In short, the package of laws gives parliament more power at the expense of the judiciary. Among other things, parliament could review decisions of the Supreme Court of Israel.
The reform has been criticised for being undemocratic because it gives parliament more power. Critics also say it makes minority groups weaker and risks leading to more corruption.
Protests have been going on since January in several places in Israel. According to critics, mainly secular Israelis, democracy is in danger of being replaced by ultra-religious authoritarianism.
If the bill passes, it will also be more difficult to remove a prime minister, an issue that is extra charged because Netanyahu faces corruption charges and the law would protect him.
Alongside criticism of the government's judicial reform, Prime Minister Netanyahu's treatment of ministers has been questioned, Defense Minister Yoav Gallant, who called on the prime minister to withdraw the bill, has been poked.
Criticism from the military and financial sector
Over the weekend of March 25-26, the most violent protests against the bill so far erupted. At that time, reports also began to abound that Netanyahu might consider withdrawing the bill.
From the coalition colleagues, the ultra-religious right-wing parties Otzma Yehudit and the Religious Zionist Party, came criticism that in that case they are succumbing to "anarchy".
The bill has also led to criticism from the military and the financial sector, which believes it risks reducing the willingness to invest in Israel.
The U.S. with President Joe Biden has also distanced itself from the Israeli government's plans.
According to opinion polls, about a quarter of the population supports the changes while 50 percent are against.
Sources: Haaretz, Times of Israel, AP, Reuters, TT