China News Service, Beijing, December 5 (Reporter Liu Liang) After years of hard work, China declared a complete victory in the fight against poverty at the beginning of this year and completed the poverty reduction goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 10 years ahead of schedule.
What important enlightenment does this precious poverty reduction experience have for the world?
At the 18th Global Annual Meeting of the International Finance Forum (IFF) being held in China, many people interpreted this.
IFF director and former Brazilian Minister of Trade Teixeira pointed out that China has performed excellently in poverty eradication. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, more than 700 million people in China have been lifted out of poverty. This is a huge achievement in human history and contributes to the sustainable development of the world. Made a huge contribution.
China's experience and measures in poverty reduction and promotion of sustainable development have important reference significance for the sustainable development of underdeveloped regions in the world.
How can China get rid of poverty?
Arroyo, former president of the Philippines and co-chair of the Silk Road International Alliance, attributed China’s success in poverty alleviation to three points: first, there is a long-term vision; second, there is a firm will to implement this vision; and finally, the recognition of technology and infrastructure value.
From poverty alleviation to rural revitalization, Arroyo believes that more countries should learn from China’s experience to establish a long-term vision and resolve to advance their goals.
Liang Ziqian, the first deputy dean of the Central Asia Institute of Regional Economic Cooperation, said that due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the global poverty situation has become more severe, and other countries in Central Asia also urgently need to learn from China's poverty reduction experience.
He pointed out that there are two very unique phenomena in China's poverty reduction practice-it is not only about the new development of the environment and the new economic development, but also very grounded.
"Based on China's poverty reduction experience, we are developing training programs for the Internet and cross-border e-commerce in China. We will provide free courses to customers in Central Asia, so that those who live in remote areas have the opportunity to create jobs through the Internet. This is us We need to apply the lessons learned from China to other economies."
In the process of poverty alleviation in China, there are a wide range of social subjects participating in poverty alleviation, and full mobilization of social subjects to participate is also a highlight of China's poverty alleviation.
Among them, not only financial institutions have alleviated the “money rush” of the poor through the precise “drip irrigation” of funds and loans, and some enterprises have gone to remote areas to build buildings to help poor people move out of the mountains.
Zhang Wencai, deputy governor of the Agricultural Development Bank of China, believes that the key to China’s historic solution to the problem of absolute poverty lies in insisting that the fruits of development be shared by the people, putting poverty reduction in a prominent position in governance, and insisting on eradicating poverty by means of development. The poverty alleviation strategy runs through the whole process, insists on gathering the strength of all parties, and constantly stimulates the endogenous motivation of poverty alleviation, and achieves real poverty alleviation, real poverty alleviation, and real poverty alleviation.
Zhang Wencai, for example, said that as the only agricultural policy bank in China and the world’s largest agricultural policy bank, the Agricultural Development Bank’s experience in financial poverty alleviation is to target shortcomings and increase credit capital investment, innovate financial products and benefit linkage mechanisms that promote the poor, and give full play to " The dual role of "effective government" and "effective market", as well as the establishment of a systematic governance system to solve multi-dimensional poverty.
Lin Xiaodan, chairman of the China Energy Construction Gezhouba Group Overseas Investment Co., Ltd., emphasized the importance of infrastructure construction from an enterprise perspective. By investing heavily in the construction of energy and transportation infrastructure in remote and impoverished areas in China, the company has effectively promoted the economic and social development of impoverished areas.
Participants pointed out that through the "Belt and Road" international cooperation, more and more countries will further learn from China's poverty reduction experience.
Zhang Jianyu, executive director of the “Belt and Road” Green Development International Research Institute, cited as an example, China has taken a number of actions to strengthen cooperation with ASEAN countries and African countries.
China has demonstrated its sincerity in its commitment to global sustainable development.
At present, the severe test of the epidemic on the world continues, and the interests of countries and the future are more closely linked.
Faced with the continuing challenges posed by the epidemic to the global poor, Arroyo believes that the “Belt and Road” will provide countries along the route with an international cooperation platform on poverty reduction issues, and will also play an important role in the fields of health, digitalization, and green economy. Greater effect.