By 2025, 1,000 small store clusters will be formed with high popularity and strong "fireworks"——
Activate the economy of small shops and unblock the "capillaries" of the city
Our reporter Feng Qiyu
Recently, the seven departments jointly issued a notice that by 2025, 100 pilot cities (districts) for cultivating the small shop economy will form 1,000 small shop clusters with high popularity and strong “fireworks”, reaching "100 cities, hundreds of districts, and 100 million shops." "aims. Experts said that stimulating the economic vitality of small shops and helping to smooth the "capillaries" of urban economic activities is a major measure to promote consumption, benefit the people's livelihood, and stabilize employment.
Recently, the Ministry of Commerce and other seven departments jointly issued the "Notice on the Promotion of the Small Store Economy", which proposed that by 2025, 100 pilot cities (districts) for the small store economy will be cultivated, and 100 service companies will be empowered to form a popular and popular There are 1,000 small store clusters with strong "fireworks", reaching the goal of "100 cities, hundreds of districts and 100 million stores".
Wang Jixiang, vice president of the China Storage and Distribution Association, said in an interview with a reporter from the Economic Daily that the development of the small store economy is a major measure to promote consumption, benefit the people's livelihood, and stabilize employment. It is necessary to stimulate the economic vitality of small shops and unblock the "capillaries" of urban economic activities by giving play to the role of market players.
According to data, as of the end of 2019, there were more than 80 million registered small shops across the country, driving about 200 million jobs. Small shops usually refer to individual industrial and commercial households in the wholesale, retail, accommodation, catering, household services, distribution services and other industries for consumer consumption, micro-enterprises with less than 10 employees or annual turnover of less than 1 million yuan, and an annual turnover of 15 million yuan Online stores below RMB. As a result, an economic form that promotes popular employment, improves services, and drives diversified consumption is formed, which is called the shop economy.
"The main direction of the policy is to comprehensively promote the quality and upgrading of small store clusters." Wang Jixiang said, on the one hand, it is necessary to increase the supply of commercial facilities resources in various small store clusters and promote the standardized construction of various related infrastructures. . On the other hand, it should be achieved by promoting the upgrade of small store services, and encourage various small store clusters to carry out service upgrades based on their own advantages.
"In order to promote the development of the small shop economy and reduce the operating costs of small, medium and micro enterprises, the state must guide upstream companies to serve the small shop economy and enhance the voice of the small shop." Wang Jixiang said.
The outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has a great impact on the economy of small shops, and the original problems that hinder the economic development of small shops, such as high cost of living, difficult financing and expensive financing, and the business environment to be optimized, also exist. To this end, the "Notice" specifically puts forward the importance of promoting the economic development of small shops as an important measure to do a good job in the "six stability" and implement the tasks of the "six guarantees", formulate local special plans, and use land and housing , Finance, finance, business environment and other aspects to increase policy support, focusing on solving the difficulties and problems encountered in the economic development of small shops.
In terms of relaxing access conditions, support small shops that comply with relevant laws and regulations and have been approved by interested parties to register business licenses with residential and e-commerce operators using online business premises as business premises, and unblock the “green channel” for small shop access. Adjust measures to local conditions, relax temporary restrictions on outdoor sales, and allow small shops along the street with conditions to carry out outdoor sales without affecting public transportation and the lives of surrounding residents. For small shops that focus on the centralized production and sales of semi-finished products in the central kitchen, and can simply process and serve small shops, reduce the business area and kitchen ratio requirements.
In terms of reducing operating costs, it is encouraged to stabilize market rents by co-working and standardizing the addition of outdoor operating booths. Guide small shops to adopt part-time employment, recruit part-time personnel, and share employment to better meet the needs of small shops. Encourage local governments to make good use of employment subsidy funds, unemployment insurance funds, special account funds for vocational skills improvement actions, and employee education funds, and provide support policies such as job stabilization subsidies to qualified shops.
In terms of solving the difficulty of financing and expensive financing, qualified small shops and their operators can apply for business secured loans and financial discount support in accordance with regulations. Encourage government financing guarantee institutions to provide loan guarantee support for small shops that meet the conditions. Support financial institutions to cooperate with core enterprises in the supply chain and e-commerce platforms to provide small shops with credit loans and supply chain financial products such as orders, warehouse receipts, and accounts receivable financing based on the credit relationship between enterprises.