Beijing News (Reporter Wu Wei Zhou Yi Guo Wei) CCTV News recently reported that under the normalized epidemic prevention and control situation, the Central Civilization Office guides all localities to protect people's livelihood needs in the creation of civilized cities, so that the creation of civilized cities can restore economic and social order and meet The masses play a more active role in the process of life needs.
This year's government work report proposes that by stabilizing employment to promote income growth and protect people's livelihood, increase residents' willingness and ability to consume. Support the restoration and development of life service industries such as catering, shopping malls, culture, tourism, and housekeeping.
Under the impact of the epidemic, the service industry is facing a huge impact, which directly affects residents' income and urban employment. What is the effect of the Central Civilization Office's adjustment of the "creative writing" guidance measures on employment under normalized prevention and control of the epidemic, and the restoration of economic and social order? Does "deregulation" mean the legalization of occupation of roads? How to balance the relationship between city appearance management and economic development? Is this just a stopgap measure, or is it possible to implement this policy change in the long term?
Is the "roadside stall" rectification still open, is there any evidence for the law?
According to the statement of the Central Civilization Office this year on the requirements for the creation of a civilized city, and actively adapt to the normalized epidemic prevention and control situation, in this year's national civilized city evaluation indicators, it is clearly required not to include road occupation, road market, and mobile vendors as civilized city evaluation The content of the assessment will promote the creation of a civilized city to play a more active role in the process of restoring economic and social order and meeting the needs of the people ’s lives.
Whether the "roadside stall" is renovated or let go, what is the basis for each place? The reporter inquired that all local government regulations on road traffic safety, city appearance and environmental sanitation, etc. have regulations concerning the prohibition and punishment of occupation of urban roads and other stalls.
As stipulated in the "Beijing City Appearance and Environmental Sanitation Regulations", no unit or individual may occupy urban roads, pedestrian crossing bridges, underground pedestrian crossings, and other public places such as piles, piles and stalls without affecting the city appearance and environmental sanitation. Anyone who violates the regulations shall be ordered to make corrections, confiscate illegal gains and illegal property, and may be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 5000 yuan.
Relevant experts said that the new requirements of the Central Civilization Office on the evaluation indicators of civilized cities in the country are more important to play a guiding role. This conveys "occupied roads, road markets, and mobile vendors". In this year's normalized epidemic prevention and control, it is no longer a hard requirement for a civilized city. It is precisely the need to "restor economic and social order."
Regarding the management of mobile vendors, Liu Zhenzhong, an associate researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics and Technical Economics of the National Development and Reform Commission, believes that in the past, this part of the management model was a strict state of "a national chess game." Too. Now it may give a certain amount of space, and will not be "killed with a stick" as in the past.
Liu Zhenzhong said that the current liberalization involving stalls, road occupation, etc. will still affect the appearance of the city, the environmental order, and it will definitely be a challenge to the management department. "So even if it is released, it should be orderly, and it will never return to the completely disordered state. If it is restored to the previous state, it will be very difficult to manage it again."
How effective is deregulation of "land stalls" in restoring the economy and promoting employment?
Chen Yu, a former vice president and senior expert of the China Employment Promotion Association, believes that the release of mobile vendors is the specific part of the government work report that "promoting employment measures should be exhausted, and job expansion methods should be exhausted." reflect.
"Now everyone understands that the epidemic continues to affect the global economy, and economic life has almost reached a state of shock. Such a policy releases a strong signal to revitalize the economy and mobilize the vitality of every element of economic life, especially to mobilize the economy. The individual economy at the grass-roots level of the activity fully releases flexible jobs and gives the general public more opportunities. "Chen Yu said.
Chen Yu believes that the history of China's economic system reform, looking back, is the natural historical process of making individuals active. When the individual becomes active, the entire economy becomes active. "Give them a bottle of water and let them go swimming; give them a piece of soil and let them take root." Chen Yu believes that this policy guide not only has a strong current significance for employment and economic recovery, but also more Great symbolism.
Liu Zhenzhong believes that under the current economic situation, the protection of people ’s livelihood and employment is the first priority. At this time, it is proposed to retain the land-sharing economy. With greater help, it also makes a city warmer and more “tolerant”.
"This is in line with the people's wishes and is timely at the moment. In recent years, due to the economic downturn, industrial transfer, and machine substitutions, which have a greater impact on labor employment, the relevant employment groups need a buffering process, which is now in a transitional period. Especially superimposed In view of the impact of the epidemic, these people cannot find new jobs in a short period of time, and it is very necessary to let go of this piece. "Liu Zhenzhong said. At the same time, but whether this measure will be normalized, he believes that at this stage, it will continue to be promoted to slowly digest the impact of the epidemic impact and economic downturn.
"For example, some restaurants in Sichuan moved out of the indoor table to the outside because of the need for epidemic prevention and control, which also expanded their operations, significantly increased operating income, and increased employment." Liu Zhenzhong said.
Will the rise of stalls and hawkers affect the prevention and control of the epidemic?
The crowd gathering will create opportunities for the spread of the new coronavirus. So, if laissez-faire stalls and hawkers rise, will it have an adverse impact on the current epidemic prevention and control?
Pan Xiaochuan, a professor at the School of Public Health at Peking University, said that stalls and hawkers will not have much impact on epidemic prevention and control. "After special restaurants can dine in, the stalls in this larger environment are definitely better than indoors. The key is that in personnel management, the personal health of the vendors needs special attention."
Pan Xiaochuan believes that there is basically no problem in low-risk areas. Although it is impossible to completely eliminate asymptomatic infections, this probability is very small, and it can be controlled immediately if discovered and controlled immediately.
Can “land-economy economy” coexist with civilized cities for a long time?
Wang Yukai, a professor at the National School of Administration, believes that this is a signal to let go of the "land-sharing economy." "It should have been released for a long time and opened in an orderly way to provide convenience for the people's lives." Wang Yukai believes that this kind of rule adjustment is an effective measure to activate market vitality, not only short-term measures during the epidemic. "Once the rules are adjusted, It will be a normal trend. "
"Release is not a matter of letting go," it requires borders and certain rules. "Wang Yukai said that the policies in the past were too strict, and the more stringent the cities were, the stricter they were. In fact, if these street vendors can open in an orderly manner within a certain period of time, and gradually adjust people ’s habits with rules, they can be regulated. They should not be “suffocated” because of their possible impact on the environment. ".
Liu Zhenzhong said, "It used to be that you have entered and retreated, and that you have retired. It is a relatively opposite mode of existence. Now it has opened its mouth. From relative opposition to relative compatibility, we must also modify the relevant management measures and Norm. Now the boundaries of the 'land-sharing economy' permission to operate have not been determined, and the specific types and conditions that can be operated are to be further refined. "He believes that how to make the land-sharing economy and supervision in the future A compatible management model remains to be explored.
"In a civilized city, it is reasonable to standardize the operation of the road and not allow stalls. From the perspective of urban management, there is a certain reason." Chen Yu said, but the city's active factors are also in this "individual active" place. "It can coexist and can maintain a boundary. Just like 798, personalized art and independent artists are definitely different from traditional art galleries, but they also have their own space."
Wang Yukai said that some foreign cities also have roadside stalls, but there are relatively restrictions. For example, there are no stalls on holidays, and some places have provisions that cannot open the shops on Sundays. Therefore, if you let go of it, you need to further modify the regulations, and you can formulate corresponding rules to regulate them.
Many places have been relaxed. There are still cities seizing roadside stalls.
The Beijing News reporter noticed that this year, there have been many places to relax stalls throughout the country to help merchants resume operations and economic recovery.
Under the normalized epidemic prevention and control situation, Chengdu, Sichuan allowed to set up stalls to help merchants resume business and economic recovery without affecting residents, traffic, or disturbing the order of the city appearance and environment.
In March of this year, the Chengdu City Management Committee formulated and issued the "Five Permits and One Persistence" measure, which clarified that during the epidemic prevention and control period, enterprises and operators are ensuring safety, not occupying blind passages, fire control channels, and not infringing on the interests of others. Under the premise of cleanliness and sanitation, temporary booths are allowed to be opened in residential concentrated areas, street shops are allowed to temporarily cross the door, and mobile vendors are allowed to sell and operate in certain areas. During the epidemic situation, the city management department mainly focuses on education and persuasion, and generally does not impose penalties; those who impose penalties shall not be included in the city management credit supervision platform in principle.
On March 23, the Shaanxi Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security jointly issued a notice requesting the return of workers to the city to provide convenient service guarantee. It stipulates that during the epidemic period, the urban management law enforcement department shall insist on flexible law enforcement, and allow temporary stalls to be opened in concentrated residential areas without affecting pedestrians, allowing mobile vendors to operate in a certain time and area.
In addition, Xuchang City, Henan Province also added nine streets this year as a convenient service section, and at the same time required city management, market supervision and other departments to solve problems and provide services for merchants.
Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, while guiding the public to establish a healthy and hygienic concept and develop a healthy lifestyle, by opening some streets to provide business venues for street vendors, to solve the problem of temporary operating facilities, to achieve standardized management of urban street vendors, and facilitate the daily life of citizens.
However, the reporter also learned that in order to manage the needs of the "city appearance, city appearance" and "road safety", some places still take control measures against roadside stalls, especially "road management".
According to the Loudi News Network, in order to solve the problem of the occupation of the main road mobile street vendors in the town, to maintain a good town appearance and ensure the safety of domestic traffic and roads, recently, Wanbao Town, Louxing District, the city has controlled the illegal joint road stations and villages. The cadres carried out the operation and rectification of the road traffic vendors occupying the main roads.
The report said that the law enforcement personnel mainly focused on persuasion to guide the operators to voluntarily move away or help them move away from the road. For those who do not listen to the persuasion, they will dismantle the arbitrarily built tents at their business premises and temporarily detain their business equipment.
This month, the Leiyang Traffic Police Brigade of Hunan also organized and carried out a concentrated rectification operation on the traffic problems in the area under its jurisdiction and the occupation of roads.
In addition, in the second half of this month, Quanzhou City Quangang District Urban Management Bureau combined with the work of "creating cities" to increase the management of road occupation. The Quangang District Urban Management Bureau will organize major road renovations on 8 major urban roads including Yifeng Middle Road, Nanshan Road, Xinmin Street, Central Street, Hainan Street, and Jinxiu Street from May 19th.
According to public reports, after the renovation of Quangang District, the occupation of roads has been effectively managed, and the sidewalks have become clean and tidy. The next stage of the district will also strengthen the daily inspections of the main urban area, and carry out unifying operations to reorganize and occupy roads from time to time.
Yang Baoling, deputy of the National People's Congress: The city assessment does not include "stalling" which is a good thing for farmers
During the two sessions this year, Yang Baoling, deputy to the National People's Congress and general secretary of the Hu Zhangzhuang Village in Dongli District, Tianjin, put forward a proposal to retain the "land-sharing economy" while strengthening management to ensure the sale of agricultural products. At noon on May 27, Yang Baoling was very pleased when she learned that this year's national civilized city evaluation indicators did not include mobile vendors as an assessment.
This year, Yang Baoling submitted a suggestion that "many areas will not be allowed to sell their products because of the" creating city "and" creating health ".
"In the past, the farmers 'market and the morning and evening markets in the community. During the process of' creating the city 'and' creating health ', many small vendors' stalls were demolished. In fact, farmers still have needs in this regard." Yang Baoling said in recent years In the past, various places have successively carried out activities such as the creation of civilized cities and sanitary cities, which has improved the overall quality of citizens, happiness index and the degree of urban civilization. However, in terms of how to treat the "land-economy economy" in individual regions, the inclusiveness of a city has not been fully reflected, and its positive role has been overlooked or even ignored. Some even adopted a comprehensive ban, which has undoubtedly greatly compressed its living environment.
Yang Baoling said that after the preliminary investigation, many small vendors needed temporary stalls, and farmers selling some seasonal agricultural products also needed such temporary stalls. Many places directly canceled the morning and evening markets and faced such a contradiction. This may lead to higher prices of retail resources and continued reduction of incomes of vulnerable groups, which in turn will make life difficult, increase the burden on the government, and indirectly increase the prices of agricultural products and daily necessities.
"I think there is no contradiction between the land-sharing economy and 'creating a city' and 'creating health', as long as management is strengthened." She proposed that while the land-sharing economy brings benefits to the society, it will of course also have some negative effects, such as no industry restrictions Standards, non-standard operation and management, high degree of liberalization, and affecting the city appearance environment, etc., but the "land-sharing economy" should be sparse and not blocked.
"I was so happy when I heard this news. I am very happy. It is a great thing for farmers. Farmers across the country have benefited." At noon today, I learned that this year's national civilized city evaluation index will not account for When Tao business, road markets, and mobile vendors were listed as the assessment content, Yang Baoling sighed, "Finally speaking for our farmer friends, I am not a dry representative as a representative from the grassroots."