On the one hand, the epidemic has an impact on the economy, on the one hand, the number of employed persons has reached a new high
How to find work for 8.74 million college graduates
Economic Daily · China Economic Net reporter She Ying
Affected by factors such as the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic, graduates will face greater employment pressure this year. Up to now, many places have issued special policies to promote the employment and entrepreneurship of graduates. By encouraging small and medium-sized enterprises to absorb employment, increasing the recruitment ratio of government agencies and state-owned enterprises, expanding the scale of postgraduate entrance examinations and enlisting in the military, developing grass-roots positions, and increasing the support for loans The seamless connection of various measures such as starting a business and giving employment service subsidies has created a "combination punch" in promoting employment policies for college graduates.
This year's new urban employment target for my country is more than 9 million, but the number of college graduates nationwide is as high as 8.74 million. The employment situation of college graduates will have a significant impact on the achievement of the overall employment goal for the whole year.
According to reporters, as of June 28, Gansu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Hubei, Chongqing, Hebei, Tianjin, Guangdong, Tibet and other places have issued special policies to promote the employment and entrepreneurship of college graduates in 2020, by encouraging small and medium-sized enterprises Absorb employment, increase the recruitment ratio of institutions and state-owned enterprises, expand the scale of postgraduate entrance examinations and enlistment in the military, develop grass-roots positions, increase loan quotas to support entrepreneurship, and provide employment service subsidies. Employment policy "combined punch".
Live broadcast, letter writing, cloud recruitment——
Innovative ways to find work
Affected by the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, the most important "spring move" for college students' job search has been cancelled, and many people are worried about the difficulty of finding a job at home. Recently, Zhang Yuanxin, a student of electrical engineering and automation at North China Electric Power University, received two hiring notices at the same time. One is the result of her participation in the school online publicity recruitment meeting, and the other is that the college counselor directly contacts the employer for one-to-one recommendation.
In this special graduation season, it is happy to have such a choice to "tangle". Behind this, there are cloud recruitment activities jointly organized by thousands of universities, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Sciences, including North China Electric Power University.
This year, the Ministry of Education launched a “24365 Campus Recruitment Service” in conjunction with a number of social recruitment platforms, that is, providing recruitment services for graduates 24 hours a day, 365 days a day. As of June 21, "24365" provided 13.13 million post information and received 29.19 million resumes. In order to improve the accuracy of employment services for fresh graduates and focus on key industries and regions, "24365" has also launched 29 special recruitments, including Sichuan "You are in Shu" special, Wuxi "Xi Wang You come" special, "Tencent" Digital new infrastructure—selected famous enterprises”, etc., providing a total of 4.92 million jobs.
According to the survey of 1.05 million college graduates who have been employed by the Employment Center of the Ministry of Education, 24% of graduates obtain job information through “24365”.
Driven by relevant departments, colleges and universities have also opened a "cloud service" for job search. "The epidemic has blocked students from returning to school, but it has not blocked graduates' job search." Zhang Bingfang, director of the employment guidance center of North China Electric Power University, said. Up to now, the school has organized more than 100 online publicity and recruitment fairs, and nearly 2,000 households have participated, and about 110,000 positions have been posted.
In addition to online job fairs, the school has innovative ways to help students find jobs. The most popular live broadcasts not only bring goods, but also bring people. At Luoyang Institute of Technology, the principal Liu International walked into the live broadcast room to recommend students to companies interested in recruiting at the school. At the Luoyang Institute of Technology, the first live broadcast of "Teacher Takes You to Find a Job" attracted more than 7,000 people to watch online, and recommended a total of 4 companies with more than 550 jobs.
The most traditional letter writing also appeared in the job search. "The virus is ruthless and the alumni have love. We hope that with our joint efforts, the younger students and younger sisters can successfully find employment, enterprises can find satisfactory talents, and achieve a win-win situation for enterprises and schools." Write to alumni for help.
Alumni of Jiangxi University of Finance all responded quickly. Yu Yanzhong, the 1984 alumni of Jiangxi University of Finance and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Entrepreneurship Council of China Enterprise Think Tank, contacted more than 4,000 member units and alumni at home and abroad to jointly host a live broadcast event and released 1,362 jobs in 143 home business Job Offers.
Duan Junming, secretary of the party group and director of the Human Resources and Social Security Department of Liaoning Province, believes that due to the epidemic, various offline recruitment activities have not yet been fully restored, and the employment cycle of college graduates has been delayed. In order to reduce costs, some enterprises have reduced their jobs. To solve these problems, more targeted measures are urgently needed.
Issuing subsidies, reducing taxes and fees, and setting positions——
Indicators under the combination of reward and supplement
Whether it is cloud recruitment or live broadcast promotion, the key is to have a job. How to motivate enterprises and institutions to tap the potential of employment and increase the recruitment of college graduates has become a problem encountered in various places.
The reporter noticed that in the regions where special policies are currently in place, they have invariably proposed to provide employment subsidies to recruiting college students, ranging from 1,000 yuan to 5,000 yuan, and some also provide tax relief.
Gansu will provide a one-time employment subsidy to small and medium-sized enterprises that have recruited current college graduates and signed labor contracts for more than one year. Each graduate will receive a subsidy of 1,000 yuan.
Guangdong has made it clear that college graduates within two years of graduation shall find employment in small and medium-sized enterprises, individual industrial and commercial households, social organizations, etc., or in townships (streets), village social management, and public service posts, sign labor contracts for more than one year and participate If the social insurance is more than 6 months, a subsidy of 3,000 yuan per person will be granted to the employer.
Awards and supplements are on the one hand, and some regions have set hard targets, requiring companies to expand the scale of recruiting college graduates. Jiangxi Province requires that state-owned enterprises in Jiangxi, tens of billions of industrial industrial enterprises, enterprises with special advantages and key industries supported by the province, and enterprises in modern service industries should list a certain percentage in the annual employment plan and specifically recruit new college graduates in the province. Tianjin's state-owned enterprises have recruited college graduates by more than 10% this year, providing at least 3,000 jobs, and recruiting college graduates in a targeted manner.
This year, more than 400,000 graduates will be recruited across the country to supplement the ranks of teachers in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, and civil servants and institutions across the country are also vigorously leaning towards college graduates.
As an area heavily affected by the epidemic, the situation faced by college graduates in Hubei is even more special. According to reporters, the vacant positions in public institutions in Hubei Province this year and next will be mainly used for special recruitment of college graduates. At the same time, the recruitment plan for civil servants in Hubei Province will increase by 20% in 2020, and the recruitment plan for elective students will increase by 50%. More than 30,000 people are planned.
Teaching, postgraduate, entrepreneurship——
Do everything possible to expand channels
From the actual situation, the hot jobs in the market really cannot meet the needs of all graduates.
Duan Junming said that college graduates should establish a correct concept of career selection, "The times are developing and society is changing. College students can’t just stare at the "quality work" in the eyes of their parents in the past. They must fully adapt and integrate into the market-oriented and diversified The employment environment combines multi-channel employment and self-employment, and chooses to go to the grass-roots and front-line enterprises of various types to make contributions and realize the value of life."
To this end, the state has issued relevant policies: this year, the central government subsidies for the “three support and one support” program for education, agriculture, medical support, and poverty alleviation nationwide are 32,000, an increase of 18.5% over last year; plans to recruit 105,000 special post teachers , And does not regard teacher qualifications as restrictive conditions; graduate students are expected to expand enrollment of 189,000 people, general secondary school enrollment and expansion of 322,000 people; further implement preferential policies for graduates to join the army, expand the scale of graduates to join the army.
While encouraging college students to look for jobs, localities continue to provide convenience to young students interested in starting a business, with loan support, tax relief, free venues, or direct funding for entrepreneurship. For example, Hebei raised the loan quota for graduates’ personal entrepreneurship from 150,000 yuan to 200,000 yuan, and the loan quota for partnership business from 900,000 yuan to 1.3 million yuan; raised the loan quota for starting small and micro enterprises from 2 million yuan to 3 million yuan. Tibet gives a one-time start-up capital support to entrepreneurship college graduates of 60,000 yuan per person and up to 300,000 yuan per household.
"At present, the party, the government, and all sectors of society are vigorously implementing various promotion measures to help graduates achieve employment, and graduates themselves should actively prepare for employment, wait for them, and actively improve their employability." Duan Junming said, "Those with entrepreneurial ideas and willingness can also take bold steps to start a business, especially actively adapt to the development of the new economic form, and actively try to achieve entrepreneurship through new business forms such as e-commerce and Internet celebrities. In short, we must attack early to find suitable employment and entrepreneurial opportunities, Implement your first job in life as soon as possible."