Xinhua News Agency, Shijiazhuang, April 6th Question: Why is it closed down? Is the decision based? Is help in place? —— Focus on the closure of the dairy farmer cooperatives in Baoding Lianchi District
Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Jiwei
Recently, a group of dairy farmer cooperatives in Lianchi District, Baoding City, one of the major milk supply areas in Hebei Province, were affected by the local shutdown and ban requirements and failed to resume normal production. Dairy farmers said the move may affect the livelihoods of tens of thousands of local people and cause a lot of waste of resources. The person in charge of the relevant local department said that the relevant requirements are for environmental protection and rectification, and do not affect the production and life of most dairy farmers.
Why was the local dairy farmers cooperative closed down? Are the relevant decisions legal and reasonable? What is the scope of influence? Xinhua News Agency reporters launched an investigation.
Focus 1: Why was the local dairy farmer cooperative required to be shut down?
Lianchi District, Baoding City is one of the milk supply areas in Hebei Province. At present, there are 13 dairy farmer cooperatives above designated size. There are more than 10,000 dairy cows with an annual output of tens of thousands of tons of fresh milk.
The reporter visited the Jiayi Dairy Farmers Cooperative, which had been shut down. The cooperative was once identified as the “Demon Standardization Demonstration Ground” of the Ministry of Agriculture. Now the cooperative is desolate, the milking equipment is covered with cobweb dust, and the cowshed ranch is empty. The person in charge said that the cooperative has complete licenses and legal operation, but the relevant departments frequently pressured him to close the cooperative for many years.
Zhang Zhizhao, deputy head of the Leading Group for Livestock and Poultry Breeding Special Remediation and Director of the District Agriculture and Rural Bureau, told reporters that 9 of the 13 local cooperatives have been shut down and relevant departments will continue to urge the remaining 4 to shut down as soon as possible.
Zhang Zhizhao said that the Lianchi District is the main urban area of Baoding City. The land available for urban development is very limited, and high-tech industries or environmental greening suitable for the allocation of the main urban area should be developed. The relative dairy farmer cooperatives are closer to the Henan Ditch, highways and railways, increasing the environmental and safety risks in the nearby area. Each time the superior conducts environmental inspections, the dairy farmer cooperatives are a pile of problems, and some cadres have been chased. responsibility.
Focus two: Is the decision to shut down and outlaw legal and reasonable?
The reporter learned from the Lianchi District District Committee and District Government that the request to close down and ban the relevant cooperatives was based on the implementation of the clean-up and remediation of livestock and poultry-scale farms (intensive breeding areas) in the Lianchi District of Baoding City issued in May last year. Program". The plan requires that large-scale breeding farms (intensive breeding areas) within 1000 meters on both sides of the relevant rivers in the jurisdiction and incomplete jurisdictions be closed or banned according to law, and all illegal and illegal breeding practices in the jurisdiction are severely cracked down and banned.
However, the reporter learned from the environmental protection department of Hebei Province that, according to the relevant laws and regulations, the 1,000-meter range on both sides of the relevant river channel is not a "forbidden area", and relevant laws and regulations and regulatory documents of Hebei Province and Baoding City did not require or authorize the shutdown to ban All breeding cooperatives within this range.
Zhang Li, deputy dean of the School of Law of China University of Political Science and Law, stated that the “Guiding Opinions on the Full Implementation of the Legality Review Mechanism for Administrative Normative Documents” issued by the General Office of the State Council does not allow normative documents “to detract from citizens, legal persons and others without legal and regulatory basis Organize the legitimate rights and interests of the organization or increase its obligations ". Article 148 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People ’s Court on the application of the Administrative Procedure Law of the People ’s Republic of China clearly states that there is no basis for laws, regulations, and rules, and illegally increase the obligations of citizens, legal persons and other organizations or detract from the norms of citizens, legal persons and other organizations ’legitimate rights and interests Sex files are illegal. Accordingly, there are certain problems with the legality of the Lianchi District plan.
Dairy farmers also told reporters that the cooperative has relevant certificates and passed the law enforcement inspection by the local environmental supervision department. The reporter saw that in January of this year, the "on-site notice" issued by the Lianchi District Environmental Supervision Brigade during the routine inspection of the relevant cooperatives did not require the cooperatives to "strengthen management" and "prevent the occurrence of environmental pollution incidents". Rectification.
In addition, the reporter interviewed along the Henan Ditch and found that the river channel was less than 100 meters from the Lianchi District to the Qingyuan District, and there was a Pingling Huinong Dairy Farmers Cooperative similar to the situation of the closed cooperative. The person in charge told reporters that in accordance with the cleaning and remediation requirements of Qingyuan District, they are upgrading and transforming milking parlors and manure disposal facilities. Another Jingu animal husbandry company in Qingyuan District is building a "calf island" (calf growth workshop) to expand the scale of breeding. The relevant departments of Qingyuan District provided them with rectification plan guidance and policy funding support.
Regarding the appeal of dairy farmers who wish to continue to contribute to the reform of the cooperative under the guidance of the government until reaching the standard, Zhang Zhizhao said that according to current environmental standards, the hardware and software of the dairy farmers cooperative are not qualified and cannot be rectified. Over the years, relevant government departments have repeatedly urged dairy farmer cooperatives to rectify, and dairy farmers have not cooperated well. In the future, the standards will become higher and stricter. "They will lose more if they don't move out, and they will not earn enough money to pay various environmental fines."
Focus three: How much impact will the decision to shut down and ban?
A number of dairy farmer cooperative leaders said that most of the cooperatives have been in operation for many years and the production and operation conditions are good. Over the years, dairy farmers have invested a lot of money in updating and upgrading facilities and equipment.
Zhang Zhizhao said that after the cooperative was shut down and banned, villagers would be compensated for “assessing 10% of the“ depreciation ”price of breeding facility equipment and ground attachments”, and 10% would be rewarded to those who actively responded to the policy. And said that the relevant departments of the Lianchi District considered to bear the land occupation costs for the farmers who took part in the land-owned cooperatives.
The reporter learned from the closed cooperative that the relevant compensation has not been fulfilled. The reporter learned that local farmers will use dairy cows, capital, land and other shares to join the cooperative, cattle workers work in the cooperative, and surrounding farmers sell grain and green storage (green corn stalks) to the cooperative for feed. The cow dung produced by the cooperative will be used free of charge in nearby agricultural land after treatment, which can reduce farmers' expenses for farming and reduce fertilizer pollution. "The closure of the cooperative will cause losses to related parties." A leader said.
Industry chain related companies are also directly affected. A person in charge of Tangshan Hefeng Feed Co., Ltd. told reporters that of the 1,000 tons of milk cow feed sold in their enterprises each month, about half of them are sold to the Lianchi District.
Focus Four: Is there any situation of "swinging hands regardless" after shutting down?
The reporter learned that some of the cooperatives that had been forced to close were also facing difficulties in finding another place to re-operate.
Li Jinyong, the leader of the Wangnong Dairy Farmers Cooperative, told reporters that he is contacting other places to rebuild the new site. He has already invested 2.7 million yuan and incurred more than 13 million yuan in debt. However, the re-operation of the new site is still far away and the situation is difficult. Some dairy farmers hope that relevant departments can help.
Zhang Zhizhao said that the relevant departments have also contacted banks or other counties and districts in order to provide financial or site assistance for the new farmer's transfer and reconstruction, but they have not worked. Efforts to help dairy farmer cooperatives transform into flowers and sunflower planting have also been ineffective.
A deputy head of the Lianchi District said: "The government is not a nanny." He believes that shutting down dairy farmers' cooperatives will not affect the lives of most dairy farmers and related personnel. Dairy farmers, cattle workers and other groups live in suburban villages. Most of the villagers in the suburbs do not engage in agricultural production. "Working in factories or opening a small shop, there is no problem in life."
As of press time, the relevant departments of Hebei Province have launched an investigation into this.