Civil aviation industry strives to overcome difficulties

  Our reporter Cui Guoqiang

  Since the beginning of this year, due to the interference and impact of multiple epidemics at home and abroad, the production of civil aviation transportation has fluctuated significantly.

"As of the end of October, the total transportation turnover, passenger transportation and cargo and mail transportation volume have respectively completed 69.9%, 66.4% and 80.5% of the annual target. The transportation production situation is still not optimistic." At the press conference of the Civil Aviation Administration of China , Said Zhang Qing, deputy director of the Development Planning Department.

  In a situation where epidemic prevention and control, corporate losses, and security pressures are intertwined, how can all links of the civil aviation industry chain make precise efforts to overcome difficulties and achieve recovery and development?

Scientific prevention and control to ensure smooth transportation

  The repeated epidemic is the biggest uncertainty factor affecting the recovery of the civil aviation industry.

Strict implementation of the prevention and control measures of "external defense input, internal defense rebound, and personal defense" has strengthened the confidence for the recovery and development of the industry.

  As the Winter Olympics is approaching, Sun Jianying, executive deputy director of the airport operation team of the Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympics Organizing Committee, said that Beijing Capital International Airport is the only official port of entry for the Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympics, and international arrivals use T3— The independent closed terminal of D is used as the entry channel, and the international departure port uses the T3-C and T3-E Winter Olympics protection zone as the departure channel, and closed-loop management is implemented.

Through carrying out the airport arrival and departure guarantee carrying capacity assessment, recommendations for reasonable arrangements for the arrival and departure flight schedules were put forward, through measures such as adding nucleic acid sampling points, accelerating the progress of customs clearance, and accelerating the connection between the “airside” and the “landside”, etc. Arrange the flow of people, logistics, and vehicles in order to ensure the safety, smoothness and convenience of arrival and departure tasks.

  The steady and smooth production of civil aviation transportation is inseparable from the continuous improvement of operational support capabilities.

To this end, civil aviation administration and other departments have tapped the internal potential to reduce the impact of external factors such as inclement weather and other airspace user activities on flight operations, and intensified the optimization of busy airspace and air routes.

  It is understood that the North China Regional Administration of Civil Aviation of China organized special trainings for the weather differences between winter and spring and summer and autumn seasons, changes in flight intensive time periods, changes in operational difficulties, and measures to deal with special circumstances under extreme weather. Major trainings will be conducted on the large-scale waiting for flights and the shortage of fuel.

  "A major feature of winter flight operations is the need to carry out deicing operations. The tower control room has carried out special training on deicing and snow removal as planned, and carried out deicing and snow removal drills in conjunction with relevant work procedures, strengthening weaknesses, improving emergency plans, and completing the deicing The flight is released as soon as possible to avoid secondary deicing of the aircraft." said Jia Bing, deputy director of the Air Traffic Control Center of the North China Air Traffic Management Bureau.

  In the next step, airports in the civil aviation industry will actively seek support from local governments to improve the local operating environment.

The civil aviation industry will give full play to the functions of the national flow management system, strengthen the coordinated management of flight operations, strengthen the linkage of various departments, and do a good job in dealing with and handling extreme weather.

Activate domestic demand and tap the potential of the aviation market

  Data show that in 2019, my country's per capita air travel was only 0.47, far below the level of developed countries.

This also means that the domestic aviation market still has great potential to be tapped.

  Li Yanhua, director of the Civil Aviation Department of the School of Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, believes that the civil aviation industry is becoming an "air bridge" that activates the domestic economy and supports the development of the country's four major urban agglomerations.

Chongqing, Xi'an, Changsha, Ulanhot and other airports and local governments are actively innovating, exploring the development of new air-to-air and air-to-ground transfer models, popularizing and promoting through flights, benefiting passengers from remote areas, and activating the domestic market.

  At the same time, airlines, airports and other industry units have launched personalized, differentiated and targeted aviation service products based on diversified needs.

  Eastern Airlines further launched high-quality and personalized services, and successively launched a wide range of premium products in direct sales and distribution channels.

"I hope that aviation products can better meet the diversified needs of passengers and enhance the aviation travel experience." said Hu Yafen, Manager of Revenue Management Department of China Eastern Airlines Commercial Committee.

  China Southern Airlines has launched a series of special ticket products in line with the travel needs of passengers, such as the "Changyou China" product for leisure travel sources, the "Twin City Travel Product" for travellers visiting relatives and business travelers from other places, and the "Twin City Travel Products" for senior travelers to visit relatives together. Tourism's "elderly preferential products", etc., have further boosted the travel demand of the passenger transport market.

  In terms of air cargo, SF Airlines operations management expert Li Chaoming introduced that SF Airlines has successively opened 9 international cargo routes to support domestic manufacturing, cross-border e-commerce, and foreign trade companies to improve import and export logistics efficiency, expand overseas markets, and help build Independent and controllable international logistics supply chain.

Since May of this year, SF Airlines' "fruit route", "matsutake route" and "hairy crab route" have been opened intensively, providing strong logistics support for the recovery of fresh food e-commerce and the "three rural" industries during the epidemic.

Improve efficiency and expand the space for cost reduction and efficiency increase

  Improving the efficiency of resource allocation in the civil aviation industry is one of the important ways to expand the space for enterprises to reduce costs and increase efficiency.

  At present, the operations of various airlines are facing severe challenges. Especially since this year, the financing costs of all channels have increased by more than 1% compared with the same period last year. In addition, the oil price has been continuously high due to the influence of international environmental factors. In November this year, the comprehensive procurement of domestic jet fuel The cost has risen to 5,415 yuan per ton, and the operating costs of air transport companies continue to be under pressure.

  In order to help civil aviation enterprises to tide over the difficulties, the Civil Aviation Administration of this year launched a "package" of six policies to promote the recovery and development of civil aviation in an effort to promote the sustained and stable recovery of the industry.

  Qi Qi, associate professor of Guangzhou Civil Aviation Vocational and Technical College, believes that more policy flexibility should be given to civil aviation market entities.

It is difficult to "increasing revenue", but "saving expenditure" is the key to improving operational efficiency.

  In response to the idle capacity caused by the scheduled flight mode of air transportation, Li Yanhua suggested that economies of scale can be achieved by expanding the capacity of charter flights to meet the special needs of epidemic prevention and control.

Airlines should accurately grasp the characteristics of rigid demand for passenger travel under the epidemic, avoid vicious competition, and achieve group warming.

  It is reported that the Civil Aviation Administration will sort out relevant adjustment policies such as routes, timetables, traffic rights and capacity, and by improving the efficiency of resource allocation, the vitality of various production factors will be fully burst, and the industry will be better promoted to recover and develop.

  Qi Xianfeng, director of the Statistical Analysis Center of the Civil Aviation Administration of the China Academy of Civil Aviation Science and Technology, believes that the current difficulties encountered in civil aviation operations are objective and staged.

With the concerted efforts of the entire industry, the civil aviation industry has effectively contained the risk of the spread of the epidemic through aviation, the safe operation situation has remained generally stable, and the flight regularity rate has been maintained at a relatively high level.

  "It is estimated that the annual passenger traffic volume in 2021 will reach 450 million passengers, returning to about 70% in 2019, an increase of 7.7% compared to 2020, and freight transportation will basically return to the pre-epidemic level, an increase of 10.5% compared to 2020," said Qi Xianfeng. .