China News Service, Beijing, October 18 (Reporter Wang Enbo) Chinese officials recently issued a document expressly supporting Shenzhen's pilot comprehensive authorization reform.
Peng Sen, chairman of the China Society for Economic System Reform and former deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, recently said in an exclusive interview with China News Agency "China Focus" that this means that Shenzhen will comprehensively promote market-oriented reforms and a higher level of opening up. Will have comprehensive responsibilities and comprehensive reform autonomy.
“Comprehensive authorization is the core of this plan and the biggest highlight.” Looking back at Shenzhen’s development history, Peng Sen pointed out that the establishment of a special economic zone in 1980 was a special policy and flexible measure. Many requirements or policies of the central government should be adopted in the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone if appropriate. Implementation, if inappropriate, you can take workarounds.
The current comprehensive authorization is a brand-new attempt and exploration of reform forms in an environment of comprehensively deepening reforms and comprehensively governing the country according to law.
Peng Sen, chairman of the China Society for Economic System Reform and former deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, recently accepted an exclusive interview with China News Agency "China Focus".
Photo by China News Agency reporter Hou Yu
What exactly is comprehensive authorization?
Penson explained that, specifically, it is a list-type and batch-type application and approval.
In accordance with the overall requirements of the central government, for example, Shenzhen will be built into a modern, international and innovative city by 2025, by 2035 it will be a city model for China to build a socialist modern power, and by 2050 it will be highly competitive, innovative, and influential. To achieve these goals, it is necessary to give sufficient supporting policies and powers to the world’s benchmark cities.
He said that through this kind of list-type and batch-type applications and authorizations, in important areas and key links, the power needed to solve some major institutional problems is truly handed over to Shenzhen.
In this case, Shenzhen will have comprehensive responsibilities and comprehensive reform autonomy to comprehensively promote market-oriented reforms and a higher level of opening to the outside world.
It is worth noting that the time span of the Shenzhen comprehensive reform pilot implementation plan is from 2020 to 2025, and it is clear that the first batch of comprehensive authorization list will be issued.
Penson said that as work progresses, there may be a second and third batch of lists. As long as the system and mechanism obstacles encountered in the reform and the constraints of existing laws and regulations encountered, the superstructure and production relations need to be further resolved. Some of the problems in the United States, to open the way for the liberation of productivity, can be reported to the central government through a list. After proper procedures, those involving laws shall be approved and authorized by the National People's Congress; those involving certain powers and responsibilities of the State Council or the rules and regulations of the State Council shall be authorized by the State Council. This is an important and comprehensive attempt to further improve the relationship between the central and local governments and give local governments differentiated reform enthusiasm. (Finish)