medium-sized enterprises are supported to be specialized and refined, and a number of entrepreneurial and innovative enterprises continue to emerge.

According to a survey conducted by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of 1,185 "little giant" companies, the profit margin in the first 11 months reached 10.9%, which is generally good.

Of course, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, especially small and micro enterprises, faces changes in the market environment, changes in the epidemic situation, etc., and there are still some difficulties in operation. We are increasing support policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, especially small and micro enterprises.

  In general, the current situation is still uncertain and complex. We are still satisfied with 2021, and we are confident about 2022. We still have many favorable conditions, including the growth rate of economic development, The overall development momentum is very good, and the epidemic prevention and control is also leading the world. A series of favorable conditions such as a complete industrial system and complete supporting capabilities, economic resilience and potential, coupled with the implementation of macro and micro policies, believe that industrial and The overall development trend of informatization will not change in 2022, nor will the long-term positive fundamentals. Moreover, with the continuous implementation of policies, we have the confidence to overcome various difficulties and realize the smooth operation of the industrial economy.

(Finish)

Keywords: