What joints have to be opened up to speed up the 5G+ industrial Internet
"China Aerospace Science and Industry Group Co., Ltd. has built the first aerospace science and industry small satellite smart production plant in Wuhan, Hubei. This is the world's first small satellite smart manufacturing base based on an industrial Internet platform with flexible manufacturing capabilities." In 2021 China 5G+ At the Industrial Internet Conference, Yu Liang, chairman of the Aerospace Cloud Network Technology Development Co., Ltd., talked about my country’s first small satellite intelligent production line and said that on this production line, the production efficiency of small satellites has increased by more than 40%, and the single-satellite production cycle Reduced by more than 80%, "The current design capacity is 240 small satellites per year, and the factory pass rate can reach 99.9%."
All this benefits from the intelligent manufacturing promoted by 5G+ Industrial Internet-intelligent nodes with sensing, analysis, decision-making, and execution functions run through the entire production process of small satellites.
Currently, 5G+ Industrial Internet is empowering thousands of industries.
As Han Xia, chief engineer of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said, empowering thousands of industries to upgrade intelligently is the fundamental purpose of the development of 5G+ industrial Internet, which is to play a key support and important driving role of 5G+ industrial Internet in the construction of digital China and the process of China’s new industrialization. The basic way.
Create a 5G network that "does what it says"
According to the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of Information and Communication Industry" issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, there have been more than 10,000 5G application innovation cases, covering 22 important industries in the national economy, industrial manufacturing, mining, ports and other vertical industries. The scene has accelerated its scale to land, and it has expanded from the initial production auxiliary business to the core business such as equipment control and quality control.
At present, there are more than 1,800 5G+ industrial Internet projects under construction, more than 100 influential industrial Internet platforms, and more than 76 million connected devices.
"We are pleased to find that the shunt ratio of 5G base stations has gradually entered the inflection point curve of 20%-30% from 3% at the beginning of the year. This eliminates the worry that such a large bandwidth will be used and such a large bandwidth when the station was built in the previous two years. How to bear the power consumption and other doubts. We have entered the scene of fully embracing 5G to empower thousands of industries." said Xu Ziyang, president of ZTE.
"Whether 5G can finally be applied on a large scale in the industrial field and be truly accepted as a transformative technology that empowers all links depends on whether it can solve the problems of low latency and certainty." Dean of China Academy of Information and Communications Technology Yu Xiaohui said.
Chen Dongfeng, CEO of Inspur Group, also said that traditional "best effort" networks cannot meet the needs of key industrial Internet scenarios. The most prominent requirement of industrial Internet for networks is "certainty", so a new type of "says it does" is needed. Network capabilities.
Promote cost reduction with technological breakthroughs
"The empowerment foundation of 5G+ Industrial Internet is becoming more and more solid." Han Xia said that the three major functional systems of industrial Internet network, platform, and security have begun to take shape; breakthroughs in difficult technologies such as large-scale transmission and high-precision positioning that meet the needs of industrial production have accelerated; industrial use Key products such as 5G modules and gateways have been launched one after another, and the prices have dropped significantly.
But even so, the price of 5G modules is still too high.
Yu Xiaohui said that in the process of promoting the continuous in-depth application and empowerment of 5G+ industrial Internet, the problem of high 5G module prices still needs to be solved.
“The price of 5G modules is now more than 10 times the price of 4G modules, 70% of which is the cost of the chip.” Yu Xiaohui said that, on the one hand, modules can be streamlined and simplified, and on the other hand, modules should be promoted. Customization.
The certainty of scenes and objects in the industrial field allows the simplification of modules. By promoting the simplified and customized combination of modules, combined with industry needs, the low cost of modules can be truly achieved to meet the needs of industrial scenarios.
In addition, the Industrial Internet has put forward new requirements for 5G.
Wu Hequan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, mentioned that the process of enterprise network uplink from terminal to network has an urgent need for large bandwidth. Technical difficulties need to be overcome and technologies such as carrier aggregation should be used to further improve uplink capabilities.
Han Xia suggested that we can consolidate the network foundation, keep up with production needs, promote the deployment of industrial 5G slice virtual private networks, hybrid virtual private network deployment, carry out 5G private network pilots, build a benchmark for 5G fully connected factories, and form a construction to promote usage and construction. A well-integrated development model.
Accelerate 5G+ Industrial Internet Empowerment Application
Yu Xiaohui said frankly that the development of 5G+ Industrial Internet is still in its infancy. Although there have been many successful cases and practices, its transformative effects, cost reduction and efficiency enhancement, etc. have not yet been fully manifested. It is expected that 5G+ Industrial Internet will be developed next year. The growth period will enter a large-scale growth period by 2024.
In addition, security is also a bottleneck in the development of the Industrial Internet.
Qi Anxin President Wu Yunkun said that the industrial Internet is facing three major challenges with fragile hardware and software foundations, configuration and management failing to keep up; accelerating data circulation, increasing the risk of data leakage; extensive trust mechanisms and increasing internal threats.
It is reported that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will also further enhance the monitoring, defense, and traceability capabilities for advanced continuous attacks and other cybersecurity threats to ensure the safe operation of basic communication networks; at the same time, it will coordinate the promotion of national cybersecurity and data. The construction of security industrial parks, fostering internationally competitive network and data security leaders, launching pilot demonstrations of network security technology applications, supporting innovative applications of security technologies for critical information infrastructure, and improving the supply of network security products and services.Keywords: