Chinanews.com, April 20. What impact will the rising prices of chemical fertilizers and other agricultural material products have on spring farming this year?
In response to this issue, Song Danyang, deputy director of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, responded on the 20th that my country’s chemical fertilizer production capacity and reserves are sufficient. This year, spring farming chemical fertilizers are still in overall supply exceeding demand, with a high rate of fertilizer preparation and complete market supply With guarantee, the price of chemical fertilizers will be stable in the later stage.
Data map: UAV spreads fertilizer in wheat field.
Photo by China News Agency reporter Wang Gang
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs held a press conference on the 20th.
Song Danyang said at the meeting that since last winter and spring, the prices of chemical fertilizers and other agricultural materials in my country have continued to rise due to the increase in the prices of coal and sulfur raw materials, environmental protection restrictions in winter, and the transmission of international prices. Among them, the increase in nitrogen fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer has been relatively high. Big.
According to monitoring, from January to March 2021, the average ex-factory price of domestic urea was 1979 yuan per ton, up 13.7% year-on-year; the average ex-factory price of diammonium phosphate was 2922 yuan per ton, up 31% year-on-year; the average ex-factory price of potassium chloride per ton The ton was 2,070 yuan, down 1.8% year-on-year; the average ex-factory price of compound fertilizer was 2,293 yuan per ton, up 8.5% year-on-year.
The increase in the price of chemical fertilizers is bound to increase the cost of food production. Based on the average price of chemical fertilizers rising by 15%, the average cost of rice, wheat, and corn this year will increase by about 2 cents per catty, which can be said to offset part of the increase in food prices. Income.
Song Danyang pointed out that although the price of chemical fertilizers has risen, due to my country's sufficient production capacity and reserves of chemical fertilizers, the supply of chemical fertilizers for spring farming this year is still greater than the demand, the rate of fertilizer preparation is high, and the market supply is fully guaranteed.
Especially in March, with the increase in the operating rate of enterprises, the commercial reserve of chemical fertilizers, the prices of urea and diamine have fallen from the previous period, and the price of chemical fertilizers will be stabilized in the later period.
What measures are there to ensure stable supply and price stability of chemical fertilizers?
In this regard, Song Danyang introduced that in the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will strengthen communication and coordination with the development and reform, industry and information, supply and marketing departments, and effectively ensure the normal production of agricultural materials enterprises, smooth logistics and terminal distribution, and timely carry out fertilizer reserve regulation and continue Intensify the fight against counterfeiting of agricultural materials, take multiple measures to ensure the supply and price of chemical fertilizers, and serve the overall situation of spring plowing production.