China News Client, Beijing, July 14th (Reporter Li Jinlei) "Now the company's orders have been too large for the workers to be busy."
This is the feeling of Wang Lixin, chairman of Dalent Crafts Co., Ltd., and it confirms the improvement of China's current foreign trade situation.
On July 14, the General Administration of Customs released China's foreign trade data for the first half of the year, and the overall performance was better than expected.
Wei Leichao Li Xueyao Cartography
Exports are growing for 3 consecutive months
Data show that in the first half of the year, although my country's foreign trade imports and exports fell by 3.2%, the decline was significantly narrowed by 3.3 percentage points from the first quarter. Among them, the import and export in June achieved the first positive growth both in the year.
From the monthly trend, imports and exports increased by 5.1% year-on-year in June, and exports have maintained a positive year-on-year growth for three consecutive months since April; imports also turned negative in June after double-digit declines in April and May. ", an increase of 6.2%.
"The overall performance of foreign trade imports and exports in the first half of the year was better than expected." This is the judgment of the spokesman of the General Administration of Customs and the director of the Statistical Analysis Department Li Kuiwen.
The current epidemic is still spreading globally, the world economy is in serious recession, and international trade and investment have shrunk dramatically. China’s foreign trade companies have been struggling this year. field."
Many companies have zero orders in the first quarter, and some companies are in a new dilemma in the second quarter, because there are still some 2019 final orders in the first quarter, but after March, with the changes in overseas epidemics, new orders cannot be received and face resumption The embarrassment of stopping work again.
Under such circumstances, why can China's foreign trade situation exceed expectations?
On the one hand, it is the self-help of enterprises, on the one hand, it is the government's help.
Wei Leichao Li Xueyao Cartography
Bai Ming, deputy director of the International Market Research Institute of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, analyzed China News reporters. The Chinese epidemic was the first to be controlled, and the company was the first to promote the resumption of production and production. It also introduced an export tax rebate policy, increased foreign trade credit placement, and support for export to domestic sales. A series of assistance policies have helped foreign trade enterprises to overcome difficulties, secure markets and secure orders, and effectively promoted exports.
Taking the export tax rebate policy as an example, from January to May this year, the country has handled 632.4 billion yuan of export tax rebates for enterprises.
Yunnan Ruili Huayuan Import and Export Co., Ltd. received 3 tax refunds. "The increase in the export tax rebate rate is a good policy for our export companies. Among them, after the export tax rebate rate of 1084 products was increased to 13%, many products such as biological agents that we produced benefited. Now we have received tax refunds 241.84 Ten thousand yuan has greatly helped us through the difficulties." When it comes to the new policy of export tax rebates, the company's finance chief said.
It is understood that the company is mainly engaged in the export business of mineral products and chemical products. Due to the epidemic situation, the export of goods and foreign orders have been greatly affected. From February to April this year, sales revenue fell by 52% compared with the same period last year. Under the pressure of large funds, the "increased amount" of export tax rebates has solved the urgent needs of enterprises.
The picture shows the Shenzhen airport customs staff checking at the international cargo terminal of the airport. Chen Wenshe
Changes in the pattern: ASEAN becomes the largest trading partner
Looking at China's foreign trade pattern in the first half of the year, there was a major change in that ASEAN became China's largest trading partner.
Among China's top ten trading partners, growth and decline accounted for half of each, and in the second quarter alone, there were 8 growths. Among them, the most eye-catching performance is ASEAN.
In the first half of this year, the import and export value of China and ASEAN reached 2.09 trillion yuan, an increase of 5.6% year-on-year, accounting for 14.7% of China's total foreign trade value, an increase of 1.2 percentage points from the same period last year.
During the same period, China’s imports and exports to the EU were 1.99 trillion yuan, down 1.8%; imports and exports to the US were 1.64 trillion yuan, down 6.6%.
Why can ASEAN become China's largest trading partner?
Li Kuiwen analyzed that this is due to the relatively good overall epidemic prevention and control situation in the region. In recent years, economic and trade cooperation with China has continued to deepen, the industrial chain has been more closely integrated, and bilateral trade has grown steadily.
The picture shows the Haikou Xiuying Port Container Terminal. Photo by Luo Yunfei
Future Outlook: Can exports continue to grow positively?
It is undeniable that the import and export situation in the second half of the year is still complicated and grim. The World Trade Organization expects global trade in goods to decline by 13% to 32%, and UNCTAD is expected to decline by 20%.
Li Kuiwen said that China's foreign trade development has sufficient resilience and plenty of room for maneuver. With the continuous release of the effects of a series of foreign trade stabilization policies and measures, I am confident of stabilizing the basic foreign trade and striving to achieve import and export stabilization and quality improvement.
In Bai Ming's view, it also depends on the situation of overseas epidemic control. If the epidemic situation is gradually controlled, then as foreign demand recovers and orders increase, China's exports are expected to continue to rise.
According to Li Chao, chief economist of Zheshang Securities, China's exports will have three strong supports in the future: the export of anti-epidemic materials is still accelerating, which has a stimulating effect on the entire export; overseas economies are gradually restarting, and external demand is accelerating repair; the global industrial chain is in In the reshaping stage, China's economic recovery has an advantageous position in global competition, which will help boost exports.
Some Chinese foreign trade companies are also optimistic about the positive export performance in the second half of the year. Zhuhai Kelitong Electric Co., Ltd. said that the company's newly signed orders from January to May increased by more than 20% over the same period last year, and it is expected that the annual export will achieve a growth of 20% to 30%. (Finish)