The world's 2,153 billionaires now have more money than more than 60 percent of the world's people, according to non-governmental organization Oxfam, noting that wealth focuses on women’s account, in particular, “at the forefront” of inequalities.
According to NGO figures whose methodology is based on data published by Forbes and the Credit Suisse bank, 2153 people currently own more than 4.6 billion people who are the poorest in the world.
The report, which some economists object to, indicates that the wealth of the richest 1% in the world "represents more than twice the sum of the wealth" owned by 6.9 billion people is the least wealthy, or 92% of the world's population.
Amitabh Bahar, who will represent the organization this year at the annual Davos Economic Forum, said in an Oxfam official in a statement that “the chasm between the rich and the poor cannot be resolved without deliberate policies to combat inequality. Governments should ensure that companies and the rich are paying their fair share Of taxes. "
Traditionally, Oxfam's annual report on wealth inequality in the world is published ahead of the opening of the annual economic forum in Davos, Switzerland, where the fiftieth session of this traditional meeting of the global economic and political elite will be held on Tuesday, after 2019, which witnessed major social protest movements in Chile and the Middle East through France .
Pauline Locklear, a Oxfam spokeswoman in France, stresses in the same statement that "egregious inequalities are at the heart of social divisions and conflicts around the world (...) they are not inevitable (but) as a result of policies (...) that reduce the participation of the wealthiest In solidarity efforts through tax, public service financing is weakened. "
"Inequality first affects women because of a discriminatory economic system by virtue of their right and confining them to the most fragile and least paid occupations, starting with the care sector," explains Pauline Locklear.
According to calculations made by Oxfam, 42% of women in the world cannot obtain paid work "because of the very large care burdens they bear in the private / family context", compared to only 6% of men.
The organization considers that between the work of household cleaning, cooking, firewood collection and water fetching in the countries of the South "the monetary value of unpaid care work performed by women from the age of 15 years represents at least ten thousand and 800 billion dollars annually, which is three times greater than the value of The digital sector globally. "
In France, seven of the billionaires have more money than the poorest, who make up 30% of the population, while the 10% richest among the French own half of the country's wealth, according to the organization.