Sichuan crayfish "take off"

  The weather is warming up, and the day to drink night beer is getting closer.

Is the night beer partner crayfish ready?

  On March 26, Xu Qiao, a crayfish farmer who had been raising crayfish in Xiaotang Village, Qionglai for three years, was busy. "The crayfish will start to come out of the pond at the end of February."

  As a "net celebrity" in the catering market, crayfish consumption has rapidly grown into a market with hundreds of billions of dollars.

Sichuan has been exploring this for 4-5 years, and now it has found a take-off runway.

  "We have made a time difference to avoid the season when a large number of crayfish are listed in Hubei, a big province. Although the annual output is not in a quantitative level, the price advantage makes everyone full of confidence in the future." The Production Division of the Fisheries Bureau of the Sichuan Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau is responsible. People told reporters that in southern Sichuan such as Yibin, Luzhou, Zigong, Neijiang and other areas are the main producing areas of Sichuan crayfish.

Looking at the whole country, the climate in the above-mentioned regions has obvious advantages. The three-season shrimp and two-season seedlings are mainly for export, which can realize fishery to promote rice, fish to stabilize grain, and fish to increase income.

  In Xu Qiao’s pond, about 200 catties can be picked up every day, and the price of prawns with a price of 6 yuan or more is 40 yuan per catty.

  Yang Hong, the production director of Sichuan Zhonglun Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., who provides technical support to Xu Qiao, said that shrimps are caught every day from 4 am to 8 am, then sorted by weight, packed and sent to the airport, and they will arrive in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai in the afternoon. Beishangguang.

  Sichuan is ready to get a share of the 100 billion market.


  An income of 7,000 yuan a day will increase by 200 mu in the future

  After 9 am on the 26th, by the pond in Xiaotang Village, Qionglai, Chengdu, egrets flew by from time to time. You can see the sign of "National Rice-fishing Comprehensive Planting and Raising Demonstration Zone" far away from the highway. It is more than a hundred long and wide. Rice ponds are lined up one after another.

There is a circle of nets in the middle of each pond, and wooden sticks are inserted in the enclosed part about two meters apart. A small part of the net can be seen on the sticks.

  Farmers wearing waterproof trousers walked into the middle of the pond, untied the net bag on the stick, and lifted it up and thrown it up. The underwater part of the net bag was pulled out of the water, and the shrimp inside was poured into it with a crisp crackling sound. In the basket on the boat.

  “It started at the end of February and can be fished until June. After that, water will be released to grow rice.” Farmer Xu Qiao said that he currently raises 100 mu of crayfish and two to three cages per mu. It can raise about 6 catties of shrimp, and it may increase by about 200 acres in the future.

In recent days, the morning temperature was low, crayfish activity was low, and the catch was relatively small, more than two hundred catties per day.

Among them, the price of prawns above 6 yuan is more than 40 yuan per catty. "Yesterday they sold a total of 6,500 yuan, and today it is close to 7,000 yuan."

Agricultural company

  Adult shrimp are sold to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and more than 1 million catties of shrimp seedlings are supplied to Sichuan

  Soon, a basket of shrimps was installed.

The white basket is nearly half a meter long and more than forty centimeters wide.

Shrimp caught in two ground cages are spread several layers inside.

"This one weighs six dollars." Yang Hong picked out a crayfish that was as long as one finger and the thickness of a thumb and opened the tail and said, this shrimp is very clean, the meat quality is good, and it is very comfortable.

  Farmers start fishing at 4 a.m. every day, usually after 8 a.m.

Then it is transported to the crayfish sorting center for sorting according to different specifications.

“The caught shrimp are divided into two types: shrimp larvae and adult prawns. The shrimp larvae will be returned to the pond to continue raising.” Yang Hong said that after sorting, they will be packaged and then ready for shipment.

At present, the caught crayfish are mainly sold to the Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, North, Shanghai, Guangzhou regions, usually by afternoon flights.

In addition, some food and beverage outlets in Chengdu are directly supplied through the company's sales platform.

"They are all directly supplied to terminal businesses, without going through wholesalers, to maximize value and ensure the interests of farmers."

  "Our company and contracted farmers have 25,000 mu of breeding bases, which are basically around Chengdu, including Qionglai, Xinjin, Xindu, etc., from the front-end farming to the end-of-sales sales are unified operation and management." Yang Hong said, In addition to mature shrimps, starting from February, in addition to meeting their own shrimp seedling needs, they will also supply more than 1 million catties of shrimp seedlings to the whole Sichuan.

Yang Hong pointed to the runway-shaped part of the pond fence and said that they were all cultured in the "purse seine mode". The runway was raised with shrimp fry, and the middle fence was grown shrimp.

A farmer like Xu Qiao who has raised 100 acres of land has been able to sell an average of more than 10,000 yuan a day during the fishing period in the past few months.

Sichuan crayfish

  The two ends of the price curve are high and the middle is low to avoid the peak of Hubei crayfish listing

  It is exported to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, North Shanghai, Guangzhou, and farmers are making more than 10,000 yuan daily. Now the thriving crayfish industry in Sichuan has experienced low prices and other difficulties.

The person in charge of the Production Division of the Fisheries Bureau of the Sichuan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that Sichuan crayfish farming has gone through 4-5 years of groping.

Last year, the production of crayfish in Sichuan was about 50,000 tons, and Hubei, as the main production area of ​​crayfish in the country, had an annual output of over one million tons.

  "Before, we were on the market at about the same time as Hubei, and there was basically no competitiveness." The person in charge said that Sichuan will eat about 70 to 80 thousand tons of crayfish a year, and the local production is not enough to cover.

  "Later we researched and found that the price curve of crayfish every year is two high and the middle low." The person in charge explained that the middle low was due to the large number of Hubei crayfish listed in April. "So we decided to make a time difference, and Sichuan's The geographical position is further south, the temperature rises earlier, and the corresponding natural conditions are also available. Among them, the climate advantage in southern Sichuan is more obvious."

  At present, Sichuan crayfish farmers generally "grab the two ends with the middle". Specifically, shrimp larvae are harvested in May and August each year.

Shrimp fry released in May can be harvested from September to November, and the crayfish in Hubei are basically off the market at this time.

The shrimp seedlings in August will gradually start to be harvested in February of the following year. At this time, the crayfish in Hubei has not yet been on the market.

  Crayfish can reproduce and grow in suitable conditions throughout the year. How does Sichuan control its breeding and growth cycle?

The answer is water.

"In August, when the field was flooded with water, the crayfish that did not hatch because of the precipitation level would come out to hatch. But after the current stage of fishing, the farmers will lower the water level, and then the crayfish will burrow into the ground."

Looking forward to the future

  It will also develop the entire industry chain, improve grain stability and increase income, and build a "land of fish and rice"

  Farmer Xu Qiao looked at the pond and said that the comprehensive cultivation of rice and shrimp can not only increase income, but also improve the quality of rice. One field has two uses and complements each other, and everyone is more enthusiastic about farming.

And his wallet bulged.

  "Next, we will continue to develop and upgrade the entire industry chain, including related rural leisure tourism, high value-added products, and end sales channels." Yang Hong said that for them, Sichuan crayfish farming, processing and sales are an ongoing process. Industries that take off still have huge room for growth.

  What does crayfish mean to Sichuan agriculture?

Recently, the "Key Points of Provincial Fishery and Fishery Administration in 2021" issued by the Sichuan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs also mentioned crayfish: Sichuan will promote the development of the entire industry chain of giant salamander, loach and crayfish.

The integrated rice-fishing cultivation, including crayfish farming, has been mentioned several times.

Sichuan will integrate agricultural project funds towards the construction of a "land of fish and rice", and vigorously promote the transformation and construction of rice-fishing infrastructure; those who plant rice in key project areas such as high-standard farmland construction and livable rural construction must promote integrated rice-fishing in accordance with local conditions Planting and breeding; vigorously promote healthy farming modes such as healthy pond farming, integrated rice-fishing farming, reservoir ecological farming, flowing water farming, facility fishery and circulating water farming, and build large-water ecological fishery demonstration bases; create 2 national fishery healthy farming demonstration counties , There are 30 national-level healthy aquatic breeding demonstration farms, and 300,000 mu of rice-fishing comprehensive cultivation will be added.

  "Rice-crayfish farming, as one of the comprehensive rice-fishing cultivation, is of significance not only to the crayfish industry itself, but also to the stable grain and income increase in Sichuan and the construction of a'land of fish and rice'." said the head of the Production Division of the Fisheries Bureau of the Sichuan Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau. Only when farmers earn money can the food in the ground be truly stable. The integrated rice-fishing cultivation, including rice-crayfish farming, makes more people willing to farm, and the "land of fish and rice" has a foundation.

  Chengdu Commercial Daily-Red Star News reporter Lin Cong photo report