Author: Miao Qi
Up to now, the first half GDP data of 31 provinces have been released.
Compared with the national economic growth rate of 12.7% in the first half of the year, the GDP growth rate of 10 provinces outperformed the whole country, and the Yangtze River Delta region’s "semi-annual report" performed particularly well.
The GDP of Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui exceeded 13 trillion yuan, accounting for about a quarter of the country. At the same time, the growth rate of the four places outperformed or remained at the same level as the whole country.
“The national economic data in the first half of the year has made the world’s eyes shine brighter. The Yangtze River Delta region’s performance is particularly prominent, leading the country’s GDP growth.” Wei Jianguo, former vice minister of the Ministry of Commerce and vice chairman of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges, told a reporter from China Business News. The secret of high-quality development in the Triangle Region lies in "speeding up integration."
Wei Jianguo told China Business News that the economic development of the Yangtze River Delta region has several characteristics. First, the growth of urban GDP is sufficiently advanced. Among the top 10 cities in GDP, the Yangtze River Delta accounts for 4 cities, namely Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou and Nanjing. ; Among the top 20 cities, the Yangtze River Delta accounts for 8; among the top 50, the Yangtze River Delta has more finalists, with 24 cities accounting for almost half.
Shanghai is the only city in the country with a half-year GDP exceeding 2 trillion yuan. At the same time, it ranks first in the city list in terms of residents' disposable income, per capita consumption of residents, and attracting investment from multinational companies.
"In the first half of the year, the Yangtze River Delta accounted for the top five disposable income of residents in the country. Among them, the per capita disposable income of Shanghai residents exceeded 40,000 yuan (40,357 yuan), and Zhejiang and Jiangsu ranked third and fourth respectively." Wei Jianguo said that in terms of per capita consumption of residents, the Yangtze River Delta also occupies 3 of the top 5 in the country. Shanghai, in particular, ranked first with a total social consumption of nearly trillion in the first half of the year. The total social consumption increased by 30.3% year-on-year. The average annual consumption growth reached 7.6%.
In addition to the leading Shanghai, the three provinces also showed strong momentum: Jiangsu Province achieved a total GDP of 5,519.963 billion yuan in the first half of the year, ranking second in the country after Guangdong, with a year-on-year growth of 13.2% and an average growth rate of 6.9% in two years; Zhejiang in the first half of the year The total GDP reached 3,455.6 billion yuan, a growth rate of 13.4% leading the eastern region, with a two-year average growth rate of 6.8%; Anhui Province’s GDP growth rate in the first half of the year and the two-year average growth rate were 12.9% and 6.6%, respectively.
At the same time, the industrial structure of the four places has been continuously optimized and adjusted. While agricultural production and supply have grown steadily, the added value of industry and service industries have both increased by double digits, becoming the main driving force of economic growth.
At a press conference held by the Shanghai Municipal Government on July 21, Tang Huihao, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics, said in response to a reporter's question that the driving force behind economic growth was first of all that industrial production was better than expected and the service industry continued to recover steadily.
Among them, in the first half of the year, Shanghai’s industrial added value increased by 17.5%, contributing 31.6% to economic growth; Shanghai’s industrial output value increased by 91.4%.
In particular, strategic emerging industries lead industrial growth, the output value of new energy vehicles has increased by 2.5 times, and the output value of digital creativity has increased by 65.1%.
In the first half of the year, Shanghai's tertiary industry accounted for 75.0% of the total economy, and the consumer goods market continued to maintain rapid growth.
At the same time, foreign trade, which has performed well under the epidemic, has also become a major driving force for Shanghai's economic development.
Statistics show that in the first half of the year, Shanghai's actual foreign investment exceeded US$12 billion, an increase of 21.1%, and the two-year average growth rate reached 13.0%.
Among them, the actual foreign investment in the business service industry and high-tech service industry increased by 52.0% and 25.9% respectively.
In the first half of the year, Shanghai's imports and exports reached RMB 18,827.789 billion, an increase of 19.0%, of which imports increased by 25.4%.
As the mainland city attracting the most regional headquarters of multinational companies, Shanghai has newly identified 31 regional headquarters and 12 R&D centers for multinational companies in the first half of the year. As of the end of June, the total number had reached 802 and 493 respectively.
Jiangsu Province, which led the Yangtze River Delta in terms of GDP in the first half of the year, added value of the secondary industry to 2,431.712 billion yuan in the first half of the year, a year-on-year increase of 16.5%, and an average growth rate of 7.8% in two years; The average increase was 6.4%.
In the first half of the year, the added value of Jiangsu's regulated industries increased by 21.5% year-on-year, and the two-year average growth rate was 10.8%, which was better than the level of the same period in 2019.
In terms of different industries, 38 of the 40 major industrial sectors in the province have increased their value added year-on-year, with an increase of 95%.
Among them, the added value of general equipment manufacturing, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, computer communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing, and special equipment manufacturing increased rapidly, increasing by 30.1%, 32.8%, 23.7%, and 27.2% respectively.
At the same time, the added value of information transmission software and information technology service industry, residential service repair and other service industries increased by 17.3% and 17.1% respectively.
In the first half of the year, Zhejiang Province's GDP growth rate led the eastern province. In the first half of the year, the added value of the secondary industry was 853.41 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.2%, an average increase of 7.3% in two years; the added value of the tertiary industry was 1,077.55 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.4%. The average increase was 6.2%.
Wang Meifu, chief statistician of the Zhejiang Provincial Bureau of Statistics, said at a press conference on Zhejiang’s economic performance in the first half of July at the end of July that Zhejiang’s various economic indicators showed a stable "big market", increased growth momentum, continuous improvement in factor efficiency, and a good balance of development. And other features.
In the first half of the year, Zhejiang's industrial added value increased by 17.6%, driving GDP growth by 6.1 percentage points; the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size was 946.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 20.8%, an average increase of 10.1% over the two years.
At the same time, as one of Zhejiang’s golden business cards, the digital economy leads the growth: the core industries of the digital economy achieved an added value of 396 billion yuan in the first half of the year, an increase of 17.6%, accounting for 11.5% of GDP, an increase of 1.5 percentage points over the same period last year.
Anhui Province is full of stamina. In the first half of the year, the added value of the secondary industry was 853.41 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.2%, and an average increase of 7.3% in two years; the added value of the tertiary industry was 1077.55 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4% year-on-year, and an average increase of 6.2% in two years.
In the first half of the year, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size in Anhui Province increased by 17.3% year-on-year, and the two-year average growth rate was 9.4%.
The added value of high-tech manufacturing industry increased by 37.9%, 20.6 percentage points higher than that of all industries, and its proportion increased from 11.5% in the same period last year to 13.2%.
The output value of strategic emerging industries increased by 36.2%, 10.3 percentage points higher than that of all industries, and their proportion increased from 38.8% to 42%.
Among the main product output, automobiles increased by 72.6%, solar cells increased by 53.2%, integrated circuits increased by 51.3%, microcomputers increased by 43.2%, and steel products increased by 22.9%.
The secret behind
The secret behind
"The secret of high-quality economic development in the Yangtze River Delta is to accelerate the progress of integration."
Wei Jianguo pointed out that this is manifested in several aspects: first, the construction of a high-level opening-up system and platform in the Yangtze River Delta has been accelerated; second, the Yangtze River Delta has led the country in terms of digital economy, including smart cities, mobile payments and Yima Popular health care and other fields; third, in terms of talent circulation and application, the Yangtze River Delta has begun to realize the development of urban clusters, whether it is high-tech, new materials or new processes, or medicine, health and artificial intelligence. The efficiency and attractiveness of the flow of talents are increasing. Fourth, the development momentum of the Yangtze River Delta region is shifting from a dividend of production factors to an institutional dividend. The local area will also adopt institutional innovation and introduce more policies to support the development of the Yangtze River Delta's integration.
Finally, cities in the Yangtze River Delta have also made a gratifying step in avoiding homogeneous competition.
“These cities have adopted complementary advantages in the future development of innovative development, transformation of kinetic energy, new technologies, new materials and new processes. Only in the first half of the Yangtze River Delta region’s economic development has been so prominent.” Wei Jianguo said, “The future of the region There will be greater progress in this area, and the potential will also be greater."
Zeng Gang, dean of the Urban Development Research Institute of East China Normal University, attributed the reasons for the bright economy of the Yangtze River Delta to three points, one of which is also the development of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta.
Zeng Gang told China Business News that in recent years, the development of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta has had a good impact on the efficiency of transportation connections between the three provinces and one city, production factors, capital allocation and flow, and industrial investment coordination. .
Second, the external market's demand for China has increased significantly under the global epidemic, and China's eastern coastal areas have been the most affected.
In addition, benefiting from many supporting policies such as the construction of the Hongqiao International Open Hub and Zhejiang's high-quality development and construction of a common prosperity demonstration zone, the linkage development of the Yangtze River Delta region has also given lasting impetus.
"The atmosphere in the Yangtze River Delta has always been an open and tolerant culture." Zeng Gang believes that these have given the Yangtze River Delta with a developed private economy the potential for continuous growth and will continue to play a role in the "big changes unseen in a century". The more critical the role of the engine.Keywords: