(Combating new crown pneumonia) China's economic war "epidemic" record: China takes various measures to ease the employment problem of the poor
China News Agency, Beijing, April 3 (Reporter Ruan Yulin) Wang Yanping, 42, of Majiazhuang Village, Qiaokou Town, Linxian County, Shanxi Province, took the health certificate issued by the local government after a free medical checkup and took a special bus to the employment site . To help rural laborers return to work and resume work as soon as possible, Shanxi Province has launched a “point-to-point” transport mechanism from the doorstep to the enterprise. Wang Yanping is one of the beneficiaries.
For the poor laborers working abroad, Shanxi Province also provides a one-time transportation subsidy of not more than 800 yuan (RMB, the same below) according to the location of migrant workers and transportation costs. As of March 23, Shanxi Province organized a total of 1,667 special cars (cars, cars) to help 36,657 migrant workers return to work and resume work.
In Shaanxi, in order to promote the employment of poor laborers, “point-to-point” one-stop pick-up and drop-off is implemented for provincial migrant workers. Since the beginning of this year, the province has organized 9 charter flights, 24 special trains, and 2886 special cars. A total of 86,000 people have been transported to Jiangsu and Zhejiang for employment, including 12,000 poor laborers.
Up to now, the poverty-stricken migrant workers in seven provinces, including Anhui, Shandong, Fujian, Yunnan, Shanxi, Jiangxi, and Chongqing, accounted for more than 90% of the total number of migrant workers last year. Statistics from the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council of China show that since this year, local governments have continued to make efforts to organize and mobilize poor laborers to go out to work, and the poverty-stricken laborers have further accelerated their work. As of March 27, the number of poor migrant workers in 25 provinces across the country has reached 20.8954 million, accounting for 76.43% of the total number of migrant workers last year.
Affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic, employment and poverty alleviation are facing new situations and challenges. "Promoting employment of the poor labor force is the first and most important task at the moment." Wang Sangui, dean of the Chinese Academy of Poverty Alleviation, Renmin University of China, said recently that employment is a relatively affected area. Various places are also taking measures for employment, such as “point-to-point” pick-up and drop-off of workers from poor areas to return to work, etc., which is a help measure targeted at poor areas to allow poor people who set up files to set up employment in developed areas.
Wang Sangui said that a large part of the poor need to work locally, mainly in local poverty alleviation factories, poverty alleviation workshops, and public welfare posts. Local enterprises must also take measures to resume work and production as soon as possible to help poor households find employment.
The latest data from the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council shows that there are currently 28,400 poverty alleviation workshops in 22 provinces in central and western China, and 26,200 have resumed work. There are nearly 29,000 leading poverty alleviation companies, and 27,600 have resumed work. Both have absorbed the employment of the poor 100 Ten thousand people. 13 provinces including Anhui, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Chongqing, Sichuan, Hunan, Gansu, Shaanxi, and other provinces have returned to work more than 95%.
At the same time, various localities also use public welfare posts to provide more local and local employment opportunities. Officials of the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Office said that most provinces have gradually adjusted the distribution method of photovoltaic poverty alleviation income, increased the use of power generation income to create public welfare posts, and absorbed the employment of poor laborers to increase income.
As of now, 22 provinces in the central and western provinces have funded the power generation of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations with 1.449 billion yuan in villages, set up 536,900 public welfare posts, absorbed 520,200 poor laborers, and paid 310 million yuan in post salaries.
On April 2nd, a teleconference on the evaluation of the effectiveness of poverty alleviation and special inspections and “looking back” to find out the problems and rectification work was held in Beijing. Hu Chunhua, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and leader of the Leading Group for Poverty Alleviation and Development of the State Council, emphasized that we must work hard to overcome the new difficulties and challenges brought by the epidemic to poverty alleviation, comprehensively promote the start and resumption of poverty alleviation projects, give priority to supporting poor laborers to go out to work, and strengthen the policy on poverty alleviation industries stand by. It is necessary to strengthen responsibilities, maintain policy stability, establish and improve a mechanism to prevent return to poverty, organize a general survey on poverty alleviation, and do a good job in the closing stage. (Finish)