(Economic Observation) What is Pudong's responsibility to create a new highland of independent innovation?

  China News Service, Beijing, July 16 (Wang Enbo, Mei Yunqiu) "Strengthen the innovation engine and create a new highland of independent innovation." This is one of the latest goals set by the Chinese government for Pudong.

The picture shows the night view of Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, which is beautifully illuminated by aerial photography in 2020.

  The "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Supporting the High-Level Reform and Opening up of Pudong New Area to Build a Leading Area for Socialist Modernization" (the "Opinions") was announced recently. Claim.

Why does Pudong carry this important task?

Where is the "high" of this new highland?

  Zhang Yansheng, chief researcher of the China International Economic Exchange Center, pointed out to a reporter from China News Agency that Pudong has an inherent location advantage, and the Yangtze River Delta where it is located is the most developed place in China in all respects.

In particular, Shanghai is a "cornucopia", which will become a world-class source of new kinetic energy and innovation trends in the future.

Pudong has gathered high-end talents, high-end business formats, and high-end institutions. It is very suitable to build a self-reliant and independent innovation demonstration zone here.

  "Pudong is the leader of national innovation." Wang Zhen, deputy dean of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out in an interview with a reporter from China News Agency that here is the Zhangjiang Comprehensive National Science Center, and it also has the superimposed advantages of basic research and applied research, and has reforms. Open pioneers, innovative industry clusters, and industrial chain innovation chain integration have superimposed advantages.

  Focusing on the aforementioned goals, the "Opinions" proposed to "accelerate research and development of key technologies" in Pudong.

For example, accelerate the construction of Zhangjiang Comprehensive National Science Center, focus on integrated circuits, life sciences, artificial intelligence and other fields, accelerate the construction of national laboratories, and deploy and build a number of national engineering research centers, national technology innovation centers, and national clinical medical research centers And other national scientific and technological innovation bases.

  Ni Pengfei, director of the Center for Urban and Competitiveness Research of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with a reporter from China News Agency that Pudong has more prominent advantages than other regions in accelerating the research and development of key technologies, which are concentrated in four aspects:

  The first is the advantage of scientific and technological resources, and there are many large institutes in Shanghai; the second is the advantage of talent gathering, Shanghai’s superior environment has and will continue to gather the top scientific research talents in China and even the world; the third is the capital advantage, Shanghai’s capital market is developed, and financing is convenient. The cost is low; the fourth is the advantage of industrialization. The Shanghai Zhangjiang technology industry cluster has been formed, which is conducive to driving key technological innovation from the demand level.

  In fact, Shanghai has always spared no effort to build an "City of Innovation", and building a world-class innovation industry cluster is an indispensable part of it.

The "Opinions" also made requirements for Pudong in this regard, and introduced a number of powerful supporting preferential measures.

  Including, on the basis of summarizing the implementation experience of the Lingang New Area of ​​the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, research on the production and R&D of core links in key areas such as integrated circuits, artificial intelligence, biomedicine, and civil aviation in specific areas of Pudong that meet the requirements The enterprise income tax shall be levied at a reduced tax rate of 15% within 5 years from the date of establishment.

  Yu Miaojie, Secretary of the Party Committee of the National Development Research Institute of Peking University and a distinguished professor of Changjiang Scholars, pointed out to a reporter from China News Agency that in terms of building a world-class innovative industrial cluster, the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone has previously accumulated some experience. A lot of work has been done to implement the pre-access national treatment plus the negative list, and even carry out industrial agglomeration, achieve "first-line liberalization, second-line management", and promote trade liberalization and investment facilitation.

  In addition, Shanghai's own industrial foundation is relatively good, and industries such as machinery and equipment, electronic machinery, and IT have already formed agglomeration. Yu Miaojie believes that "this has a very solid support for the next step of innovation. It can be said that it is a source of water and a tree of roots. "

  To create a new highland of innovation, not only the supporting policies must be "high-standard", but also a "high-efficiency" system and mechanism.

  The "Opinions" require deepening the reform of the scientific and technological innovation system.

Among them, the exploration of major scientific and technological infrastructure construction and operational investment mechanisms involving the participation of central fiscal funds, local funds, and social capital has attracted attention.

  Zhang Yansheng believes that to deepen relevant reforms, we must not only respect the laws, common sense and logic of scientific research, but also respect talents, but also form an effective system, so as to gather, train and retain a group of world-class talents and build a world-class talent. Innovation chain, cultivate and form modern financial and multi-level market professional services and other high-end services, and create a better environmental ecology for scientific and technological innovation.

  According to Tian Lihui, Dean of the Financial Development Research Institute of Nankai University, Pudong has successfully deepened the reform of the scientific and technological innovation system and will become a leader in the reform of China's scientific and technological innovation system, forming a strong spillover effect, and driving the improvement of scientific and technological innovation capabilities in all regions of the country.