Chinanews.com, May 8. According to the website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the National Bureau of Rural Development have recently jointly issued the "Guidelines for Social Capital Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas (2021)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Guidelines").
Among them, 13 key industries and areas that encourage social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas are clarified, including modern planting and breeding, and industries that enrich the people in rural areas.
Data map: Farmers use harvesters to harvest wheat.
Photo by Zong Ying
In terms of basic principles, the "Guidelines" propose to respect the dominant status of farmers.
Fully respect the wishes of farmers, give full play to the main role of farmers in rural revitalization, guide social capital and farmers to establish a close interest linkage mechanism, and continuously enhance the people's sense of gain.
Support social capital to expand business in accordance with laws and regulations, focus on cooperation and win-win, run more industries that farmers "cannot do, do not do well, do not cost-effective", and leave more profits in the countryside; do more with long chains and high farmers' participation , Industries with a wide range of benefits, leaving more jobs for farmers; more businesses that consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, help farmers and lead farmers, and promote the simultaneous development of rural areas and the simultaneous progress of farmers.
Follow the laws of the market.
Give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, better play the role of the government, guide social capital to inject modern production elements such as talents, technology, and management into agricultural and rural areas, and accelerate the establishment of a modern agricultural industrial system, production system, and management system.
Adhere to the reform direction of "decentralization, regulation and service", establish and improve supervision and risk prevention mechanisms, create a fair and competitive market environment, policy environment, and rule of law environment, reduce institutional transaction costs, create good and stable market expectations, and attract social capital to enter the agricultural and rural areas field.
Persist in pioneering and innovating.
Encourage social capital to cooperate with governments and financial institutions, give full play to the advantages of social capital marketization and specialization, accelerate the innovative application of investment and financing models, open up more effective paths for social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas, and explore more typical models.
Effectively tap the investment potential of rural services, broaden social capital investment channels, maintain steady growth in agricultural and rural investment, cultivate new drivers of economic development, and enhance the endogenous driving force of economic growth.
In terms of the key industries and fields that encourage investment, the "Guidelines" are clear, benchmarking the goals and tasks of comprehensively promoting rural revitalization and accelerating agricultural and rural modernization, based on the new requirements of the current agricultural and rural situations, and focusing on the key areas of agricultural supply-side structural reform and rural construction , The key link, to promote the transformation and upgrading of the agricultural and rural economy.
(1) Modern planting and breeding industry.
Support social capital to develop scale, standardization, branding, and green planting and breeding, promote variety cultivation, quality improvement, brand building and standardized production, and help improve the supply and security capabilities of food and important agricultural products.
Consolidate the production of grain, cotton, oil, sugar gum in the main producing areas, vigorously develop facility agriculture, extend and expand the industrial chain, and increase the supply of green and high-quality products.
Encourage social capital to vigorously develop forage production such as silage corn, high-yield and high-quality alfalfa, and develop herbivorous animal husbandry.
Support social capital to accelerate the construction of a modern breeding system, rationally deploy large-scale breeding farms, stabilize the basic production capacity of pigs, increase investment in pig deep processing, accelerate the formation of an industrial layout that matches breeding and slaughter processing, and improve a long-term mechanism for the stable and orderly development of the pig industry; Actively develop the cattle and sheep industry, increase the stock of basic female livestock; steadily promote the development of poultry meat and other industries, and increase the overall supply of the meat market.
Encourage social capital to build high-quality milk source bases, upgrade and transform small and medium-sized dairy farms, and expand and strengthen the national dairy industry.
Encourage social capital to develop green and healthy aquaculture, carry out intensive, factory-based circulating aquaculture, integrated rice and fish farming, large-water ecological aquaculture, saline-alkali water aquaculture, and deep-sea intelligent cage aquaculture, and promote large-scale intelligent ocean pastures and deep-sea oceans The construction of chemical aquaculture fisheries has increased investment in deep-sea fisheries.
(2) Modern seed industry.
Encourage social capital to invest in innovative seed industry enterprises, promote the in-depth integration of science and technology enterprises, support leading enterprises in the seed industry to improve their commercial breeding systems, enhance commercial breeding innovation capabilities, and enhance the international competitiveness of my country's seed industry.
Guide social capital to participate in the improvement of independent innovation capabilities of the modern seed industry, strengthen capacity building such as the preservation and utilization of germplasm resources, breeding innovation, variety testing and demonstration, and breeding of improved varieties, promote the integrated development of breeding, reproduction and promotion, and establish a modern seed industry system.
On the basis of respecting science and strict supervision, social capital is encouraged to actively participate in the industrial application of biological breeding.
Innovatively promote the "leading enterprise + superior base" model, support social capital to participate in the construction of national southern breeding bases, promote the construction and upgrade of national seed production bases in Gansu and Sichuan, and accelerate the construction of large seed production counties and regional good breeding bases.
Encourage social capital to invest in the construction of livestock, poultry and aquatic products conservation breeding farms (protected areas), national breeding farms, breed testing stations, and breeding livestock and poultry farms to improve the development level of the livestock and aquatic breeding industry.
(3) Enriching the people's industries in rural areas.
Encourage social capital to develop characteristic agricultural and rural resources, actively participate in the construction of modern agricultural industrial parks, strong agricultural industrial towns, advantageous characteristic industrial clusters, develop advantageous areas of characteristic agricultural products, and develop green agricultural products, organic agricultural products, and agricultural products with geographical indications.
Develop "One Village, One Product", "One Town, One Specialty", "One County, One Industry", build standardized production bases, intensive processing bases, warehousing and logistics bases, and improve scientific and technological support systems, production service systems, brand and marketing systems, and quality control System, establish a construction and operation mechanism with close linkage of interests.
Develop rural handicrafts with ethnic, cultural and regional characteristics in accordance with local conditions, and develop a number of family factories, handicraft workshops, and rural workshops.
Accelerate the cultivation of agricultural brands, strengthen brand marketing and promotion, encourage social capital to support the construction of regional public brands, and create a batch of "tuzihao" and "xiangzihao" characteristic product brands and agricultural enterprise brands with market competitiveness.
Support social capital to invest in the construction of standardized rural factories and production workshops, and develop rural industries such as specialty food, manufacturing, handicrafts, and green building materials.
(4) Agricultural products processing and circulation industry.
Encourage social capital to participate in the development of agricultural products processing industry in main grain producing areas and characteristic agricultural products advantage areas, promote the coordinated development of primary processing, deep processing and comprehensive utilization of by-products, improve the mechanization and standardization of the industry, and help build a batch of deep processing bases and processing of agricultural products Qiang County.
Coordinate the construction of agricultural product production areas, distribution centers, and wholesale markets, and encourage social capital to participate in the construction of national-level agricultural product production areas professional markets and field markets.
Encourage social capital to work with family farms and farmer cooperatives to jointly develop a cold chain logistics system for warehousing and preservation of agricultural products, build a batch of storage and preservation, grading packaging, cold chain distribution and other facilities and equipment, as well as small-scale warehousing and preservation cold chain facilities, and encourage construction in places where conditions permit The low-temperature direct sales distribution center in the origin will improve the efficiency and quality of cold chain logistics services, create logistics nodes for agricultural products, and develop new types of circulation that connect production and sales such as agricultural supermarkets, agricultural cooperatives, agricultural enterprises, and agricultural schools.
(5) New rural service industry.
Encourage social capital to develop industries such as leisure agriculture, rural tourism, catering and homestays, creative agriculture, farming experience, and health care bases, and fully explore various resource advantages such as agricultural and rural ecology and culture, and create a batch of well-equipped facilities, diversified functions, and standardized services. Rural leisure tourism destination.
Guide social capital to develop rural characteristic cultural industries, promote the integrated development of agricultural, commercial, cultural and tourism sports, tap and utilize agricultural cultural heritage resources, build agricultural theme museums, village history museums, and inherit agricultural handicrafts, folk arts, and folk festivals.
Support social capital to develop agricultural production trust services, provide market information, agricultural technology promotion, agricultural material supply, unified defense and governance, deep soil preparation, agricultural product marketing and other social services, build a batch of agricultural technology service enterprises and service-oriented farmers’ cooperatives, and promote Introduce advanced and applicable varieties, inputs, technologies and equipment to small farmers.
Encourage social capital to transform traditional small businesses, small stores, small markets and other commercial outlets to meet the consumption upgrade needs of rural residents. Actively develop wholesale and retail, elderly care, childcare, cultural education, environmental sanitation and other life-related service industries, and develop online and offline phases. The integrated service outlets promote the development of convenience, refinement and quality, and provide convenient and thoughtful services to rural residents.
(6) Ecological circular agriculture.
Encourage social capital to actively participate in agricultural and rural emissions reduction and carbon sequestration.
Support social capital to participate in the pilot green planting and breeding cycle agriculture, resource utilization of livestock and poultry manure, comprehensive utilization of straw, recycling of agricultural film and pesticide packaging, harmless treatment of sick and dead livestock and poultry, recycling and reuse of discarded fishing nets, and increasing collection Investment in storage, transportation and processing systems.
Encourage social capital to invest in the development and utilization of rural renewable energy, increase investment in the comprehensive construction of rural energy, promote rural renewable energy utilization technologies, explore new technologies for heating and heating by direct burning of straw bundling and molding fuels, and biogas and bio-natural gas for heating and heating. mode.
Support social capital to participate in the ecological protection of the Yangtze and Yellow River basins, the protection of black soil in the Northeast, the treatment of agricultural non-point source pollution, and the treatment and restoration of heavy metal polluted farmland.
(7) Agricultural technological innovation.
Encourage social capital to establish agricultural science and technology innovation enterprises, participate in key agricultural key technology research, and carry out research and development innovation in the fields of biological seed industry, high-end intelligent and hilly and mountainous agricultural machinery, fishery equipment, green inputs, environmental protection fishing gear, and new materials such as glass steel fishing boats. Achievement transformation and technical services.
Encourage social capital to take the lead in the construction of scientific and technological innovation platform bases such as the State Key Laboratory in the agricultural field, participate in the construction of the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Alliance, the National Modern Agricultural Industry Science and Technology Innovation Center, etc., promote the deep integration of industry, university, research and use, and create a technology-enterprise integrated innovation consortium.
Guide social capital to develop technology trading markets and technology service institutions, provide services for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, and accelerate the integration, innovation, and popularization and application of advanced and practical technologies.
(8) Training of agricultural and rural talents.
Support social capital to participate in the cultivation of agricultural production and operation talents, rural secondary and tertiary industry development talents, rural public service talents, rural governance talents, agricultural and rural scientific and technological talents, rural infrastructure construction and management and protection talents.
Encourage social capital to build training bases based on raw material bases, industrial parks, etc., and build rural talent incubation bases based on the advantages of information, technology, brand, and capital.
Encourage social capital to provide rewards, funding, technical support, and management services for outstanding agricultural and rural talents to promote the emergence of agricultural and rural talents.
(9) Agriculture and rural infrastructure construction.
Support social capital to participate in high-standard farmland construction, farmland water conservancy construction, rural resource roads, industrial roads, tourist roads and main village roads, farmland in hilly and mountainous areas, mechanized transformation, large-scale water supply project construction and small-scale project standardization transformation, and rural construction The gas storage tank station and the micro-pipe network gas supply system promote the implementation of regional overall construction, promote the comprehensive supporting of fields, water, forests, and roads, and simultaneously develop high-efficiency water-saving irrigation.
Encourage participation in the construction of fishing ports and sheltered anchorages.
(10) The construction of smart agriculture.
Encourage social capital to participate in the construction of smart agriculture, promote agricultural remote sensing, Internet of Things, 5G, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other applications, promote the in-depth integration of new-generation information technology with agricultural production and operation, quality and safety control, and improve the intelligentization of agricultural production and operation network化 level.
Encourage participation in the construction of agricultural and rural big data, basic data resource systems and the construction of big data centers for the entire industrial chain of important agricultural products.
Provide information services for new agricultural business entities and small farmers.
Encourage participation in the construction of information infrastructure in rural areas, and improve the informatization level of rural governance and social and cultural services.
Encourage participation in the construction of the "Internet +" agricultural products leaving the village and entering the city, promote the online sales of high-quality and characteristic agricultural products, and promote the production and marketing of agricultural products.
(11) Rural entrepreneurship and innovation.
Encourage social capital to invest in the construction of platform carriers such as return-home business parks, rural entrepreneurial innovation parks, and incubation training bases, strengthen the infrastructure and service system construction of various platform carriers, promote industry-university-research cooperation, and stimulate the vitality of rural entrepreneurship and innovation.
Encourage social capital to cooperate with ordinary colleges and universities, vocational colleges, high-quality education and training institutions, etc. to carry out entrepreneurial ability, industrial technology, and operation management training for rural entrepreneurial innovation leaders, and build a collaborative innovation base for industry, university, research and application.
(12) Renovation of rural human settlements.
Support social capital to participate in the five-year action to improve the rural human settlement environment.
Encourage social capital to participate in the construction and operation of projects such as the rural toilet revolution, rural domestic waste treatment, and rural domestic sewage treatment, improve the collection, transportation and disposal system of rural domestic waste, and build a batch of comprehensive organic waste disposal and utilization facilities.
Encourage social capital to participate in village cleaning and greening operations.
Promote the organic integration of the improvement of rural human settlements and the development of rural leisure tourism.
(13) Foreign cooperation in agriculture.
Encourage social capital to participate in overseas agricultural investment cooperation, invest and operate grain, cotton, oil, sugar, rubber, livestock, fish and other production, processing, storage and logistics projects in the "Belt and Road" countries, build overseas agricultural cooperation parks, and domestic agricultural production Form a beneficial supplement; participate in the export of agricultural services, integrate relevant agricultural production factors, provide integrated solutions for problems, and drive production capacity in the fields of agricultural materials, agricultural machinery, and agricultural products processing; participate in the high-quality development base of agricultural international trade and open agriculture to the outside world The construction of cooperation pilot zones, etc., innovate agricultural economic and trade cooperation models, dock relevant rules and standards, cultivate export agricultural products brands, build international marketing and promotion networks, and cultivate new advantages in agricultural international competition.
The "Guidelines" mentioned that the innovation of government and social capital cooperation model.
Encourage credit and insurance institutions to increase innovation in financial products and services, cooperate with financial support for the implementation of major agricultural and rural projects, and intensify exploration of investment and financing models such as investment-loan linkage and integration of investment-loan insurance discounts.
Actively explore public welfare projects with stable income in the agricultural and rural areas, promote the implementation path and mechanism of the government and social capital cooperation (PPP) model, so that social capital investment can be expected, rewarded, and sustainable, and comply with laws and regulations, and promote the government in an orderly manner Cooperate with social capital.
Encourage agricultural and rural departments at all levels to systematically sort out agricultural investment projects in the region in accordance with the requirements of the relevant documents of government and social capital cooperation in the agricultural sector, select and cultivate rural revitalization projects suitable for adopting the PPP model, and give priority to supporting agricultural and rural infrastructure construction, etc. A public benefit project with a certain income.
Encourage social capital to explore ways such as asset securitization, equity transfer, etc., to revitalize project stock assets and enrich capital entry and exit channels.
The Guidelines require that agricultural and rural departments at all levels take guiding social capital investment in agriculture and rural areas as an important task, strengthen communication with finance, development and reform, finance, natural resources and other departments, promote information exchange and sharing, and coordinate all relevant departments to base their functions, Work closely together to form a synergy.
It is necessary to establish a standardized cooperation mechanism, guide social capital to actively participate in the preparation of relevant planning and project sorting, strictly follow the spatial control of the "three districts and three lines" of rural planning, accurately grasp the investment direction, actively explore specific methods, and improve the efficiency of various projects. Give full play to the joint force of government, market and social capital.
Strengthen the management of foreign investment and promote foreign investment in agriculture and rural areas in accordance with the relevant provisions and requirements of the "Foreign Investment Law".