Chairman of the State Railways: The Fuxing Intelligent EMU will be launched in Beijing and Shanghai to develop higher speed grades

  The Paper Journalist Yao Xiaolan

  The railway is an important national transportation infrastructure and a major livelihood project. During this year's national "two sessions", the railway epidemic prevention and control, construction, independent innovation, reform and other aspects have attracted the attention of all walks of life, deputies to the people's congress and members of the CPPCC.

  Recently, Lu Dongfu, representative of the National People's Congress, chairman of the China Railway Group, and party secretary, introduced to the media including The Paper ( on the promotion of high-quality railway development.

Railway construction: play to the pulling effect of investment and reasonably control the scale of debt

  According to Lu Dongfu, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the scale of railway projects under construction and approved will be 3.19 trillion yuan; by 2025, the national railway operating mileage will reach about 170,000 kilometers, of which high-speed railways (including intercity railways) will reach 50,000 kilometers. The railway basically covers cities with a population of more than 200,000 in urban areas, and high-speed rail covers 98% of cities with a population of more than 500,000 in urban areas.

The railway sector will more consciously use new development concepts to guide railway construction and strive to achieve high-quality development.

  He said that the railway department will insist on doing its best to do what it can.

Coordinate the regional economic and social development status, the overall planning and layout of the road network, and the guarantee of construction funds, taking into account needs and possibilities, and in the order of "guaranteed opening, guaranteeing under construction, and guaranteeing construction", on the one hand, maintain a certain investment intensity and further develop the railway The pulling effect of construction investment, on the other hand, pay more attention to the efficiency and benefit of railway investment, reasonably control the scale of railway construction debt, prevent debt risks, and ensure high-quality and sustainable development of railway construction.

  Lu Dongfu specifically mentioned the Sichuan-Tibet Railway.

He said that the Sichuan-Tibet Railway is the “number one project” of railway construction. At present, the “two tunnels and one bridge” (Sejila Mountain Tunnel, Kangding No. 2 Tunnel, and Dadu River Bridge) that were started in advance have all been transferred to the tunnel. Construction, the bridge foundation construction has been fully launched; 186 kilometers from Ya'an to Xindu Bridge and 151 kilometers from Bomi to Nyingchi are organizing tenders, and construction can be started at the end of March; special technical review is currently underway for 674 kilometers from Xindu Bridge to Bomi Preliminary design review, and strive for bidding in August, with the conditions for starting construction in the fourth quarter.

Railway passenger and freight transportation: Passenger transportation accurately implements "one map per day", and freight transportation further stabilizes the volume of bulk cargo

  In terms of passenger transportation, Lu Dongfu said that the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has had a great impact on railway passenger transportation.

In 2020, the national railway passenger volume will drop by 39% year-on-year.

In order to cope with the impact of the epidemic, this year the railway department proposed and implemented the business strategy of "long-distance inadequate management and internal compensation, insufficient spring travel compensation during the Spring Festival, insufficient summer compensation in winter, and insufficient passenger transport and freight compensation", and achieved positive results.

In the first two months, passenger traffic completed by railways fell 4.5% year-on-year, but passenger traffic within the pipeline increased by 3.3% year-on-year.

  He said that in the next step, big data will be used to accurately implement "one map per day", scientifically allocate transportation resources, organize spring and summer passenger transportation, and better adapt to the travel needs of the broad masses of people under the epidemic prevention and control situation.

  In terms of freight transportation, Lu Dongfu said that in recent years, the energy structure of the railway itself has been continuously adjusted and optimized. At present, the national railway electrification rate has reached 74.9%. It is estimated that the railway freight volume will be 3.7 billion tons in 2021, and the traction work completed by electric locomotives will reach 90.5%. The annual national railway fuel consumption has dropped from the highest peak of 5.83 million tons in 1985 to 2.31 million tons, a drop of 60%, which is equivalent to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 12.56 million tons per year.

  He said that the railway department will further seize the favorable opportunity of the country to adjust the transportation structure, meet the central goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, fully optimize the layout of railway freight, and make good use of freight such as Daqin, Haoji, Tanghu, and Wari. Large channel capacity, promote the entry of special railway lines into ports, mines, and logistics parks to further stabilize the volume of bulk cargo.

At the same time, vigorously develop container multimodal transportation, solve the problems of long running time of freight trains and uncertain delivery time, continuously improve the competitiveness of the railway freight market, and strive to expand the railway market share.

High-speed rail independent innovation: research and development of a new generation of higher speed Fuxing EMU new products

  According to Lu Dongfu, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's railway independent innovation has achieved significant results, and the overall technical level has entered the world's advanced ranks.

High-speed, plateau, high-cold, and heavy-haul railway technology has reached the world's leading level, and intelligent high-speed railway technology has been fully autonomous.

In particular, the Fuxing EMU has demonstrated excellent performance in terms of safety, economy, energy conservation and environmental protection, and is well received by the market and passengers. The passenger load factor is 0.7% higher than the average passenger load factor of the EMU.

At present, the Fuxing series EMUs covering speeds ranging from 160 kilometers to 350 kilometers per hour have been formed.

  He said that to deepen the independent innovation of the Fuxing high-speed train, several key tasks are currently being organized:

  The first is to drive the Fuxing plateau internal electric dual-source power centralized EMU into Tibet and Lhasa before July 1 this year to achieve full coverage of 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities).

Adapting to the operation needs of Lalin Railway, independently developed the Fuxing plateau internal electric dual-source power centralized EMU, integrating high-power internal combustion and electric power systems on the EMU, and can adapt to high altitudes, western mountainous areas, multiple tunnels and other types In the complex operating environment, many of the technologies are at the international leading level, and some have filled the world's railway technology gaps.

  Second, before July 1 this year, a batch of Fuxing intelligent EMUs will be put on Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Guangzhou, and Chengdu-Chongqing high-speed railways before July 1 this year to expand the scope of operation experience and allow more people to enjoy a higher-quality travel life.

This type of EMU has the characteristics of intelligent driving, intelligent services, and intelligent operation and maintenance, and the energy consumption and noise indicators in train operation have also been further improved.

  The third is to start the "CR450 Science and Technology Innovation Project".

In order to fully release the dividends of the developed high-speed rail network, based on scientific analysis and understanding of road conditions, the plan is based on the 350 kilometers per hour high-speed rail infrastructure conditions, mainly through the comprehensive improvement of high-speed rail mobile equipment technology, that is, the development of a new generation of higher speed and more Safe, more environmentally friendly, more energy-saving, and smarter new products for the Fuxing EMU will achieve a higher commercial operation speed of my country's high-speed rail and continue to consolidate my country's high-speed rail leading advantage.

Railway reform: pay more attention to equity management of high-quality assets

  According to Lu Dongfu, in 2020, to implement the three-year action plan for the reform of state-owned enterprises by the Party Central Committee and the State Council, China Railway Group issued the "Three-year Action Implementation Plan for State Railway Enterprise Reform (2020-2022)", which clarified the timetable for deepening reforms, route map.

"We will adhere to the national railway strategic positioning, adhere to the centralized and unified command of transportation, adapt to the requirements of the development of railway transportation productivity, and continue to deepen the reform of the national railway enterprise."

  He said that in terms of road network organization and technical equipment, the railway department will deepen the reform of transportation organization, optimize the operation structure of high-speed rail and regular-speed passenger cars, passenger and freight trains, so as to realize the coordinated allocation of transportation resources; at the same time, deepen the reform of equipment repair and repair system. Establish and improve the equipment quality supervision system to give full play to the benefits of the use of advanced technology and equipment.

  In terms of mechanism reform, the railway department will further optimize and improve the corporate governance mechanism of the State Railways, promote the modernization of the governance system and governance capabilities, and comprehensively improve the level of legalized market-oriented operation; at the same time, pay more attention to the equity management of high-quality assets and promote the reform of the railway mixed ownership system. New pace.

In particular, implement the country's deployment of promoting market-oriented reforms in the competitive sectors of the railway industry, accelerate the construction of a unified, open, and fair-competitive railway industry market-oriented liquidation system, and provide a fair market environment for various railway market operators.

  In addition, the railway department will adhere to the direction of market-oriented operation, and gradually promote the differentiated floating pricing mechanism for high-speed rail fares, and implement different discounts according to regions, low and peak seasons, time periods, travel time, etc.; further improve the level of railway informatization services and explore New service measures such as non-sense entry and exit, intelligent security inspection, etc., promote 12306 to become a comprehensive Internet service platform in the transportation field; adapt to diversified market needs, combine the implementation of the passenger transport quality improvement plan and the Fuxing brand strategy, innovate service methods, and improve service quality. The implementation of differentiated services, so that the majority of passengers have a better travel experience.