China News Service, Changchun, April 20 (Reporter Guo Jia) Jilin, a major producer of commercial grains in China, officially entered the spring sowing period on the 20th.
According to meteorological experts, the local soil moisture is suitable this year, which is very beneficial to farmers for spring planting, and the application of various new technologies is providing strong support for local food safety.
Jilin Province, which is located in one of the world's three largest black soil regions, has produced more than 70 billion catties of grain for eight consecutive years, providing a strong guarantee for China's food security.
This year, this "big granary" will ensure that the planting area is above 85.5 million mu and take the lead in building a national food security industrial belt in the Northeast Plain of China.
The 20th is the rain in the lunar solar term, and there is a saying in the agricultural proverb that "grain rain grows big fields".
There is a busy scene in the farmland in Zhenlai, a major grain-producing county in Jilin Province.
More than 80% of the arable land in Xinaili Village, Zhenlai County uses no-tillage sowing.
According to villager Li Fucheng, no-tillage planting requires no straw cleaning, no ridge digging, and the cultivation cost is half that of the traditional model.
The most important thing is to preserve soil moisture, increase organic matter, and promote high yields.
This type of conservation farming is being promoted on this black land.
According to the Jilin Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, this year plans to invest 1.12 billion yuan (RMB, the same below) in fiscal funds to expand conservation tillage technology to 28 million mu, relying on science and technology to achieve greater harvests.
Ren Zhiguo, the 71-year-old chairman of the Yingtai Agricultural Cooperative in Zhenlai County, plans to expand a new fertilization technology from 2 hectares to about 50 hectares this year.
In the past few years, this technology has helped him increase production by about 10% and reduce fertilizer use by about 10%.
The reporter also learned from Lishu County, Jilin Province, a major grain-producing county in China, that the county invested nearly 5 million yuan this year to build 41 wireless agrometeorological comprehensive monitoring stations.
Cameras and sensors have become "clairvoyance." Meteorological experts and agricultural experts can scientifically guide farmers in farming based on real-time data.
Guo Chunming, chief engineer of the Jilin Institute of Meteorological Sciences, said that in recent years, farmers are not only willing to try new agricultural technologies, but are also very eager for meteorological technologies.
At present, the Jilin Provincial Meteorological Bureau is exploring the use of Fengyun meteorological satellites, numerical models, supercomputers, etc., to build a big agricultural meteorological data platform in Jilin Province, so that technology "escorts" Jilin's food security.