China News Network, September 9 According to the official Weibo of the Ministry of Emergency Management, the Ministry of Emergency Management released the national natural disaster situation in August 6 on the 6th. In August, China's natural disasters were mainly floods, droughts, typhoons and geological disasters, and hailstorms, earthquakes, forest fires, etc. also occurred to varying degrees. In August, various natural disasters caused a total of 2023,8,8 people affected to varying degrees, 8 people were missing due to the disaster, and 888,7 people were urgently evacuated and resettled; 168,54 houses collapsed, 7,1 were seriously damaged, and 1,2 were generally damaged; 9.8 thousand hectares of crops were affected; and direct economic losses amounted to 2.2307 billion yuan.
The main characteristics of natural disasters in the country in August are:
1. The Songliao River Basin has suffered from serious flood conditions, and flash floods and geological disasters in the northwest and southwest are frequent
Following the extreme heavy rainfall in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and other places at the end of July and the beginning of August, there were five heavy rainfall processes in the country in August, with a cumulative surface rainfall of 7 mm, 8% more than the same period of the year, and 8 to 5 times more in the southwest, southwest and southwest, northeast and northeast. The Songliao River Basin in the northeast region experienced a more serious flood disaster, and the Songhua River flood No. 108 in 6 occurred. In early August, due to the superposition of the typhoon's residual cloud system to the north and the westerly trough, heavy rainfall occurred in many places in the northeast region, some farmland in Heilongjiang and Jilin was flooded, road transportation, communication and power and other infrastructure were damaged, and the direct economic loss was 5.1 billion yuan; scattered heavy rainfall occurred in many places in the northwest and southwest, and flash floods and geological disasters in Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Hubei were scattered at many points. In total, floods and geological disasters caused a total of 2023.1 million people affected to varying degrees, 8 people died and disappeared, 170,9 houses collapsed, and direct economic losses amounted to 431.6 billion yuan.
Second, the drought in North China and Northeast China has been lifted, and the drought in some parts of Northwest China is relatively prominent
Since the end of July, there has been a process of continuous heavy rainfall in North China and Northeast China, the drought in the early stage has been lifted, and drought and flood have changed sharply in some areas. At present, the soil moisture in most areas of the country is generally suitable, and the soil in some areas of the eastern northwest and western China is moderately or above the lack of moisture. Affected by the continuous high temperature and lack of rain, the precipitation in western Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, most of Gansu, eastern Qinghai and other places in the northwest region and the river in the region are relatively small, the reservoir water storage is insufficient, there are temporary difficulties in drinking water and agricultural irrigation for people and livestock in some areas, and agricultural and animal husbandry production has been affected to a certain extent, a total of 7.268 million people were affected to varying degrees at the peak of the drought, and the affected area of crops was 1279.5 thousand hectares. In addition, drought occurred in Hubei, Hunan and other places, and some crops were affected.
Third, five typhoons formed in the northwest Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea, and Typhoon Kanu had a great impact on the northeast region
In August, five typhoons formed in the Northwest Pacific and the South China Sea, namely Typhoon Lann No. 8, Typhoon Sula No. 5, Typhoon Dawei No. 7, Typhoon Anemone No. 9 and Typhoon Hongyan No. 10. This year's No. 11 typhoon "Kanu" formed in the east of the Philippines on July 12, and made landfall in Zhuanghe City, Liaoning Province, China with a tropical depression on August 6, heavy rainfall again occurred in many places in the northeast region, many rivers in the Songliao River Basin appeared above alert water levels, and farmland was waterlogged in some areas, a total of 7,28 people in Liaoning, Heilongjiang and other places were affected to varying degrees, crops were affected on an area of 8.11 thousand hectares, and direct economic losses were 8 million yuan.
4. Parts of North China, East China, Northwest China and Southwest China suffered from strong convective weather, and local crops were affected
In August, there were four strong convective weather processes in the country, mainly concentrated in North China, East China, Northwest China, Southwest China and other places, and agricultural losses in Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Shaanxi were relatively heavy. Among them, in early August, local strong convective weather processes occurred in Ulanqab, Chifeng and other places in Inner Mongolia, and some crops and facility greenhouses were damaged; In mid-August, Qujing, Kunming and other places in Yunnan suffered hail and windy weather; In late August, short-term heavy rainfall and hail occurred in Tongchuan, Weinan and other places in Shaanxi, and some fruit and vegetable crops were affected. In addition, on August 8, a tornado hit Dafeng District in Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province, killing two people. In total, the hailstorm disaster caused 4,8 people to be affected to varying degrees, 8 people died due to the disaster, 8.8 thousand hectares of crops were affected, and the direct economic loss was 13.2 billion yuan.
5. A 5.<>-magnitude earthquake occurred in Dezhou, Shandong, and a number of forest fires occurred in Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang
In August, a total of 8 earthquakes of magnitude 4 or higher occurred in mainland China. Among them, the highest magnitude was the 11.8 magnitude earthquake in Pingyuan County, Dezhou City, Shandong on August 6, which was the strongest earthquake in Shandong Province in recent years, causing more than 5,5 houses in Dezhou, Liaocheng and other places to be damaged to varying degrees, and direct economic losses of 2900 million yuan. The remaining magnitude 2 earthquakes did not cause significant disaster damage. In addition, according to preliminary statistics, a total of 3 forest fires occurred nationwide in August, including 4 in Inner Mongolia and 8 in Heilongjiang, all of which were caused by lightning fires; There were no grassland fires.