He let Peony flow out "liquid gold"
"Peony root bark is used as medicine to make peony, and purple spotted peony is still a good woody oil crop. Peony stamens, petals, and leaf buds can be used as tea." Just after the Spring Festival, Gansu Linxia Shenghongmu Industry Comprehensive Development Industry Group Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Sheng Hongmu Industry) He Shenghong is already busy in his peony base.
As the local "peony king", the purple-spotted peony seedlings cultivated by Sheng Hongmu have been "married away" in Hebei, Fujian, Shandong and other places, and it was the Flower Research Institute of the Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (hereinafter referred to as the Institute of Flowers) that gave birth to this industry. ) Han Fujun, associate researcher and special commissioner for science and technology.
In June 2015, He Shenghong, who runs an enterprise in Linxia Prefecture, came to the Flower Institute for advice on the selection of oil peony. As a science and technology commissioner and "three districts" science and technology talent, Han Fujun just finished his assistance work in Yongjing County, Gansu and returned to Lanzhou. .
"The germplasm enhancement of oil peony is a global challenge, and it has great potential for research and development." As flower professionals, Han Fujun and He Shenghong have such an understanding, and the two hit it off.
For thousands of years, the peonies of the national color and heavenly fragrance have only been viewed and used to squeeze oil unheard of.
"Actually, the alpha-linolenic acid content in peony seed oil averages 49%, which is the highest level of brain gold." Han Fujun said.
But as the first batch of scientific and technological workers to cultivate peonies for oil, Han Fujun knew well that it would be impossible for the peony flowers to flow out of "liquid gold" without a pair of "smart hands".
The purple spotted tree peony is a national third-level protected plant and an endangered species unique to China.
"The high-quality provenance and high-quality genes of purple-spotted peony are facing the dilemma of loss. The development of oil-used peony is a good opportunity to rescue resources." Speaking of professionalism, Han Fujun talks endlessly.
The growth of the purple-spotted peony for oil is not the imaginary "sow a handful of seeds, breed a batch of seedlings, and plant a large area", but a foot long and eight inches retreat, and it is impossible to distinguish the three-year flower bud stage without seeding. Oil-used varieties.
All links of seed selection, seedling raising, and grafting must be intensively cultivated.
In the past seedlings, sand and seeds were mixed together. The heat preservation and moisturizing function of sand was used to help fragile seeds to survive the winter. After germination in the coming year, the sand was removed to give the seeds growth space, "the seedlings were accidentally knocked off."
Han Fujun thought of a good way to spread a nylon bag on top of the seeds with sand. When the seedlings grow out, take out the nylon bag, which will not affect the growth of the seedlings and is easy to operate.
Today, this "net bag layered seedling raising method" is widely used in Linxia.
After solving the seed problem, the next "blocker" is cultivation.
"Purple-spotted peony has the advantage of cold resistance, but the long bud period, low emergence rate, and long return period have discouraged many companies, and it has also slowed down the oil peony industry in Gansu." Han Fujun plunged into the nursery and continued to breed excellent products. Varieties, hard work pays off. The new peony variety he cultivated for oil has stable characteristics. It has been tested by the Ministry of Agriculture's Oil Food Inspection Agency. The oil yield rate of seed oil is 23.8%, and the content of unsaturated fatty acids is 93.2%. Among them, it is known as blood. The content of linolenic acid in nutrients and plant brain gold is as high as 51.4%, and many indicators have reached or exceeded those of similar domestic products.
In recent years, with the help of the east-western poverty alleviation collaboration, Shenghongmu has cooperated with the Lanzhou Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Fujian Institute of Subtropical Botany, and Xiamen Xialin Company to further develop a series of deep processing products of purple peony, extend the purple peony industry chain, and jointly Developed the spring urging technology of oil peony, which advanced the flowering period of peony from April to May to the Spring Festival period, which promoted the development of local tourism and tourism industry. The colorful purple-spotted peony bloomed along Binhe Road in Linxia City, up to 30%. The peony promenade of kilometers is full of flowers.
More than 170 acres of peonies are planted in Wangping Village, Dahan Town, Linxia City, which is known as the "First Village of Peony in Hezhou".
"Cultivating peony seedlings has an average income of more than 100,000 yuan per mu for 5 years in each cycle." The wealthy farmers calculated their economic accounts.
Today, Shenghongmu has cultivated more than 860,000 peonies of more than 300 varieties, including purple spotted peony, Central Plains peony, and imported peony, making it a national-level farmer with the largest scale and the most variety of peony in Linxia Prefecture, integrating teaching, production, scientific research, viewing, and tourism. Professional cooperative demonstration society and national poverty alleviation base for women.
As a leader in getting rich, Han Fujun also ended his work as a science and technology commissioner in Linxia and rushed to Tianshui City to conduct technical training on pepper farming.
This year's Spring Festival, He Shenghong took out a phone call to Han Fujun, hoping that he would often return to Linxia to enjoy the flowers as a guest.
"Win a little care, gain a trust, and be content!" Han Fujun said.