[Explanation] Recently, the State Council approved in principle the "National High-standard Farmland Construction Plan (2021-2030)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan").

The "Plan" puts forward the overall goals and tasks of high-standard farmland construction for a period of time to come.

On September 16, the State Council Information Office held a regular policy briefing to introduce the relevant situation.

  [Concurrent] Zhang Taolin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

  The "Plan" clarifies that by 2025, a total of 1.075 billion mu will be built and 105 million mu will be transformed and upgraded. In 2030, 1.2 billion mu will be built and 280 million mu of high-standard farmland will be built and upgraded; by 2035, the number and quality of high-standard farmland nationwide will be further improved. improve.

Concentrate on the construction of high-standard farmland that is concentrated, continuous, drought and flood protection, water-saving, high-efficiency, stable and high-yield, and eco-friendly, forming a batch of ration fields with "one-season per mu per thousand catties, two-season per mu per ton of grain" to further ensure national food security Basically, hold the job firmly in your own hands.

  [Explanation] High-standard farmland has the characteristics of high farmland quality, high output capacity, high disaster resistance, and high resource utilization efficiency.

By the end of 2020, China has completed the construction of 800 million mu of high-standard farmland, which has played an important supporting role in protecting farmers' enthusiasm for growing grain and ensuring that the national grain output is stable at more than 1.3 trillion catties for many years.

  [Concurrent] Guo Yongtian, Director of the Department of Farmland Construction Management, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

  High-standard farmland is concentrated and contiguous, the fields are flat, the scale is moderate, the infrastructure such as water, road and electricity is relatively complete, the land is relatively fertile, and it is suitable for modern agricultural production conditions.

After completion, the production capacity can generally be increased by 10% to 20%, which is about 100 kilograms of production capacity.

Due to the greatly improved facility conditions, it is possible to achieve a stable and high yield for irrigation due to drought and drainage from waterlogging. Major disasters will reduce production and small disasters will not reduce production. In general, more production will be increased during the year.

The effect of saving water, fertilizer, medicine and labor is very obvious, which greatly improves the efficiency of resource utilization.

  [Explanation] Zhang Taolin said that in the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will work with relevant departments to further increase scientific and technological support, strengthen capacity building, strengthen financial guarantees, and promote high-standard farmland construction and high-quality development.

  [Concurrent] Zhang Taolin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

  Increase the improvement of farmland disaster prevention, mitigation and disaster resistance capabilities, as well as the soil degradation in farmland, especially salinization and acidification (treatment), as well as the entire farmland quality (improvement), farmland information management and other key technical issues, and promote science and technology Transformation of achievements and scientific and technological demonstration work, vigorously introduce and popularize advanced and applicable engineering technology and equipment.

Establish and improve the punishment mechanism for the untrustworthiness of high-standard farmland construction institutions in accordance with laws and regulations.

On the one hand, we need to increase government investment in all regions.

At the same time, we must make full use of the market mechanism to coordinate and integrate relevant agriculture-related funds to ensure that the high-standard farmland construction funds are compatible with the construction tasks.

  Reporting from Beijing by reporter Lang Jiahui

Editor in charge: [Ji Xiang]