Many parts of the country have announced the suspension of transportation, and the curtain of public bicycles has come to a close?

  The body is red and white, the vouchers are used for card rides, and they are stored and accessed through fixed piles... In the past 10 years of development, the city has nearly 120,000 vehicles, nearly 4,000 outlets, and more than 1 million users of Beijing public bicycles. Fade out of public view.

  Since March of this year, Beijing Dongcheng, Chaoyang, Haidian and other central urban areas have announced the suspension of public bicycles.

Some suburban new cities also announced the suspension of vehicles to explore market-oriented operation.

The reporter found that a large number of public bicycles in Beijing have been recycled and parking piles are being removed. Users should pay attention to the procedures for refunding deposits.

  Some users in Beijing feel uncomfortable with the sudden suspension of vehicles.

Some users also expressed doubts. At the end of last year, Beijing's Miyun District was still adding new vehicle outlets. Why did the territorial government start soliciting opinions on the suspension in March this year?

  In April this year, Hohhot also announced the suspension of vehicles.

At present, the public bicycle parking piles are all vacant in the city's railway stations, large shopping malls and other crowded places.

  According to statistics from professional websites, according to statistics from professional websites, there are about 470 cities operating and maintaining public bicycles in the world, according to Huang Bin, a senior engineer of Beijing Urban Planning and Design Institute.

China ranks first in the world in terms of the number of outlets, the number of trucks, and the number of vehicles used, and the scale and level of development are at the forefront of the world.

  However, since this year, Jincheng in Shanxi, Cuiping in Yibin, Sichuan have also announced the suspension of vehicles; as early as a few years ago, Wuhan and Guangzhou had been suspended, and Wuhan was also the first city in the country to put vehicles on a citywide scale.

Behind the outage, there are "internal and external disturbances"

  In recent years, public bicycles have played an important role in alleviating urban congestion and satisfying people's short-distance travel.

What happened to the public bicycles from the time when it was difficult to find a car, to the "low-key departure" now?

  Based on the information publicized by the Beijing Multi-District Urban Management Committee, the delisting of public bicycles in Beijing is related to the cancellation of subsidies for the operation and maintenance of public bicycles by the Beijing finance after December 31, 2020; Hohhot City Ring Taxi Service Co., Ltd. stated that it was decided after careful study "Retire" the city's public bicycle transportation system project to give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation.

  Many experts and business figures believe that the "wave goodbye" of public bicycles in many places has a precursor, and its sustainable development is facing "internal and external disturbance" for a long time.

  The outlets have fewer truck piles, fewer vehicles put in, and the registration process is complicated, and the convenience is compromised.

According to Gai Chunying, deputy director of the Transportation Planning Institute of Beijing Urban Planning and Design Institute, public bicycles are mostly funded by the government. The starting point is to guide the public to make green travel and meet part of the use needs under the premise of easy management.

Therefore, most public bicycles have pile access and require user credentials to register on-site, and the scale has not developed too much.

  The operation and maintenance of vehicles and truck piles are insufficient, and the operation and management capabilities need to be improved.

The person in charge of a public bicycle company in Beijing said that users often report problems such as broken cars and piles, unavailable or not up-to-date cars. The company's operation and maintenance manpower is seriously insufficient, and there is no basis for the withdrawal of vehicles.

"Our car was very popular when it was first launched, and the vehicle was worn out quickly. After 5 years of design life, it was discovered that it was a government asset without a special basis for scrapping. Later, the model was discontinued, and repair parts were no longer found." He said.

  Bian Yang, an associate professor at the School of Urban Transportation, Beijing University of Technology, said that in many places, although the service capacity of public bicycles has continued to improve, their own problems have not been solved well.

With the participation of shared bicycles in competition, the competitiveness of the public bicycle market has weakened.

  Research by Huang Bin and others found that in 2017 and 2018, the number of shared bicycles in Beijing's central urban area was more than 10 times that of public bicycles, and the partial substitution effect appeared.

  The reporter learned that under the influence of "internal and external disturbances", public bicycle users in many places began to withdraw their cards, and the management department reduced the introduction of new cars.

In order to cope with the decline, many cities have tried market-oriented operation of public bicycles, but due to long-term dependence on financial subsidies, their own "blood-making" ability is weak.

In the end, some cities decided to "follow the trend" and let public bicycles withdraw from the "historical stage".

Who meets the "last mile" travel needs?

  The first hour of riding is free, vehicles have piles of storage and access, and travel safety is guaranteed... Public bicycles also have obvious advantages.

Where is the future and what enlightenment does it leave us?

  Bian Yang believes that for cities that choose to shut down public bicycle services, they should seriously deal with issues such as refunds, asset disposal, and connectivity of people's travel needs.

For cities that are still in operation and maintenance, it is necessary to scientifically and timely formulate a path for continued vehicle development or orderly exit based on local actual needs.

  Qu Ye, secretary general of the Slow Traffic Branch of the China Urban Public Transport Association, believes that the phenomenon of delisting vehicles in many places reminds government departments and enterprises to strengthen refined operations and take the path of innovative development.

Through the establishment of rewards and punishments and dynamic quota operation mechanisms, the original single development model of administrative management has been gradually broken.

  Some experts said that it is still necessary to develop public bicycles in some areas.

Gai Chunying said that, for example, the public bicycles in the new suburbs of Beijing are relatively less impacted by shared bicycles, and there is still room for development.

The government should also prudently study and judge whether all residents’ “last mile” travel needs will be handed over to bike-sharing companies to meet.

  "Shared bicycles are fully market-oriented investment and operation, and the purpose is to maximize economic benefits. The operating cost of shared bicycles is high, and it is difficult to maintain a low fee policy for a long time. The current cycling costs have increased in price, and it is not ruled out that future price increases may continue. . And public bicycles, as a public welfare transportation facility, have the advantage of providing high-quality, economical, and equalized services for a long time." She said.

  The reporter learned that after continuous exploration, public bicycles in Nanjing, Hangzhou and other places are currently running smoothly. Enterprises have launched services such as "deposit-free car rental" and "scan code riding" to promote the integrated development of public bicycles and shared bicycles.

An official from Nanjing Public Bicycle Company said that in 2020, the average daily usage of vehicles in the city will reach 80,000, with a slight increase in the first few months of 2021 compared to the same period last year.

  Qu Ye said that the suspension of public bicycles in many places also reminded government departments to strengthen the top-level design of public service projects.

"In areas where the market mechanism can play more roles, the government can encourage social capital to provide high-quality public service products and focus on daily supervision. When the market'failure', the government must also have the awareness of'replacement' At the same time, it focuses on applying new technologies, improving user experience, and giving public products continuous vigor and vitality."