How to do economic work in the second half of the year⑩
Agriculture: Focus on ensuring supply and speed up making up for shortcomings
□ Qiao Jinliang, reporter of Economic Daily and China Economic Net
The Politburo meeting of the CPC Central Committee held on July 30 proposed that we must make every effort to consolidate the foundation of agriculture. Since the beginning of this year, the central government has repeatedly emphasized the need to ensure the supply of grain and important agricultural products, and ensuring supply has become a key word in agricultural work in the second half of the year.
"In the near future, we have focused on rushing early rice harvesting and mid-late rice rushing, continuing to promote the recovery of live pig production, and striving to ensure stable production and supply of vegetable basket products. The overall agricultural and rural economy is operating well." Wei Baigang, chief economist and director of the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Said that in the next step, it is necessary to further focus on key areas such as ensuring food security and stabilizing the supply of live pigs, and take strong and effective measures and extraordinary measures to speed up the "three rural" to make up for the shortcomings, and provide a powerful force for the decisive battle against poverty and the full construction of a well-off society on schedule. support.
"We must pay close attention to grain production, start and finish well in autumn grain field management, to ensure that the harvest should be fully harvested, and the harvest is high." Pan Wenbo, director of the Plant Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that this year, in the case of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, summer grains A bumper harvest was achieved, and the output reached 285.6 billion jin, a record high, an increase of 2.42 billion jin over the previous year; the area planted with early rice increased by 4.7 million mu over the previous year, reversing the downward trend for seven consecutive years. The bulk of the annual grain production is autumn grain, accounting for more than 70%. The sown area of autumn grains this year has stabilized at 1.28 billion mu. The current growth is good. There is a basis for another bumper harvest, but there are many passes such as floods, summer droughts, "cold dew wind", early frost, and pests and diseases.
Severe floods in southern my country this year caused certain losses to agricultural production, and agricultural disasters were heavier than normal. Pan Wenbo said that at present, the nationwide flood control has entered a critical period. We must adhere to both flood control and drought relief, strengthen monitoring and early warning, strengthen technical guidance, and focus on preventing floods, typhoons, summer droughts, and early frosts. Instruct the flood-stricken areas to replant short-term crops according to local conditions, and strive to minimize disaster losses. Currently, three major migratory pests affect autumn grain production. Spodoptera frugiperda poses a greater threat to corn, while rice planthoppers and rice leaf rollers have greater impact on rice. It is necessary to give full play to the role of the four barriers for the prevention and control of grassland spodoptera, focusing on the implementation of the Yellow River prevention and control tasks, and strive to ensure the safety of corn in the Huanghuaihai and Northeast China.
"During the flood season, compared with ordinary fields, the town’s high-standard farmland receded faster and suffered less damage. This year, the town made every effort to promote the full coverage of high-standard farmland construction, and 18,000 mu of farmland was included in the construction of 9 villages in the town. After its completion, it will be beneficial to the efficiency of large-scale machinery operations, and'Wangtiantian' has become a'stable production field.'" Zhan Min, Party Secretary of Changbu Town, Anyi County, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province said that the construction of high-standard farmland will be increased in the second half of the year. .
Since the beginning of this year, farmland construction has made positive progress. The two channels of central fiscal transfer payment and investment within the central budget have all issued 86.7 billion yuan in subsidies for farmland construction in 2020, an increase of 780 million yuan over the previous year. As of the end of June, 43.385 million mu of high-standard farmland had been built across the country, accounting for 54.2% of the annual mission of 80 million mu. Guo Yongtian, director of the Department of Farmland Construction Management of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that he will urge all localities to benchmark farmland construction tasks, accelerate construction progress, strengthen project quality management, ensure that the annual construction tasks are completed on schedule, and continue to improve agricultural production conditions to ensure food security. Consolidate the foundation.
Stabilizing the production and supply of live pigs is another key task for agriculture to make up for the shortcomings in the second half of the year. On August 17, the latest data released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs showed that in July, my country's live pig inventory achieved year-on-year growth for the first time. Yang Zhenhai, director of the Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that this is the first year-on-year increase in pig stocks since April 2018, and it is another important turning point for the recovery of pig production capacity following the year-on-year increase in the stock of reproductive sows in June. The year-on-year increase in the live pig inventory indicates that the number of live pigs will also achieve a year-on-year growth in 5 months, which will fundamentally reverse the tight supply in the market.
Yang Zhenhai said that in order to ensure that the national pig production capacity is basically restored to close to the normal level by the end of 2020, it is necessary to strictly prevent and control the African swine fever epidemic, carry out a special 100-day action to rectify illegal transportation of pigs, and continue to implement financial, land use, and environmental protection support. policy. At the same time, it is necessary to coordinate the promotion of the utilization of livestock and poultry manure resources and the high-quality development of animal husbandry, accelerate the construction of a development mechanism that combines planting and breeding, and the cycle of agriculture and animal husbandry, and raise the modernization level of the entire animal husbandry industry chain.