A new round of agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy introduced

  The upgrading of agricultural mechanization has new impetus (policy interpretation)

  The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Finance recently jointly issued the "Guiding Opinions on the Implementation of Agricultural Machinery Purchase Subsidies for 2021-2023" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions").

What changes will the new round of subsidy policies usher in?

How to arrange the landing of funds?

The person in charge gave an in-depth interpretation.

 The comprehensive mechanization rate of the cultivation and harvest of the main crops has exceeded 80%

  Agricultural machinery purchase subsidies are an important policy of strengthening farmers and benefiting farmers.

Since the introduction of the policy in 2004, the intensity of support has gradually increased, the scope of benefits has been continuously expanded, and the policy effects have continued to appear.

As of the end of 2020, the central government has invested a total of 239.2 billion yuan to support more than 38 million farmers and agricultural production and operation organizations to purchase more than 48 million units (sets) of various agricultural machinery.

  "The implementation of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy has supported and promoted the substantial improvement of my country's agricultural machinery equipment level and agricultural mechanization level, and provided strong support for enhancing the comprehensive agricultural production capacity, ensuring national food security, and increasing farmers' income." Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs The person in charge said.

  Promote the rapid development of agricultural mechanization.

In 2020, the total power of agricultural machinery nationwide will be 1.03 billion kilowatts, and the number of agricultural machinery inhabited will be 204 million units (sets), an increase of 72% and 63% respectively over 2003.

The comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting nationwide was 71%, an increase of 39 percentage points from 2003. Among them, the comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting of major crops such as wheat, rice, and corn has exceeded 80%.

  Promote the development and growth of the agricultural machinery industry.

In 2020, there will be 1,615 agricultural machinery enterprises above designated size across the country, realizing main business income of 253.3 billion yuan, an increase of 10% and 236% respectively over 2003.

my country has become the world's largest country in the manufacture and use of agricultural machinery.

  Speed ​​up the development of agricultural productive services.

In 2020, there will be 194,600 agricultural machinery service organizations nationwide, of which 78,900 are agricultural machinery cooperatives, accounting for more than 40%; there are 40.08 million agricultural machinery households, of which 4.232 million are specialized in agricultural machinery operation services; the income of agricultural machinery operation services will reach 354 billion yuan, compared with 2003 An annual increase of 80%.

The socialized service of agricultural machinery has played an important role as a bridge in promoting the organic connection between small farmers and the development of modern agriculture.

  Subsidy standards have risen and fallen to support the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment

  According to reports, the new round of subsidy policies has made appropriate adjustments in terms of scope and standards, guiding farmers to purchase and use advanced and applicable agricultural machinery, promoting the transformation and upgrading of agricultural mechanization to a full-scale, high-quality and efficient transformation, and accelerating the modernization of the agricultural mechanization industrial chain.

  In terms of the scope of subsidies, focus on stabilizing production and supply.

The scope of the new round of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies has been adjusted and expanded to 15 categories, 44 sub-categories, and 172 items, which basically cover the main machinery and equipment required for the entire mechanized production of important livestock and poultry products such as grains and other major crops.

Among them, the emphasis has been on increasing the categories of machinery and tools for agricultural production, animal husbandry and aquaculture in hilly and mountainous areas, primary processing of agricultural products, and support for green development and digital construction of agriculture.

  In terms of subsidy standards, “increases and decreases” are highlighted.

In general, we will continue to implement fixed-rate subsidies, and determine the subsidy amount of each grade based on the average market sales price of the same grade product in the previous year at a ratio of no more than 30%, and the subsidy amount for general-purpose equipment does not exceed the maximum subsidy amount issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.

Increase the equipment needed for weak links in grain production such as rice transplanting (throwing) rice transplanters, heavy no-tillage planters, and corn kernel harvesters in key areas. The development of characteristic agriculture in hilly and mountainous areas urgently needs equipment and the estimated subsidy ratio of high-end, duplex, and intelligent agricultural machinery products .

  The "Opinions" clarified that all provinces focus on improving the weak links of grain production and the level of agricultural mechanization in hilly and mountainous areas, supporting and guiding farmers to purchase and use high-end, intelligent agricultural machinery products, and can choose products of no more than 10 items or products of different grades in the same item. The estimated subsidy ratio is 35%, and the subsidy for general-purpose machines can be higher than the maximum subsidy of the corresponding level of central fiscal funds within a range of 20%.

  At the same time, the "Opinions" require that provinces select areas or grades of machinery and equipment such as wheeled tractors that are obviously excessive and relatively backward in technology, and their subsidy standards should be reduced, and the estimated subsidy ratio should be reduced to less than 15% by 2023. , Promote the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery equipment and structural optimization.

  The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Finance uniformly formulate and publish the main classification parameters of each machine tool product within the scope of the national subsidy, and each province optimizes the parameters and increases the classification on this basis.

At the same time, it is clear that when the subsidy product information table is published, the subsidy amount of specific products will not be announced, strengthen the autonomy of buyers in bargaining, encourage full competition in the market, prevent some enterprises from pricing according to the subsidy amount, and maintain market fairness.

This year, the central government has allocated 19 billion yuan in subsidies

  According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance, the central government will arrange 19 billion yuan in subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery in 2021, an increase of 2 billion yuan over 2020. The first batch of 14.248 billion yuan has been distributed to provinces in advance.

  The "Opinions" clarified that the central government's agricultural machinery purchase subsidy funds are mainly used to purchase advanced and applicable agricultural machinery, as well as to carry out related trials and agricultural machinery scrapping and updating.

For some provinces with conditions and willingness, we will carry out a pilot program of comprehensive subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery. Fund expenditures can include operating subsidies, loan discounts, financial lease subsidies, etc., and explore a comprehensive support policy system for agricultural mechanization that uses multiple policy tools.

  At the same time, the "Opinions" require provincial finance to arrange subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery in accordance with the law.

Taking into account the actual and regional differences in agricultural development, as well as the supply and demand of fiscal funds, local governments at all levels are encouraged to arrange funds, giving priority to subsidies for machinery and equipment needed for the development of local agriculture and for small areas, and mutual funds with the central government. In order to supplement, better exert the superimposed effect of central and local fiscal funds.

  Focusing on the vital interests of farmers and agricultural machinery manufacturers, the "Opinions" proposes full implementation of continuous implementation across the year, full use of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy equipment independent investment platform, full implementation of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy application processing service system, and continuous opening all year round, full implementation of subsidy benefit information, The progress of the use of funds is disclosed in real time, and specific measures such as the review of subsidy applications and the time-limited processing of funds redemption are fully implemented.

  Our reporter Yu Jingxian Qu Zhehan

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