How "Inch of Land" Gives Birth to "Inch of Gold" (Deep Reading, Promoting the Conservation and Intensive Utilization of Natural Resources)

The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to implement a comprehensive conservation strategy and promote the conservation and intensive utilization of various resources.

Recently, the Ministry of Natural Resources designated 258 counties (cities) as the first batch of demonstration counties (cities) for natural resource conservation and intensification, with a demonstration period from 2023 to 2025. Focusing on the conservation and intensive utilization of natural resources such as land and minerals, the reporter walked into the front line of demonstration counties (cities) to see how various localities can promote the green transformation of development methods through innovative resource conservation practices.


How to achieve a higher level of utilization and higher quality development on limited land? Promote land conservation and land reduction, optimize land use structure and layout, increase the revitalization and utilization of existing land, and improve the intensity and efficiency of land use...... The reporter went to Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong and other places to visit the first batch of "land resources" natural resource conservation and intensive demonstration counties (cities) to see how various localities coordinate land development and protection, improve the level of land conservation and intensive utilization, and make the green background of high-quality development more distinct.

Revitalization of stock——

Make "increasing capacity without increasing land" a reality

Gengyu Village, Jinfeng Town, Zhangjiagang City, Jiangsu Province, in the Yangtze River New Material Industrial Park, which covers an area of 114 acres, loading, unloading, handling, polishing... Workers are busy everywhere. Three years ago, a chemical factory was opened here, but due to its low operating efficiency, it has been in a state of inactivity.

In order to revitalize the land, seven villages (communities), including Gengyu Village and Xingang Village, formed a village-level economic consortium, Zhangjiagang Wukesong Technology Co., Ltd., to acquire low-efficiency land and demolish buildings. Natural resources and planning departments take the initiative to intervene to explain land use policy requirements and guide the preparation of planning and design plans.

With some efforts, "zero land increase" ushered in "great changes" - 16 productive buildings were erected, all of which were high-standard factory buildings with 4 floors and above. The total construction area of the park is 13,0 square meters, the plot ratio has increased from 39.2 before the renovation to 03.<>, and the industrial park plant has been put into use.

Sun Xiaoping, chairman of Zhangjiagang Wukesong Technology Co., Ltd. and secretary of the general party branch of Gengyu Village, said that 16 enterprises have been introduced into the park, and 80% of the factory buildings have been rented out, "and some enterprises are in negotiation, and it is expected that the average tax per mu will reach more than 60,150 yuan, close to 2400 times the original plot." The available financial resources at the village level are expected to increase by more than <> million yuan, which has effectively promoted rural revitalization. ”

"Land resources are the material foundation of economic and social development, and there are 183 land resources in the first batch of demonstration counties (cities) for the conservation and intensification of natural resources." Liu Yan, deputy director of the Department of Natural Resources Development and Utilization of the Ministry of Natural Resources, said that in the coming period, the demand for land in all walks of life will still be relatively large, the new space is limited, and the revitalization of the stock is more important. Many cities and counties have carried out exploration and practice in the revitalization of stock land, and a number of demonstration models have emerged, which is of great significance for alleviating the contradiction between supply and demand of land resources and promoting high-quality development.

"The stock is revitalized, so that 'increasing capacity without increasing land' becomes a reality." Liu Yan introduced that in recent years, the natural resources department has reformed the management method of land use plans, insisted that land elements follow the project, implemented the "increase and storage linkage" mechanism that links incremental arrangements with stock revitalization, and forced various localities to revitalize stock construction land, and achieved obvious results. Since its implementation in 2018, the country has digested more than 2200 million mu of "approved but not supplied" and idle land, which is equivalent to more than three times the scale of the annual new arrangement plan.

According to reports, as a demonstration city of natural resource conservation and intensification, Zhangjiagang City will further improve the management system of conservation and intensification, organize the preparation of special plans for the renewal of industrial land, accelerate the completion of the investigation and evaluation of industrial land in the city, and help enterprises put into production and save land. By the end of 2025, the average tax revenue per mu of industrial land in the city will be increased by more than 2023% compared with the beginning of 12, and the plot ratio of industrial land will be increased by more than 2023% compared with the beginning of 6.

Optimize the structure -

Promote the redevelopment of inefficient land in cities and towns

In order to promote the redevelopment of urban low-efficiency land, Qihe County, Shandong Province has established a survey database of urban low-efficiency land redevelopment and implemented dynamic update management. Zhang Xiying, director of the Natural Resources Bureau of Qihe County, said that in recent years, the county has completed the redevelopment of more than 4000,<> mu of urban low-efficiency land, and used idle factory leasing and whole land collection and redevelopment to promote the orderly withdrawal and efficient revitalization of idle low-efficiency land.

In the production workshop of Sikadegao (Shandong) New Materials Co., Ltd. in the Qihe Economic Development Zone, workers are rushing to produce a batch of orders for tile adhesive products. Wei Jie, general manager of the factory, said that the idle plant can be put into use after renovation and installed equipment, reducing construction time and initial investment. Previously, knowing that the company was facing the problem of factory difficulties, the development zone took the initiative to connect and promote the project to land in the idle factory building of an enterprise in the park in the form of plant leasing, and it was put into operation in more than half a year. Since last year, 12 technology-based and innovative projects have been implemented in the development zone through this method.

In recent years, the Ministry of Natural Resources has continued to optimize the layout and structure of urban and rural construction land and continuously improve the efficiency of land use. In 2022, the national construction land will be 6 million mu, a net increase of about 30.440 million mu over the end of the previous year, and the annual growth rate will decrease from 0.83% to 0.70%.

Liu Yan said frankly that in some places, the situation of extensive use of urban and rural construction land still exists, and there is a considerable scale of low-efficiency land that urgently needs to be improved in quality and efficiency, and there is still much room for improvement in the level of saving intensive land. All localities should continue to optimize the structure, focus on promoting the redevelopment of low-efficiency land in cities and towns, and promote the "incremental decrease and increase of stock" of land supply and the "scale agglomeration and increasing efficiency" of land use.

Compound utilization——

Improve land use efficiency and effectiveness

In Ningjin County, Xingtai City, Hebei Province, the high-rise industrial plant of Tongtai Infant Garment Co., Ltd. is a landmark building that takes into account economic, social and ecological benefits.

"We built a three-dimensional factory with 1 basement floor and 12 floors above ground, and the garment processing and production process changed from a traditional flat layout to a three-dimensional layout." Li Qiujiang, deputy manager of the company, calculated an account, "If the single-layer design is carried out in accordance with the method of 'spreading the pie', about 400 acres of land are required. The construction of three-dimensional plant covers an area of only 40 acres, saving about 90% of land. "In recent years, Ningjin County has sought benefits from the composite use of land, cultivated a number of demonstration enterprises for saving and intensive land use, and driven the county to save more than 8000,<> mu of intensive land.

In many places, large enterprises took land to build their own buildings, and small and medium-sized enterprises rented park buildings, which was once a common industrial land model. In this regard, Zhejiang Hangzhou High-tech Zone (Binjiang) proposed the concept of industrial complex. "The industrial complex is our exploration and attempt in the conservation and intensive utilization of land resources, and promotes the coordination of the industrial chain and the agglomeration of production factors." Mi Weiqing, director of the Binjiang District Planning Resources Branch, introduced.

At present, a total of 4 industrial complex projects in the High-tech Zone (Binjiang) have been launched, with a total land area of 194.5 mu, and the first phase of the industrial complex project has landed in the intelligent manufacturing supply town. Zhang Wenwen, deputy general manager of Hangzhou Binjiang Urban Construction Development Co., Ltd., said: "Centralizing living facilities that do not exceed 7% of the land area or 15% of the construction area in a certain space, and uniformly building canteens, exhibition halls, cafes, libraries, gyms, parking garages and other facilities, will effectively improve the comprehensive use function of the park." ”

"Unified planning, unified design, and unified operation allow our enterprises to reduce the cost of land construction, save manpower and material resources in the development and construction of enterprise projects, focus on innovation and entrepreneurship, and take root in Binjiang with peace of mind." Xia Yuanyuan, a staff member of Hangzhou Wanhigh-tech Co., Ltd., who has intended to sign a contract, said.

"To achieve sustainable economic and social development, the way out in land use and protection is to save intensive land." Liu Yan said that in the past 10 years, land development has changed from "two-dimensional" to "three-dimensional", many cities have coordinated the development of above-ground and underground space, from "square" to "cubic", the area used for construction land per unit of GDP in the country has dropped by 40.85%, and the density of land and economy has increased significantly. During the "15th Five-Year Plan" period, efforts will be made to promote the reduction of about <>% in the area used for construction land per unit of GDP nationwide.

Coordinator of this issue: Luan Xinyi

Typography design: Shen Yiling

Our reporter Chang Qin Bai Guangdi