Popularize agricultural policies to villagers, go deep into the fields to conduct research, and use the knowledge learned to return to the countryside to serve... Liaoning Province has organized nearly 16,<> college and secondary school students to go out of campus and into the society, study and practice in many places, and make due contributions to local rural revitalization.
Browsing the short video "I speak for my hometown" produced by students every day has become the norm for Chai Yu, secretary of the Youth League Committee of Shenyang Agricultural University.
In 2022, the Education Working Committee of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee and the Communist Youth League Liaoning Provincial Committee organized 146 colleges and universities, 8050,16 social practice teams, and nearly 31,300 college and secondary school students to walk out of campus and into society, covering 1712 provinces and more than <> cities (regions), forming <>,<> school-level research reports to help rural revitalization.
Jucuntou sits on the kangtou
Policy advocacy for farmers
"The state continues to issue one-time agricultural input subsidies to farmers who actually grow grain, and the purchase and application of agricultural machinery can also be subsidized..." A few days ago, in Heimenzi Village, Liujiahe Town, Fengcheng City, Dandong, Zhang Pengfei, a member of the college student propaganda group of Liaodong University, popularized agricultural policies to villagers. After listening to the speech, Yuan Yufan, an old party member in the village, said excitedly: "The party's policy is so good, our people's motivation is even stronger." ”
In recent years, the Liaoning Provincial Committee of the Communist Youth League has organized college students to use the winter and summer vacation time to bring the guidelines and policies related to rural revitalization into thousands of households through self-compiled videos, cartoons and on-site lectures.
Last summer, in Anyang Village, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province, several college students showed villagers a promotional video on agricultural production trusteeship to publicize policies related to rural revitalization, which allowed villager Ma Chunye to find a direction to work on.
Shenyang Agricultural University selects the policies that farmers need the most for publicity, organizes experts and scholars to design policy publicity materials, continues the big classrooms one by one, inherits the stubble students, and the policy publicity is more and more popular with grassroots party organizations and the masses.
College students didn't understand the policy at first. "In response to the problem that college students have little understanding of rural revitalization and large differences, we organize teachers, research subjects, parents, industry management departments, enterprises, etc. to hold seminars on the theme of college students serving rural revitalization." Chai Yu said: After the training, Shenyang Agricultural University selected a group of outstanding students to serve as theoretical lecturers and go to villages and households, benefiting more than 5,<> people a year.
In Hongqi Town, Bayuquan District, Yingkou City, at the Manchu folk culture fair with a history of more than 300 years, the Xinhe Service Team, composed of teachers and students of the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture of Liaoning Agricultural Vocational and Technical College, delivered the spirit of the Central Document No. <>, the relevant policies for consolidating the achievements in poverty alleviation, the Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Crop Diseases and Insect Pests, the Regulations on the Protection of Basic Farmland and other agricultural laws and regulations to the broad masses of farmers through the delivery of books, speeches and propaganda boards.
In addition to preaching policies, some colleges and universities also conduct technical training. Zhao Limei, secretary of the Youth League Committee of Liaoning Agricultural Vocational and Technical College, introduced that the footprints of the Xinhe service team have covered more than 60 rural areas in the province, such as Weitang Village in Gaizhou City and Yingshougou Village in Dashiqiao City, with a total of 1100,500 hours of volunteer service, solving more than 3000 technical problems for farmers, completing more than 2,1000 times of agricultural technical training, on-site guidance, telephone consultation, etc. every year, indirectly driving more than <>,<> jobs, and helping agricultural enterprises and farmers increase their income by more than <> million yuan.
"We organized 2300,5 propaganda teams, and more than <>,<> college students went to the vast rural areas." Zhang Peng, secretary of the Liaoning Provincial Committee of the Communist Youth League, introduced.
Visit thousands of homes and people
Front-line research to solve problems
Mid-to-late September is the ripening season for seedless white chicken heart grapes. In the shed of Yongle Street Mutual Aid Village, Sujiatun District, Shenyang City, Yan Xinhua, a sophomore student majoring in agricultural and forestry economic management at Shenyang Agricultural University, came here to investigate.
"What is the price of fertilizer this year?" "How is the comparison of the effects of water-soluble fertilizers in the test?" The questions were thrown out one by one, and then the characteristics of grape varieties, planting history, greenhouse temperature, water use, fertilizer and other parameters were recorded one by one, and a summer vacation social practice research report was formed.
In the summer of 2022, the Youth League Committee of Shenyang Agricultural University organized more than 7000,2000 students to visit more than 2000,<> villages, forming more than <>,<> research reports on the "Technical Specifications for the Production of Rural Characteristic Products", which were uploaded to the "Practice +" platform of Shenyang Agricultural University.
The survey is warm, and the solution is close to reality. At the beginning of last year, the Xinhe service team provided Jin Jiaji, a villager in Mootai Bao Village, Lutun Town, Yingkou City, with free Liaofeng grape varieties and cultivation techniques. "With an average annual income of more than 8,5 yuan, I suddenly became the leader of the village to become rich." Jin Jiaji couldn't close his mouth with joy.
"Seizing the critical opportunity for crops 'before, during and after production', we have provided seedlings and technology to cooperatives and growers." Chen Xiaojun, head of the Xinhe service team, said that we continue to provide follow-up technical guidance to further help farmers improve efficiency, and promote more than 60 provincial-level scientific research achievements such as Liaofeng grape rain cultivation, large fruit hazelnut cultivation and green prevention and control of fruit and vegetable diseases and pests to farmers free of charge.
"How can agricultural machinery be used more effectively in non-large-scale concentrated contiguous areas?" "There are corners left in the process of machine transplanting, what should I do if the manual rice replenishment workload is large?" ...... Since the winter vacation this year, Wang Tiejun, a teacher at the College of Engineering of Shenyang Agricultural University, has been constantly answering questions from social practice.
"Some of the questions are very straightforward, they all come from the agricultural frontline." Wang Tiejun said that the doctoral think tank team of Shenyang Agricultural University has reached nearly 300 people, responsible for guiding and answering questions on the social practice process of undergraduates.
"Village collectives, cooperatives, and leading enterprises are all agricultural production units and should have standardized technical specifications. College students came to participate in the sorting, and the doctoral group think tank team formed technical specifications after improvement, which was not only close to the countryside, but also contributed to the countryside. Chai Yu said that up to now, the social practice team of Shenyang Agricultural University students has established production technical specifications for 1645,<> cooperatives.
There is energy, there is hope
Returning to the hometown to promote revitalization
"It's the first time that college students have come to our cooperative for an internship!" Wu Xianguo, technical director of Xingguo Professional Cooperative in Kangping County, Shenyang City, said happily. Although he had a lot of exchanges with experts, he was overjoyed when the college students came to the door on their own.
In the summer of 2022, Sun Ye, a sophomore at Shenyang Agricultural University, will go to the peanut field at least once a week. Sun Ye recorded the scene of spraying foliar fertilizer in the field, interviewed Wu Xianguo's experience and technology in peanut planting, and photographed the varieties and packaging of peanut products in the e-commerce live broadcast room. These materials were collected and edited into a 5-minute short video, and the young and beautiful Sun Ye appeared on the camera to introduce and make an endorsement for his hometown products.
"Many new technologies, new media, we farmers are not easy to contact, Xiaosun Ye, who returned to his hometown to practice society, pushed our products to the Internet." Wu Xianguo said, "If agriculture and rural areas want to develop, college students are especially needed to return to the grassroots level, and they are the bridge between agriculture, farmers, colleges and universities, and professional knowledge." ”
"I speak for good products in my hometown, raspberries, also known as raspberries, are known as the king of fruits, with high nutritional value, strong adaptability, and good economic benefits..." In Xinli Village, Yangquan Town, Panshan County, Panjin City, Cao Zhihe, a junior student at Liaodong University, has participated in the special social practice activities of "Good Products in Hometown" for three consecutive years, and promotes good products in his hometown by recording videos, forwarding friends, and sharing on campus on campus.
"Founded in 2019, the 'Hometown Good Products' Social Practice Group of Eastern Liaoning University has nearly 15 students from 300 provinces including Liaoning, Anhui and Guangxi every year to speak for hometown agricultural products and improve their visibility and influence." Zhou Jinglei, dean of Liaodong University, introduced.
With the continuous extension and development of social practice, more and more college students have chosen to return to their hometowns to serve in recent years. Liang Ripeng, head of Wanying Agricultural Technology Service Company in Beisanjiazi Street, Kangping County, Shenyang, has moved from social practice to independent entrepreneurship and served rural farmers. Today, his managed planting services have been extended to 4 counties in Liaoning Province.
"We have 13 technologies, including seed treatment technology and conservation tillage technology, which can empower agricultural production in finance, equipment, training, branding, etc." Liang Ripeng said, "Taking corn cultivation in Kangping County as an example, the land served by trusteeship planting can harvest an average of 200 kilograms of corn per mu than farmers can grow themselves. ”
Liang Ripeng admits that the topic of his graduate thesis conservation tillage is based on the results of research in rural areas. Embarking on the road of independent entrepreneurship in rural agriculture also comes from the practice of rural society over the years.
Reporter Xin Yang and Hu Jingyi