(Chinese Poverty Reduction Story) Colorful paintings in Ningxia are gorgeous "dreams of well-off"
China News Service, Yinchuan, July 28th, title: Colorful paintings in Ningxia are gorgeous "dreams of well-off"
China News Service reporter Li Peishan
Ningxia is located in the inland northwest of China. It used to be synonymous with poverty, and it was also a symbol of the "grey yellow" of sand-filled and barren land. Today, red goji berries, white Tan sheep, purple wine grapes, yellow daylily, green Chinese herbal medicine... these gifts of nature not only enter the tip of the tongue from the fields, but also go abroad, and the colorful and gorgeous paintings of Ningxia can be seen. "Dream of well-off."
The staff sorts the fresh wolfberry fruits just picked. Photo by Yu Jing
"Red agate" in the sand
Lycium barbarum is a regional symbol, characteristic industry, and cultural brand of Ningxia. It is also a "red business card" facing the whole country and going to the world. From June to July every year, when you walk into the planting base of Zhongning, the "Hometown of Lycium", endless red rolls in, and the first stubble of wolfberry is covered with branches, crystal clear like agate. These small red fruits growing in sandy soil are also the "golden peas" in the hearts of farmers.
"The spacing of wolfberry trees is 1 meter, and the row spacing is 2.2 meters. The irrigation water source is a natural alkaline water source from Luoshan Nature Reserve. High-quality wolfberry helps high-quality poverty alleviation." Xizan Ecological Wolfberry Manor in Hongliu Bay, Zhongning Manager Gao Guiwu recently told reporters that in the peak picking seasons of summer and autumn, the manor needs 2,000 workers, all of whom come from nearby immigration areas, and each person's income exceeds 20,000 yuan (RMB, the same below).
In June and July every year, the fresh wolfberry fruit on the branches proclaims the joy of harvest. Photo by Yu Jing
In the first harvesting season of wolfberry stubble this year, Ningxia formed a "Goji berry group" to enter the live broadcast room, and explored a new way for the prosperity of the agricultural specialty product industry through the innovation of the new model of "live broadcast + special agricultural products". Only one county in Zhongning has accumulated 16,698 sales, with sales exceeding 1.08 million yuan.
As of the end of 2019, the annual output value of Ningxia wolfberry has exceeded 13 billion yuan, and the planting area is 1 million mu, accounting for 33% of the country's total wolfberry area. The wolfberry products are also gradually derived from a single dried fruit, such as fresh wolfberry, wolfberry mask, and wolfberry puree. The products are exported to more than 40 countries and regions, accounting for 40% of the national export volume.
Yellow flowers just picked. Photo by Yang Di
The "Yellow Flower Sea" on the "Sewang" Field
In 1999, 230,000 immigrants moved from the impoverished mountainous area in southern Ningxia to Hongsipu District, where the country's largest single ecological immigrant poverty alleviation centralized resettlement area was built here, exploring the development path of "small yellow flowers" to achieve "big industry".
The day lily, which can be regarded as flowers, can be used as food, and used as medicine, is a green food with the same medicine and food. Hongsipu District has a proven selenium-enriched land area of 136,800 mu with a stratum thickness of more than 200 cm. It is an excellent area for growing day lily. At present, 80,200 acres of selenium-rich day lily have been developed.
Farmers pick in the yellow flower field. Photo by Yang Di
"I have planted yellow flowers for twelve years, built a new house at home, and bought a car. This is something I have never thought of before growing wheat and corn." Li Haimei, a villager in Xingmin Village, Taiyangshan Town, Hongsibao District, told reporters that daylily made her His dream of being well-off has also become the "money grass" in the village.
During the harvest season, the production of daylily in Hongsibao exceeded 14,000 tons, with a comprehensive output value of 420 million yuan, accounting for more than 30% of the local annual agricultural output value.
In March of this year, Hongsibao District successfully took off the national poverty-stricken counties. Tan Xingling, deputy secretary of the Hongsipu District Committee and the mayor of the government, told reporters that they will increase the promotion of new varieties and scientific research to make the daylily industry a leading brand in the agricultural industry in western China.
Farmers sliced astragalus in the Chinese herbal medicine poverty alleviation workshop in Liancai Town, Longde County. Photo by Yu Jing
"Natural Medicine Bank" in Liupan Mountain
"Our astragalus, dangshen and other products are mainly sold to Guangdong, Fujian, Hong Kong and other places. The locals cannot do without high-quality Chinese herbal medicines." said Huang Ling, head of Ningxia Guolong Pharmaceutical in Liancai Town, Longde County, Guyuan City In 2019, the company sold more than 800 tons of Chinese medicinal materials to the Pearl River Delta. The market is mainly in the southeast coast and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions.
The Liupan Mountain in Ningxia has diverse climate and suitable ecology. There are 618 species of medicinal plants of 90 families in three floras of Northwest, North China and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. There are authentic Chinese medicinal materials such as Astragalus, Gentiana, Bupleurum, Scutellaria, Radix. At the same time, the Xihaigu area under Liupan Mountain is the starting point of China's poverty alleviation history. At present, the Chinese medicinal material industry that has emerged here has transformed into a pillar for farmers to get rich and increase their income.
Farmers sorted and packaged astragalus in the Chinese herbal medicine poverty alleviation workshop in Liancai Town, Longde County. Photo by Yu Jing
It has also attracted investment from many outsiders. Jiang Wende, a native of Fuyang, Anhui, is the chairman of Mingde Chinese Medicine Decoction Pieces Co., Ltd. He came to Guyuan to buy land and build a factory in 2002 from China (Bozhou) Chinese Medicine Trading Center, the world's largest Chinese herbal medicine market. After nearly two decades of development, Mingde has become the first Chinese medicinal material manufacturer approved as a "national high-tech enterprise" in Ningxia. Its annual sales have been maintained at more than 100 million yuan for many years, with a profit of more than 20 million yuan, helping many local farmers Embarked on the road of getting rid of poverty and becoming rich.
Over the years of development, authentic medicinal materials such as Astragalus and Gentiana are recognized as geographical indications by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Ningxia has initially formed a development pattern of "farmers + cooperatives + enterprises + bases". Ningxia Traditional Chinese Medicine Industry Association and Guyuan Chinese Medicine Industry Association Secretary-General Wang Yufu said that they are compiling the "Fourteenth Five-Year Development Plan for Liupanshan Traditional Chinese Medicine Industry" and planning to establish a Liupanshan Traditional Chinese Medicine product trading market.
From the fields to the supermarket tables, the colorful Ningxia agricultural products have become indispensable members. At present, the output value of Ningxia's characteristic and advantageous industries accounts for nearly 90% of the total agricultural output value, and the income of characteristic industries in poor counties (districts) accounts for more than 40% of the per capita disposable income of rural residents. (Finish)