China News Service, December 28. According to the website of the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Central Network Information Office, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Energy Administration recently issued the "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a National Integrated Big Data Center Collaborative Innovation System" (hereinafter referred to as " Opinions”), proposed to optimize the layout of data center infrastructure construction and accelerate the realization of intensive, large-scale, and green development of data centers.

  Opinions requested to strengthen the top-level design of the national integrated big data center.

Optimize the layout of data center infrastructure construction, accelerate the realization of intensive, large-scale, and green development of data centers, and form a "digital network" system; accelerate the establishment and improvement of cloud resource access and integrated scheduling mechanisms to reduce computing power usage costs and thresholds, Form a “digital network” system; strengthen cross-departmental, cross-regional, and cross-level data circulation and governance, build a digital supply chain, and form a “digital chain” system; deepen the role of big data in social governance and public services, finance, energy, transportation, Collaborative innovation in the fields of commerce, industrial manufacturing, education, medical care, cultural tourism, agriculture, scientific research, space, biology, etc., to prosper the intelligent application of data in various industries, and form a "digital brain" system; accelerate the improvement of the level of big data security and strengthen the computing power The security protection of data resources forms a "digital shield" system.

  The opinion puts forward that by 2025, data centers across the country will form an integrated infrastructure with a reasonable layout and a green and intensive infrastructure.

The east and west data centers have achieved structural balance, and the operating power utilization efficiency of large and super large data centers has dropped below 1.3.

Data center intensive, large-scale, and green levels have increased significantly, and the utilization rate has increased significantly.

The public cloud service system has initially taken shape, and the cost of obtaining computing power in the whole society has been significantly reduced.

Data barriers between government departments and between government and enterprises have been further broken, and the vitality of data resource circulation has increased significantly.

The effect of the collaborative application of big data is prominent. A number of industry data brains and urban data brains have been formed nationwide, and the situation of efficient conversion of computing resources and data resources into intellectual resources of the whole society has basically taken shape, and data security capabilities have been steadily improved.

  The opinions specifically put forward various measures such as innovating the construction of the big data center system, optimizing the layout of the data center, and promoting the servicization of computing power resources, as follows:

Innovative big data center system construction

  The opinion pointed out that the overall planning will focus on the national major regional development strategy, according to the energy structure, industrial layout, market development, climate environment, etc., in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Chengyu and other key regions, as well as some energy-rich Layout of big data center national hub nodes in areas with suitable climate.

Optimize the network, energy and other supporting resources inside the node to guide the development of data center clusters; gather Unicom government and social computing resources to build an integrated computing power service system; improve the common support platform for data circulation and optimize the circulation environment of data elements; drive and drive Data processing and analysis, circulation transactions, software and hardware R&D and manufacturing, and other big data industry ecological cluster development.

Establish a high-speed data transmission network between nodes, support the deployment of nationwide computing power resources, and form a national computing power hub system.

Optimize data center layout

  Opinion requests to optimize the data center supply structure.

Develop regional data center clusters, strengthen regional coordination and linkage, optimize the policy environment, guide the clustering of data centers in the region, and promote large-scale, intensive, and green development.

Guide all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) to fully integrate and utilize existing resources and be guided by market demand to orderly develop moderate-scale, intensive and green data centers to serve the demand for computing power in the region.

For small and scattered data centers with poor efficiency and high energy consumption, it is necessary to speed up the transformation and upgrade to improve efficiency.

  Promote network interconnection.

Optimize the layout of the national Internet backbone direct connection points, promote the construction of a new Internet exchange center, improve the quality of interconnection between telecom operators and Internet companies, optimize data center cross-network and cross-regional data interaction, and achieve higher-quality data transmission services.

Actively promote the establishment of direct data center networks between regional data center clusters and between clusters and major cities.

Increase the monitoring of data center network quality and guarantee capabilities to improve network communication quality.

Promote the reduction of major communication costs such as domestic inter-provincial digital private line circuits and Internet access bandwidth.

  The opinions also emphasized the strengthening of energy supporting mechanisms.

Explore the establishment of a joint construction and coordinated operation mechanism for power and data networks to further reduce the cost of electricity for data centers.

Speed ​​up the formulation of national standards for data center energy efficiency and promote the improvement of the green data center standard system.

Guide the development and use of clean energy and accelerate the promotion and application of advanced energy-saving technologies.

Encourage data center operators to strengthen internal energy consumption data monitoring and management to improve energy efficiency.

Encourage all regions to combine layout orientation, explore and optimize energy consumption policies, and explore cross-provincial energy consumption and benefit sharing and sharing cooperation within the region.

Promote the construction of green data centers and accelerate the energy-saving and green transformation of data centers.

  In addition, expand international cooperation in infrastructure.

Continue to strengthen international exchanges and cooperation in the construction and use of data centers.

Focusing on the “Belt and Road” construction, accelerate the promotion of data center connectivity and sharing, and enhance global information service capabilities.

Accelerate the construction of international gateways, border stations, and cross-border land-submarine cables along the “Belt and Road” initiative, and actively carry out international data center construction or cooperative operations along the way.

Integrate computing power and data resources, accelerate the improvement of the end-to-end delivery and operation capabilities of the industrial chain, and promote high-quality international cooperation.

Promote the service of computing power resources

  According to opinions, build an integrated computing power service system.

Accelerate the establishment and improvement of cloud resource access and integrated scheduling mechanisms, provide computing resources in the form of cloud services, and reduce computing power usage costs and thresholds.

Support the construction of a high-level cloud service platform to further improve resource scheduling capabilities.

Support government-enterprise cooperation, create public computing power services that integrate basic computing resources and public data development and utilization environments, and provide low-cost, wide-covered, reliable and safe computing power services to governments, enterprises and the public.

Support enterprises to play the role of market-oriented entities, innovate technological models and service experiences, create industry computing power services that integrate professional computing resources and industry data development and utilization environments, and support industry digital transformation and the cultivation of new business models and new models

  At the same time, optimize the demand structure of computing power resources.

Application-oriented, give full play to the advantages of cloud intensive scheduling, guide various industries to use computing resources rationally, and improve the efficiency of infrastructure utilization.

For services that require back-end processing and storage and have low requirements for network latency, support for cluster scheduling to data centers in regions with rich energy and suitable climate; for services that require high-frequency service calls and require extremely high network latency, support for City-level high-performance, edge data center scheduling; for other computing power requirements, it supports scheduling to data center clusters in the region.

Accelerate data circulation and integration

  Opinions put forward to improve the data circulation system and mechanism.

Accelerate the improvement of systems and regulations and institutionalized operating procedures for data resource collection, processing, right confirmation, use, circulation, and transactions.

Establish and improve data resource quality evaluation and price formation mechanisms.

Improve the new big data comprehensive transaction mechanism covering different data development levels such as raw data, desensitized data, modeled data and artificial intelligence data.

Explore a fiscal, taxation and financial policy system that is conducive to the formation of a super-large-scale data element market.

Carry out data management capability evaluation and implementation standards, and guide various industries and fields to improve data management capabilities.

  In addition, promote the integration of government and enterprise data.

Encourage the opening of data that is of great value to people's livelihood services, social governance, and industrial development by opening up data sets, providing data interfaces, and data sandboxes.

Explore the formation of a standard specification and docking mechanism for the integration of government and enterprise data, support the joint verification and model docking of data between government and enterprise parties, and effectively meet the government's social governance, public services and market value-added service needs.

  The opinions also called for deepening the sharing of government data.

Fully rely on the national integrated government service platform, give play to the supporting role of the data exchange channel of the national data sharing exchange platform, establish a sound government data sharing responsibility list mechanism, and expand the scope of government data sharing.

Accelerate the construction and improvement of a data sharing standard system, solve problems such as cross-departmental, cross-regional, and cross-level data standards, difficult data understanding, poor machine readability, and semantic differences, and further break down departmental data barriers.

Deepen innovation in big data applications

  Opinions said, to improve the comprehensive governance capabilities of government big data.

Promote the comprehensive application of big data around the country's major strategic layout.

Relying on the national integrated government service platform and the national "Internet + supervision" system, deepen the application of big data analysis in government service and supervision.

Support all departments to use industry and regulatory data to build a "data range" for the handling of major emergencies such as public health and natural disasters, and regularly carry out "data exercises" to provide data support for decision-making, research, and dispatch during major emergencies .

  In addition, the opinions also propose measures to strengthen the support of big data public services, promote the digital transformation and upgrading of the industry, promote the construction of industrial big data platforms, and accelerate the innovative application of urban big data.

Strengthen big data security protection

  In terms of big data security protection, opinions pointed out that to promote the breakthrough and application of core technologies.

Focusing on server chips, cloud operating systems, cloud databases, middleware, distributed computing and storage, and data circulation models, strengthen the research and development support for key technology products.

Encourage IT equipment manufacturers, data centers and cloud service providers, digital transformation enterprises and other industrial forces to jointly tackle key problems and accelerate technological innovation breakthroughs and the application of safe and reliable products.

  At the same time, strengthen the security of big data.

Accelerate the construction of an integrated and coordinated security assurance system that runs through basic networks, data centers, cloud platforms, data, and applications, and improve the security and reliability of big data.

Basic networks, data centers, cloud service platforms, etc. strictly implement network security laws, regulations, and policy standards, carry out communications network security protection, and synchronize planning, construction and operation of network security facilities to improve the ability to respond to advanced threats.

Accelerate the research and improvement of risk identification and protection technologies, data desensitization technologies, data security compliance assessment and certification, data encryption protection mechanisms and related technical monitoring methods for the integration of massive data.

Various industries strengthen the security protection of cloud applications to ensure the safe operation of business online.

Safety precautions

  In terms of safeguard measures, opinions are required, working mechanisms are improved, and tasks are implemented.

Encourage all regions to innovate related supporting policies, formulate integrated big data center construction plans and collaborative innovation implementation plans that meet their own characteristics, and accelerate their implementation.