Analyze the "gold content" of China's economic growth
□ Our reporter Xiong Li
In 2020, my country's GDP will exceed one hundred billion yuan, and the total economic volume will reach a new level.
Facing the complicated international situation, the arduous and onerous domestic reform, development and stability tasks, especially the severe impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the high “gold content” of China's economic report card is even more precious.
"While stabilizing employment and people's livelihood and maintaining the fundamentals of the economy, all regions and departments will unswervingly implement new development concepts, promote high-quality development, continue to deepen reforms, expand opening up, and cultivate new drivers of growth, and the quality and efficiency of economic growth. Steady improvement.” said Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission and director of the National Bureau of Statistics.
Innovation leads to strong momentum.
"Chang'e 5" successfully landed on the moon and returned samples, "Tianwen-1" Mars probe was successfully launched, "Beidou-3" global satellite navigation system officially opened, quantum computer "Nine Chapters" was successfully developed...In 2020, innovation The first motivation continues to increase.
New industries, new formats and new models have grown against the trend, and industries such as home office, remote consultation, and online education have achieved rapid expansion.
In the first 11 months of 2020, the operating income of strategic emerging service companies above designated size increased by 8.6% year-on-year; the output of industrial robots, new energy vehicles, and integrated circuits achieved high growth.
The supply and demand cycle continues to improve.
The industry took the lead in recovering, the service industry followed up its recovery, investment was the first to recover, consumption continued to improve, the upstream industry was the first to recover, the pace of recovery in the downstream industry gradually accelerated, large and medium-sized enterprises took the lead to recover, small and micro enterprises gradually recovered... The cycle "obstruction" encountered in the process of resumption of the market, my country has continued to deepen the supply-side structural reforms, while paying attention to demand-side management, which has effectively improved the economic cycle.
In the fourth quarter of 2020, the national industrial capacity utilization rate reached 78%, an increase of 1.3 percentage points from the third quarter.
The product sales rate of industrial enterprises in December 2020 reached 98.4%, and the profit growth rate of industrial enterprises rose from a 38.3% decline in the previous two months to an increase of 2.4% in the first 11 months.
Coordinated development is more prominent.
From the perspective of industrial structure, new steps were taken in transformation and upgrading. The added value of equipment manufacturing industry and high-tech manufacturing industry increased by 6.6% and 7.1% respectively, which was 3.8% and 4.3% higher than that of all industries above designated size.
Emerging products such as 3D printing equipment, smart watches, civilian drones, and integrated circuit wafers have achieved rapid growth, with the growth rate reaching more than doubled.
From the perspective of demand structure, new progress has been made in structural adjustment.
Investment in high-tech industries and social fields increased by 10.6% and 11.9%, respectively, which were 7.7 and 9.0 percentage points faster than total investment.
Consumer demand for upgraded products continues to be released. In 2020, the retail sales of cultural and office supplies, sports and entertainment products, cosmetics and communication equipment of units above designated size will increase by 5.8%, 8.4%, and 9.5% respectively over the previous year. And 12.9%.
From the perspective of urban-rural coordination, the gap between urban and rural development continues to narrow, and the income of rural residents has grown faster than that of urban residents.
The green development background is more beautiful.
The energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased throughout the year, and the consumption of natural gas, "water nuclear wind photovoltaic" and other clean energy sources accounted for 1% of total energy consumption, and new results were achieved in energy conservation and consumption reduction.
The environmental quality has improved significantly, and the PM2.5 concentration in 337 cities at prefecture-level and above dropped by 8.3% compared with the previous year.
Ning Jizhe said that my country has the world’s most growing domestic demand market, and the super-large-scale market has obvious advantages. With the increase in per capita income, the adjustment and upgrading of consumption structure will promote the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure, investment structure and regional economic structure. Sustainable economic development has injected endogenous power.
The International Monetary Fund believes that in 2020, China will continue to make progress in structural reforms, the financial industry will continue to open up, the negative list of foreign investment will be further reduced, and the investment quota restrictions for foreign institutional investors will be lifted; reforms such as the household registration system will improve labor market liquidity. The revision of the Patent Law strengthened the protection of intellectual property rights and promoted innovation.
Ning Jizhe said that 2021 is the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan" and the theme of the "14th Five-Year Plan" is to promote high-quality development.
my country will strive to improve the quality and efficiency of development, realize the unity of development quality, structure, scale, speed, efficiency, and safety, and permeate high-quality development into all fields and the entire process of economic society.