China News Service Client Beijing, May 30 (Zhang Xu) In the first quarter, affected by the epidemic, China's auto production and sales showed a steep decline. According to data from the China Automobile Association, China's car sales in the first quarter were 3.672 million units, a year-on-year decrease of 42.4%.
Since the beginning of this year, the country has repeatedly emphasized the need to promote automobile consumption. With the introduction of more and more car purchase quotas and subsidies for car purchases, the auto market has begun to pick up. Can the follow-up continue, and what other ways can promote car consumption?
On May 21st, the 17th Hainan International Automobile Exhibition opened in Hainan International Convention and Exhibition Center. China News Service reporter Luo Yunfei
Subsidies are paid for buying more cars
Since this year, stabilizing automobile consumption and boosting the automobile market have become hot topics. On March 23, the Ministry of Commerce, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the National Health and Health Commission jointly issued a notice clearly stating that "actively promote the optimization of car purchase restrictions and stabilize and expand car consumption."
Earlier, on February 3, Foshan City was the first to issue the "Notice of Several Measures to Promote the Upgrade of Consumption in the Automobile Market (Trial)", which intends to provide funds for the purchase of "National VI" standard-displacement vehicles by consumers registered by local car sales companies. The subsidy is based on the purchase of a new car, a change of car, or the purchase of multiple passenger and cargo vehicles at a time.
Subsequently, Guangzhou, Zhuhai, Xiangtan, Changsha, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Nanchang and other places followed up and announced corresponding automobile consumption promotion policies. In May, the pace of local policies to promote automobile consumption has not stopped.
On May 20, the Shanghai Municipal Development and Reform Commission issued "Some Measures to Promote the Consumption of Automobiles in this City", appropriately increasing the number of non-commercial bus quotas in Shanghai's downtown area, and adding 40,000 non-commercial bus quotas in 2020; Retirement of old cars; actively support the consumption of new energy vehicles. This year, the purchase of new energy vehicles is eligible for a subsidy of 5,000 yuan per consumer.
On May 27, Shaanxi Province issued a clear document to encourage automobile consumption, including organizing car sales promotion activities to the countryside, relaxing car restrictions, and supporting cities to appropriately relax or completely remove restrictions on pickup trucks entering the city; and for the purchase of new energy vehicles, it is also recommended that Conditional cities (districts) can provide appropriate support for car-free families to purchase the first domestic new energy vehicle.
Zhang Xiang, an automotive expert from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology ’s Talent Exchange Center, analyzed China News ’reporter:“ The automotive industry accounts for 8% -10% of the country ’s GDP, which accounts for a large proportion. Driving the automobile market can be said to directly drive the country ’s GDP and employment rate. The introduction of subsidies can directly promote consumers to buy new cars or replace old cars, increase market activity, and help develop and stimulate the local economy. "
Tianjin and other purchase-restricted areas increase license plate quotas
In addition to issuing subsidies for car purchases, Zeng Qinghong, chairman of the Guangzhou Automobile Group, recently suggested that the number plate quota in areas where car purchases are restricted should be appropriately increased, car purchase conditions and license restrictions should be relaxed. Fang Yunzhou, chairman of Zhejiang Hezhong New Energy Automobile, proposed to relax the city's new energy vehicle purchase restrictions.
Ye Shengji, deputy secretary-general of the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, believes that the purchase restriction policy in many large cities is detrimental to the development of the industry. Moreover, many consumers in the city have a strong demand for cars. It is necessary to relax them in a planned manner or even to release them conditionally.
On May 20, the General Office of the Tianjin Municipal People's Government issued "Tianjin's Measures to Promote Automobile Consumption" (hereinafter referred to as "Measures"), which will add 35,000 quotas for personal incremental indicators for small passenger cars in 2020.
The picture is from the official website of Tianjin Municipal People's Government.
"In the past year, many ministries and commissions have repeatedly proposed restrictions on purchase restrictions. Some places, such as Guiyang, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hainan, etc., either canceled purchase restrictions or increased indicators. Recently, Hangzhou, Shanghai, and Tianjin have increased indicators. Beijing is the only first-tier city that has not yet introduced relevant measures, "said Cui Dongshu, secretary general of the Chinese Federation.
Although there are views that liberalizing the restrictions on purchases will bring about environmental and congestion problems, Ye Shengji said that local governments should combine industry development, local transportation construction and urban management to organically integrate the two, rather than restrict purchases for purchase restrictions. , For the line limit and line limit.
The auto market is gradually recovering, and the sales "V" is reversed
With the improvement of the epidemic prevention and control situation and the introduction of promotional policies, the Chinese auto market is gradually recovering.
The China Federation of Trade Unions pointed out that from the perspective of passenger car retail sales in April, the V-shaped reversal of the Chinese auto market has been basically determined. According to data from the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, China's automobile production and sales achieved year-on-year and month-on-month growth in April, ending a 21-month decline.
The sales chart of passenger cars in a narrow sense. Data from the Federation
Industrial Research Securities pointed out in its research report that local policies have become the main force of this year's auto consumption policy. At present, the local policy has been introduced, which is expected to drive 790,000 passenger car sales in 2020, accounting for 3.5% of passenger car sales in 2019; potential local policies are expected to drive 370,000 vehicles, accounting for 2019 passenger car sales. 1.6%.
“The situation in April was better than expected, and the current main growth is from commercial vehicles. However, sales in April were not normal production and sales. On the one hand, the base number in the same period last year was relatively low, on the other hand, the improvement in the epidemic provided a good environment for consumption. However, the inventory of enterprise terminals is relatively low, and it used this time to make up for the losses caused in February and March. "Chen Shihua, deputy secretary general of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, said.
"It's hard to say that maintaining positive growth later depends on many factors such as foreign epidemics and domestic policy promotion." Chen Shihua believes that "worry now that foreign epidemics may affect the pace of domestic vehicle production. If overseas supply can keep pace with If you do, there will be no major problems in the auto market this year. "
What are the other ways to promote car consumption?
Li Shufu, chairman of Geely Holding Group, and Wang Fengying, president of Great Wall Motors, recently suggested that the vehicle purchase tax should be changed from central tax to central and local shared tax, with the central and local sharing ratios each accounting for 50%. At the same time, the appropriate proportion of adjusted vehicle purchase tax will be used for new technology research and development of automobile enterprises and promotion of automobile consumption.
In the production workshop of a private car company in Shangdang District, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province, workers wearing masks concentrate on the production line to rush out a batch of orders from Brazil. Gao Feishe
At the consumption level, the appropriate proportion of the local portion of the adjusted vehicle purchase tax will be used to continue to promote the "automotive to the countryside" policy and implement relevant auto consumption subsidy measures. The potential of China's auto consumption market will be further tapped and released.
Zhang Xinghai, chairman of Xiaokang Group, said that the national level adopts further policies on the auto market with a displacement of 1.5 liters or less, such as the reduction of purchase tax and the reduction of interest on loans for car purchases, which can boost consumption in the auto market.
Ye Shengji told reporters, "Now there are some measures in place, but I think that the central government's policies should be fully implemented in the first place. On this basis, various localities can introduce some supplementary policies according to local conditions and coordinate and coordinate with the central government."
Zhang Xiang also said that many current consumer stimulus policies have been used, and there may not be a national policy in the short term. "Just like a doctor treating a disease, take a medicine and come back after a period of time. You can look at the stimulating effects of these policies on the economy, and then make the next step. If the results are not good, there may be further policies in the second half of the year. Introduced. "(End)