Changing agricultural and rural shortcomings into "potential boards"——An investigation on the development of modern agriculture in Guangdong Zhaoqing
In the process of rural revitalization, Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province firmly grasped the key point of industrial revitalization, focused on building a high-quality development platform for modern agricultural industrial parks, building a modern agricultural industrial system, production system, and operating system, and fostering and expanding advantageous industrial clusters and development New industries and new formats such as leisure agriculture and rural tourism promote the integrated development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and enhance the driving role of rural industries to enrich the people and rejuvenate the village.
Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province is not only the main city in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, but also a major agricultural city in Guangdong. More than half of the population lives in rural areas.
Facing the uneven development of urban and rural areas, how can Zhaoqing make up for its shortcomings and promote the development of modern agriculture, so as to be a "vegetable basket", "fruit plate" and "rice bag" in the Greater Bay Area?
Recently, a reporter from Economic Daily went to Zhaoqing to investigate and interview.
Exploring efficient agriculture in the distribution base——
Open up circulation joints
In the middle of winter, Lingnan is still full of greenery. The reporter came to Zhaoqing (Huaiji) green agricultural and sideline product distribution base. On the highway, logistics vehicles from the Pearl River Delta continued to enter and leave the base. This is one of the major platforms for high-quality agricultural development created by Zhaoqing.
Not far away, projects such as the cold chain logistics facility system project for the storage and preservation of agricultural products supporting the base have been initially completed.
According to Zhi Jiasheng, director of the Agriculture and Rural Bureau of Huaiji County, the base mainly serves consumption areas in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and agricultural production areas in surrounding provinces and cities. It adopts a spatial layout model of "one base + multiple nodes" to tap existing agricultural elements. Resource and logistics channel resource advantages, on the one hand, fully integrate Huaiji and the surrounding area's high-quality agriculture and green agricultural and sideline products resources; on the other hand, effectively integrate Huaiji and the surrounding area's logistics infrastructure resources, and establish a production, processing and distribution area for various agricultural and sideline products in the surrounding area The efficient connection of the network and the service function of the distribution base.
By accelerating the construction of the cold chain logistics backbone network, Zhaoqing is striving to build an agricultural entire industrial chain cluster integrating planting, processing, warehousing, logistics and sales.
In September 2020, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area "Vegetable Basket" product Zhaoqing distribution sub-center project with a total investment of 280 million yuan and a planned area of about 150 acres officially started in Guangning County.
At the same time, Zhaoqing also relies on the 200-square-kilometer Guangfo Zhao (Huaiji) Economic Cooperation Zone platform to intensively carry out the construction of distribution bases. In the 94.4-square-kilometer ecological agriculture demonstration area, it will focus on the development of modern ecological agriculture and tourism such as characteristic agricultural products and famous flowers. For the leisure tourism industry, two provincial-level modern agricultural industrial parks have been created-Huaiji County Simiao Rice Industrial Park and Huaiji County Vegetable Industrial Park.
The Huaiji County Vegetable Industrial Park is led by Zhaoqing Quanfa Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., which has been rooted in the local area for more than 10 years. It has formed an industrial group with the core of agricultural product planting, processing, cold chain, logistics and distribution. Its sales spread all over South China and directly connected to Hong Kong, Macau and Southeast Asia. And so on.
Huaiji Runfeng Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., which has transferred more than 3,000 acres of arable land, develops specialty vegetable production, drives surrounding farmers to plant high-value-added specialty crops such as leeks, leeks and fruit lotus roots, and radiates the development of the tertiary industry.
It is understood that Huaiji County Vegetable Industrial Park currently has many planting and processing enterprises, and has established a vegetable planting core area covering an area of more than 7,000 acres in Lengkeng, Maning and other towns, mainly planting vegetables such as cabbage heart and leek flowers.
Among them, 4 vegetable supply bases for Hong Kong cover an area of more than 3,000 acres, and are closely linked to 8 vegetable business entities. The radiation drives more than 12,000 acres of vegetables per year, and more than 13,000 households are linked to farmers and transported from Huaiji to Zhuhai on average. About 50 tons of vegetables in the triangle and other regions, a large-scale and industrialized business model has initially formed.
In 2020, the total agricultural output value of the industrial park can reach 2.738 billion yuan.
Guangning County is one of the mountainous counties in northern Guangxi, adjacent to Huaiji County. In recent years, a meat pigeon industrial park covering Nanjie, Zhouzi, Binheng, Hengshan and other towns (streets) has been formed.
At present, the breeding farm and living supporting area of the industrial park are basically taking shape. It is estimated that the annual output value can reach 300 million yuan after completion, and it will become the largest meat pigeon production base in Guangdong.
In June 2020, Zhaoqing Pig Industrial Park and Guangning Meat Pigeon Industrial Park were included in the list of Guangdong Provincial Modern Agricultural Industrial Parks. At present, Zhaoqing has been selected into the list of 10 provincial industrial parks, ranking fifth in the province.
Fan Zhongjie, secretary of the Zhaoqing Municipal Party Committee, said that the imbalance in the development of urban and rural areas is the biggest imbalance in Zhaoqing's development and is a shortcoming that restricts Zhaoqing's high-quality development.
Based on its own resource endowment, Zhaoqing vigorously implements the "611" project of modern agricultural development, and acts as a "vegetable basket", "fruit plate" and "rice bag" in the Greater Bay Area, and strives to turn the shortcomings of agriculture and rural areas into a "potential board" for high-quality development. .
See one village and one product in Lanhua Professional Town——
Focus on advantageous industry groups
It's another year when orchids are in full bloom.
When the reporter came to Shigou Town, Sihui City, the fields were full of colorful orchids, and more than 230 varieties of four series, Molan, Hybrid orchid, Cattleya, and Phalaenopsis bloomed.
In recent years, Shigou Town has taken modern high-efficiency agriculture as its core, committed to making orchids and other characteristic agricultural industries bigger and stronger, and making every effort to build a modern agricultural characteristic town.
In 2013, the town was recognized as the "Zhaoqing Orchid Professional Town", and in 2019 it was selected as the "One Village, One Product, One Town, One Industry" Orchid Professional Town in Guangdong Province.
At present, there are 62 orchid enterprises in Shigou Town, with a planting area of more than 4,200 mu, with 33 million orchid seedlings and annual sales of 450 million yuan.
"The development of the orchid industry will benefit the people's livelihood and help the villagers get rid of poverty and become rich. The industry becomes stronger and the villagers become rich." said Xiao Zhijian, director of the Agriculture and Rural Bureau of Sihui City. By adopting the business model of "company + base + poor households", Orchid Industry drove 352 poor people in the town out of poverty and increased their income.
During the investigation, the reporter found that many villagers in Shigou Town became rich by starting their own businesses after working in the orchid base to learn planting techniques. One of them was Mo Wumei, a villager in Cheng Village.
She started her business by planting orchids. The scale has grown from the initial 3 acres to 20 acres, with an annual income of 500,000 yuan. She also led the establishment of the first orchid professional cooperative in Sihui City to encourage everyone to plant orchids together.
Huaiji County is a large county where pigs are transferred from the national level.
In Shidong Town, the second and third districts of the Shidong Smart Pig Farm project covering an area of more than 1,500 acres have introduced breeding pigs. The overall project is nearing completion. The fish ponds have been filled up, pig houses, feed plants, organic treatment areas, etc. The buildings are neatly arranged in green mountains and green waters.
"The project plans to raise 13,000 pigs and produce 300,000 piglets per year." Project manager Yao Honghua introduced that the Shidong Smart Pig Farm is owned by the leading domestic animal husbandry company, New Hope Liuhe Group, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Zhaoqing Xinhao Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd. Construction investment.
In April 2020, Shidong Town was shortlisted for the construction of national agricultural industry strong towns. As a characteristic industry of Shidong Town, pig breeding has also ushered in the "golden period" of development.
At present, there are 11 high-quality pig breeding bases with a batch of more than 300 (including) live pigs in Shidong Town, nearly 100 breeding farms above the designated size, more than 40 breeding cooperatives and family farms, and the town has up to More than 200,000 heads, with an output value of more than 400 million yuan, accounting for more than 80% of the town's total output value of animal husbandry.
The orchids in Shigou Town and the pigs in Shidong Town are the epitome of Zhaoqing’s acceleration of the construction of "one village, one product, one town, one industry" professional villages.
Zhaoqing follows the development path of "standardization, branding, specialization, and industrialization", focusing on the development of advantageous industrial clusters, supporting characteristic agriculture as the leading pillar industry, and serving as the core support for promoting the revitalization of rural industries in Zhaoqing.
At present, in the "611" project for the development of modern agriculture in Zhaoqing, six advantageous agricultural industrial clusters with an annual output value of more than 10 billion yuan in grain, fruit, vegetables, livestock, aquatic products, and southern medicine are forming rapidly.
In 2020, Zhaoqing will speed up the construction of specialized villages and have approved 75 projects; newly recognized 1 national-level agricultural industry strong town, 2 national "one village, one product" demonstration villages and towns; recognized 16 provincial-level specialized towns and provincial-level specialized villages 96.
In the rose garden, it is said that the three industries are integrated-
Mining connotation and characteristics
Walking into Taidong Village, Jiangkou Street, Fengkai County, where clear streams are accompanied by bamboo forests, mushrooms are planted under the forests, and on a quiet riverside path, Chen Manfei from Guangzhou and his family are walking in a stroller.
"We are here for vacation." Chen Manfei said, "The homestays here are very convenient for eating and lodging. You can also buy agricultural products and cook by yourself."
Not far from Taidong Village is Lizhi New Village, which belongs to Jiangkou Street, and there is an e-commerce service station at the entrance of the village.
The owner, Wu Xinghui, who was preparing for the live broadcast, said that he used to be engaged in e-commerce in Zhejiang and saw that a large number of high-quality agricultural and sideline products in his hometown could not be sold, so he returned to his hometown and cooperated with the villagers through registration of e-commerce brands and “testing the water” of e-commerce live broadcasts. , Realize income increase and get rich.
In the past year, his team has grown to more than a dozen people. "The platform will have sales of about 6 million yuan in 2020, and we still have a lot of room for growth."
The reporter came to Qiantu Village, Xingfu Street, Huaiji County, where flowers clustered in the hills and hills beyond the horizon. This is the Guangdong Huachen Rose Ecological Agriculture Park, which opened on October 1, 2020. It is dominated by Huachen Rose and Passion Fruit. Industrial characteristic flower and fruit industrial park.
"Huachen Rose Industry Integrated Tourism Comprehensive Development Project is mainly for characteristic agricultural planting. It is a three-industry integrated development project integrating rural tourism, leisure sightseeing, health and vacation, cultural experience and product deep processing." Huachen Rose Garden Administration Department manager Qian Farong introduced that the park has an intensive land area of 3,090 acres, which is planted with specialty crops such as roses, passion fruit, golden sunflower, Vietnamese olecranon, and bitter gourd. It can not only be used for sightseeing, but also provide deep processing after picking. The market is very popular. .
"By 2022, the planting area of characteristic flowers and fruits in the industrial park will reach 100,000 mu. It is estimated that 15,000 people will be associated with farmers and the output value will exceed 1 billion yuan. It will form a high degree of standardized planting, first-class processing technology, outstanding cultural tourism brand, and one The secondary and tertiary industries are highly integrated and radiate to drive a powerful and benefit-sharing agricultural modernization development pattern." said the person in charge of the Huachen Rose Garden project.
Walking into Tiekeng Village, Luoyuan Town, Sihui City, the neat ancient village is quiet and vigorous. Tourists in twos and threes are admiring the centuries-old "Zeng's ancestral hall" in the village.
"We are building beautiful villages, highlighting the combination of'agricultural, cultural and tourism', creating rural tourism routes, and driving the sales of agricultural products." Luoyuan Town Party Committee Secretary Jiao Yaqiu said that Luoyuan combined the actual conditions of the villages in the town and used agricultural planting as the basis. Take the foundation, take cultural excavation as the connotation, take advantage of characteristic resources and beautiful ecological environment, and take the road of integrated development of the three industries.
At present, the catering industry and specialty shops in Luoyuan Town are growing, and group tours and self-driving tours are gradually emerging.
At present, Zhaoqing focuses on expanding the development of the integration of the three industries, accelerating the development of the "agriculture +" model, and comprehensively promoting new business forms such as leisure agriculture, rural tourism, and health care.
According to statistics, in recent years, Zhaoqing has cultivated 2 key national tourism villages, 2 beautiful leisure villages in China, 18 Guangdong provincial-level leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration towns (spots), 5 provincial-level cultural and tourism characteristic villages, and provincial-level villages. 1 tourist-style town.
(Economic Daily-China Economic Net reporter Zhang Jianjun)