The construction of digital government has entered the "deep water zone", and the problem of data circulation and sharing needs to be solved
With the increasing maturity of new technologies such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and 5G, data as a key production factor has penetrated into all aspects of social life, and my country's digital government construction has ushered in a new development.
Especially in terms of accelerating the cultivation of the data element market, the central government recently issued a document to put forward new pilot requirements for Shenzhen as a pilot demonstration area, including taking the lead in improving the data property rights system, piloting the open sharing of government data, researching and demonstrating the establishment of a data trading market, etc. Many aspects.
At present, the construction of my country's digital government has entered an era of accelerated development of data, and multi-dimensional innovations around government data are in the ascendant.
According to the "2020 United Nations E-Government Survey Report", the ranking of my country's e-government development in 2020 has increased by 20 places compared with 2018. In particular, the online service index, which is a core indicator of the national e-government development level, has greatly increased its ranking to 9th in the world.
Wu Zhigang, director of the Institute of Information and Software Industry of CCID Research Institute and deputy director of the China Software Evaluation Center, told China Business News that the foundation for my country's digital government construction is already in place, and the "skeleton" has been set up, but the development is still insufficient. "Still not smooth.
The development and utilization of data resources in my country is still in the exploratory stage, and the supply of data resources is insufficient and the imbalance of data applications is obvious.
When data-driven becomes a key feature of the modernization of national governance, how to give full play to the leading role of government data to promote the transformation of governance models, and then improve the national governance capacity system and the level of governance capacity modernization, has become a key issue in the construction of digital government.
Digital government is blooming everywhere
Digital government is blooming everywhere
Regarding the cultivation of the data element market in Shenzhen, the recently announced "Shenzhen Construction of a Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics Comprehensive Reform Pilot Implementation Plan (2020-2025)" proposes to take the lead in improving the data property rights system and exploring new mechanisms for data property rights protection and utilization , Establish a data privacy protection system.
Pilot projects to promote open sharing of government data.
Support the construction of a data platform in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, study and demonstrate the establishment of a data trading market or rely on existing trading venues to carry out data transactions.
Carry out pilot projects for statistical accounting of data production factors.
Wu Zhigang told CBN that the attempt of Shenzhen Pilot Zone is to solve the difficulties and pain points in the process of data element allocation.
As a new production factor, data has the characteristics of reproducibility, reusability, and repeated processing to generate new data. To whom does the processed data belong, and how to realize data market transactions?
New game rules and institutional systems need to be established to ensure the circulation and sharing of data.
"To promote the development and utilization of public data resources, we must first'clear rights and responsibilities'." Wu Zhigang emphasized that the development and utilization of public data resources involves many subjects. In the entire process of data sharing and circulation, the rights, responsibilities, and interests of all parties should be balanced. The key is to make data safe and flow smoothly.
At the same time, it is necessary to further clarify the main responsibilities, security obligations, and related rights and interests of each link of the data resource life cycle, ensure that the rights and responsibilities of data resource development and utilization are clear, and promote the development and utilization of public data resources from "quantitative change" to "qualitative change".
Nowadays, measures to accelerate the construction of "digital government" are blooming all over the country, and digital application scenarios are fully promoted.
In the field of judicial services, the construction of smart courts is promoting the modernization of the trial system and trial capabilities.
Relying on new technologies, smart courts support judicial trials, litigation services, and judicial management in a highly informative manner, realizing full-service online processing, full-process openness, and full-scale intelligent services.
"The construction of smart courts can further optimize judicial services, and strive to make the people feel fair and just in every judicial case." said Zhang Shuyuan, member of the party group and vice president of the Supreme People's Court.
As of August 30, China Judging Documents Network has published a total of 100 million documents, and the cumulative number of visits has exceeded 48 billion.
The "China Mobile Micro Court" was developed based on the WeChat mini program, allowing people to enjoy convenient, fast, and high-quality litigation services without leaving their homes, and realized cross-domain case filing.
In the financial sector, banks are exploring a new model of smart government construction based on government-bank cooperation based on the theme of “optimizing governance, promoting industry, benefiting the people, and helping farmers”.
According to Wang Yongqing, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of China Construction Bank, China Construction Bank is using a smart government comprehensive service platform to create a “government service hall” around the people to alleviate the “last mile” problem of the masses.
Relying on the power of financial technology to establish new models of inclusive finance such as "Benefit You" and "Cloud Tax Loan" to enhance the effectiveness of digital government services.
Especially during the epidemic, the "health code", as an innovative practice of digital technology in the field of epidemic prevention and control, is an important manifestation of the level of digital construction in my country.
At the Digital Government Sub-forum of the 3rd Digital China Construction Summit held on the 12th, according to Lu Xiangdong, director of the E-Government Office of the General Office of the State Council, nearly 900 million people have applied for the “Health Code” nationwide and more than 40 billion people have used it.
"The epidemic has become a booster for the construction of digital government." This view became the consensus of many participants.
"This successful practice of'digital anti-epidemic' is a comprehensive test of the effectiveness of my country's digital government construction in recent years, and also shows a good foundation and great potential for advancing the construction of digital government." Lu Xiangdong said.
He believes that my country has good conditions for advancing the construction of digital government, which is embodied in the continuous deepening of technology applications, the continuous enrichment of innovative practices, the continuous strengthening of platform support and the continuous improvement of policy systems.
Data governance needs to be deepened
Data governance needs to be deepened
In terms of the level of digital government construction in different regions, Professor Zhang Xiaojin, Dean of the Department of Political Science and Director of the Data Governance Center of Tsinghua University, believes that the construction of digital government is relatively better in areas with developed economies, dense data, and high data quality.
Correspondingly, the better the development of digital government, the more effective measures to facilitate enterprises, which will also promote regional economic development and form a virtuous circle.
As the construction of digital government enters the "deep water zone", how to use business synergy as the driving force, strengthen the overall coordination of data sharing, and establish and improve the national integrated government data sharing service system, represented by Alibaba, ZTE, Huawei, and Taiji Computer Technology companies are exploring.
Wang Jian, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and founder of Alibaba Cloud, believes that the construction of traditional smart cities lacks the support of urban governance and technical systems. Every company is emphasizing a single technology, but how to integrate cloud computing, big data, blockchain, and artificial intelligence. When technologies are merged together, a complete technical system is formed under the organization of the urban brain center structure. Many organizations have not considered this issue clearly.
In the digital age, the government governance model has also undergone tremendous changes.
"Because of big data, cloud computing, and more convenient access methods, the previously singular government-based governance model has become a governance system that includes ordinary people and enterprises in all aspects. This is my country's governance capability system. It is a very important manifestation of modernization and governance capabilities." Taiji Computer Co., Ltd. President Lu Yi emphasized.
On the other hand, due to the scattered demand and resources of the masses and the imperfect digital government operating mechanism, my country's digital government construction still faces the problem of "data islands". Inconsistent data standards, low data quality, and hidden data security have all become the digital transformation of social governance. Potential challenges.
Business-driven data flow, cross-border integration and shared development of government data, social data and industry data, China Unicom is making relevant attempts.
According to He Biao, deputy general manager of China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd., in terms of digital Guangdong government big data governance, the participants have pioneered a new “1+2” model of government data management, that is, under the coordination of the Guangdong Provincial Government, China Unicom will act as The data management governance party, the construction and operation party of the Shuguang Company, and the security audit party of the Ministry of Public Security have formed a tripartite innovation pattern of "separation of management, operation and review" and "co-construction and co-governance".
Yang Jun, deputy general manager of China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd. believes that data is the core of building digital government business, and data integration and sharing is the key to realizing the value of data.
To build a digital government, we should start with the current "obstruction" that restricts data sharing, and gradually solve the problems of data standardization, access, rights and responsibilities, and update, and open up the various points of data sharing, so as to realize the "all the way" and sharing of data.
On this basis, it is necessary to build a complete big data governance system and data security protection mechanism, strengthen data governance and security protection, and further promote in-depth data mining and intelligent applications.
From “one window”, government affairs approval, real estate registration, to epidemic prevention health code, smart parking, remote consultation, etc., pilot demonstrations around key areas, core technologies, and typical applications will become the “tough battle” for China's digital government construction Important tasks. Through the promotion of point-to-face and demonstration, China's digital government construction is expected to achieve overall breakthroughs.
(Author: Qiu Zhili)