Carry forward the fine traditions and lay a solid foundation for a good start
Use your research to research heirlooms
Recently, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee issued the "Work Plan for Investigation and Study in the Whole Party." The plan pointed out that in order to deeply study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and fully implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee decided to carry out investigation and research in the whole party as an important part of the theme education carried out in the whole party, and promote the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country to get off to a good start.
Investigation and research are the heirlooms of our party. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly stressed that the "family heirloom" of investigation and research should be used well, the "basic skill" of investigation and research should be done well, and the investigation should be carried out consistently.
How to deeply understand that investigation and research are the heirlooms of our party? In the first year of fully implementing the spirit of the 20th CPC National Congress, what is the significance of Daxing investigation and research? The reporter interviewed Liu Yiqiang, professor of the Central Party School (National Academy of Administration), Chen Fangliu, professor of the Party School of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, and Liu Mingwei, associate professor of the Party School of the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee.
Paying attention to investigation and study is our party's fine tradition and work style
Reporter: Why is research important? Why is it said that investigation and research are the heirlooms of our party?
Liu Yiqiang: Practicality is the distinctive feature that distinguishes Marxist theory from other theories. As an advanced Marxist political party, the CPC has always engaged in revolution, construction, and reform for the purpose of solving China's practical problems. To solve practical problems, it is not possible to carve a boat and seek a sword, it is not possible to build a car behind closed doors, and it is even more impossible to think wildly, and we must conduct comprehensive and in-depth investigation and study.
Paying attention to investigation and study is our party's fine tradition and work style. Comrade Mao Zedong attached great importance to investigation and study, and he spent a lot of time going deep into the workers, peasants, and Red Army soldiers to conduct investigations, and wrote such classic documents as "Opposition to Fundamentalism," "Investigation into Seeking Ukraine," "Report on the Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan Province," and "Analysis of All Classes in Chinese Society." In these works, Comrade Mao Zedong very clearly expounded the status and role of investigation and study from the perspective of integrating the basic tenets of Marxism with China's specific reality, and held that investigation and study are the central link in integrating theory with practice.
Regarding the importance of investigation and study, Comrade Mao Zedong put forward an important proposition in "Against Fundamentalism": "Without investigation, there is no right to speak," and the conclusion is: "The victory of China's revolutionary struggle depends on the Chinese comrades' understanding of China's situation." In the "Investigation of Rejuvenating the Country," Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: "The decision on actual policy must be based on specific conditions. What is imagined while sitting in a house, and what is written in a rough written report, is by no means a specific situation, and it is dangerous to base policy decisions on 'taken for granted' or unrealistic reports. ”
It can be seen from this that only by conducting in-depth investigation and study can we truly proceed from reality, integrate theory with practice, and seek truth from facts, truly maintain close ties between the party and the masses of the people, fundamentally ensure the correct formulation and implementation of the party's line, principles, policies, and various policy decisions, and ensure that we prevent and reduce mistakes as much as possible in our work.
Chen Fangliu: Looking back on the 100-year journey, we can find that the history of the development of the Communist Party of China itself is a history of continuous investigation and study to solve problems. Before our party promulgates important principles and policies and makes major policy decisions and arrangements, it will conduct in-depth investigation and study, understand and master first-hand materials. Attaching importance to investigation and study is an important heirloom for our party to do a good job in leading the various historical periods of revolution, construction, and reform.
In August 1941, the Party Central Committee issued two documents, the Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Investigation and Research and the Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Implementation of Investigation and Research, and established the Central Bureau of Investigation and Research, which was established as an important work system of the Party. In March 8, the CPC Central Committee issued a "Letter to All Central Bureaus and Party Committees of All Provinces, Municipalities and Districts on the Issue of Conscientiously Conducting Investigation Work," pointing out: "Proceeding from reality in everything, without investigation, there is no right to speak, and must become the primary criterion for the thinking and actions of all party cadres." "The style of investigation and study that has risen in the whole party has effectively promoted the unity of understanding within the party and promoted the development of a series of work.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has attached great importance to investigation and research work. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that investigation and research is the basis and way to achieve things, without investigation there is no right to speak, and without investigation there is no decision-making power; Correct decision-making is inseparable from investigation and research, and correct implementation is also inseparable from investigation and research; Investigation and research are the source of true insights and the basic skills for doing a good job; It is necessary to vigorously promote the style of investigation and study throughout the party. These important instructions have profoundly expounded the extreme importance of investigation and study, and provided a fundamental basis for the whole party to vigorously promote investigation and study and do a good job in all work.
The first of the eight central regulations is to improve investigation and study, and to go to the grassroots level to conduct investigation and study in depth the real situation
Reporter: After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core broke the problem from the eight regulations of the Central Committee and grasped the construction of work style under the above rates. And the first article of the eight central regulations is related to investigation and study, what is the meaning of this?
Chen Fangliu: Investigation and research are the foundation and the way to achieve things. General Secretary Xi Jinping has not only stressed the importance of investigation and research on different occasions on many occasions, but also always advocated and taken the lead in going deep into the grassroots to listen to the voices of the masses. General Secretary Xi Jinping's personal practice and personal action have set a shining example for the whole party to attach importance to research, conduct in-depth research, and be good at research.
During his work in Ningde, Fujian, he put forward the working method of "four grassroots units", that is, the grassroots level under the reception of letters and visits, the grassroots level under on-site office, the grassroots level under investigation and research, and the grassroots level under the publicity of the party's principles and policies. In field research, even in remote mountain villages that ordinary people rarely visit, he went to research and visit. In some places, the car could not get in, so he walked, and when he walked, he had to go in to understand the real living conditions of the masses.
During his tenure as secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, he traveled to 19 districts and counties in Shanghai that year, visiting various organizations and institutions such as neighborhoods, rural areas, enterprises, schools, and "two new" organizations, involving various fields such as the party, government, army, and regiment, education, science, culture, health and sports. In the investigation, not pompous, very grounded, work things are in the tone of discussion, discussion and communication with everyone, and the usual work is closely integrated, this way can not only hear the truth, see the truth, but also conducive to discovering problems and promoting work.
Liu Yiqiang: At the opening ceremony of the second batch of students enrolled in the fall semester of the Central Party School in 2011, Xi Jinping stressed that investigation and research is a basic skill for doing a good job in leadership work, and investigation and research ability is an integral part of the overall quality and ability of leading cadres. He also put forward requirements in three aspects: "Investigation and study is not only a working method, but also a major issue that has a bearing on the success or failure of the cause of the party and the people," "Study and master correct methods, strive to improve the level and results of investigation and research," and "Establish and improve systems to ensure the regularization of investigation and study."
The first of the eight central regulations promulgated after the 18th CPC National Congress clearly states that it is necessary to improve investigation and study; to conduct investigations at the grassroots level, it is necessary to have a deep understanding of the real situation, sum up experience, study problems, solve difficulties, guide work, learn from the masses and practice, hold more discussions with the masses, talk more with cadres, consult and discuss more, and dissect more typical examples.
Strengthening investigation and study is an important prerequisite for opposing formalism and bureaucratism and ensuring our party's scientific decision-making and correct leadership. Comrade Mao Zedong believed that in order to understand China's social problems and conduct in-depth investigation and study, we must first correct our attitude; "without downward interest and determination, we will never truly understand China's affairs in our lifetime." Only by promoting the style of investigation and study and truly going deep into reality to understand problems, and asking the people what they need and what they think about can we oppose and overcome formalism and bureaucracy and ensure the correct implementation of the party's line, principles, and policies in all localities, departments, and units.
Strengthening investigation and study is an important way to maintain close ties with the masses and practice the mass line. Our party comes from the people, takes root in the people, and serves the people, and once it is separated from the masses, it will lose its vitality. Without investigation and study of this bridge, party-member leading cadres and the masses of the people will not be able to communicate and maintain close ties. In the new era, to adhere to the people-centered approach and practice the mass line, party-member leading cadres must carry out in-depth and meticulous investigation and study, understand and grasp the real situation in all aspects of society, and have a clear idea when formulating policies, planning work, and solving problems.
To promote Chinese-style modernization, it is urgent to conduct investigation and study in the whole party to find ways and paths to solve problems
Reporter: In the first year of fully implementing the spirit of the 20th CPC National Congress, what is the significance of making Daxing investigation and research an important part of the thematic education carried out throughout the party?
Liu Yiqiang: The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China drew up a grand blueprint for comprehensively building a modern socialist country and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese-style modernization, and clarified the goals and tasks for the development of the cause of the Party and the country in the new era and new journey. Chinese-style modernization is a great cause unprecedented in history, an organic combination of modernization theory and China's national conditions, and the unity of the universality and particularity of contradictions. Our country's unique cultural traditions, unique historical destiny and unique basic national conditions determine that we can only take the road of modernization that suits our own actual conditions.
So, what are the rules for building a modern socialist country in an all-round way? What problems urgently need to be solved in the process of promoting Chinese-style modernization? These are all our party's "seeking truth" requirements under the new historical conditions, and it is necessary to carry out a great deal of investigation and study in depth.
"Yes" as a law, it is implicit in the interior of things, and it changes as things develop. Investigation and research as the basis of "seeking", is to go deep into contact with things, constantly increase their own perceptual understanding, only on the basis of a large number of rich perceptual understanding, in accordance with the requirements of removing the false and preserving the truth, to rough and refined, it is possible to rise to rational understanding, find out the "is" of things, and discover the regularity of things.
Therefore, party-member leading cadres should take the lead in conducting in-depth investigation and study, continuously deepen their understanding and grasp of the party's innovation theory, be good at using the party's innovation theory to study new situations, solve new problems, sum up new experiences, explore new laws, devote themselves to doing practical things, seek practical recruitment, and seek practical results, so that the investigation and research work can be closely integrated with the central work and decision-making needs, so as to better serve scientific decision-making, serve the improvement of the party's ruling ability and leadership level, and serve the mission and task of fulfilling the new era and new journey.
Liu Mingwei: In the first year of fully implementing the spirit of the 20th CPC National Congress, shortly after the successful conclusion of the National Two Sessions, the CPC Central Committee called for investigation and study in the whole party as an important part of the thematic education carried out in the whole party.
At present, China's development is facing new strategic opportunities, new strategic tasks, new strategic stages, new strategic requirements and new strategic environment. The world's unprecedented major changes in a century have accelerated its evolution, uncertain and unpredictable factors have increased, domestic reform, development and stability are facing many deep-seated contradictions that cannot be avoided or bypassed, and various risks, challenges and difficult problems are more severe and complex than before.
In the face of complex environments and arduous tasks, cadres' abilities must keep up. In his important speech at the opening ceremony of the training course for young and middle-aged cadres at the Central Party School (National Academy of Administration) in the fall semester of 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward requirements for cadres, especially young cadres, to improve the "seven abilities", and investigation and research ability is one of them. Young cadres should worship the people as their teachers and learn from the people, put down their shelves, pounce on themselves, be grounded in the ground, understand their feelings, carry out in-depth investigation and study, dissect sparrows, discover typical examples, truly discover the problems facing the masses, reflect the opinions of the masses, and sum up the experience created by the masses.
Investigation and research is a systematic project, and we must grasp the whole process well to ensure the effect and quality
Reporter: The "Work Plan for Investigation and Research in Daxing in the Whole Party" puts forward 12 aspects and six methods and steps for Daxing investigation and research.
Chen Fangliu: To carry out investigation and research to obtain the expected results, we must adhere to the correct ideological guidance, use the world view, methodology and positions and viewpoints and methods that run through Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and conduct in-depth analysis, full argumentation and scientific decision-making; We must persist in seeking truth from facts, adhere to the principles of the Party spirit, proceed from reality in everything, integrate theory with practice, listen to the truth, examine the facts, adhere to the truth, and correct mistakes. We must put effort into the process, pay attention to each step of the process, do it step by step, grasp link by link, and effectively grasp each link and process in place to ensure the final quality.
Liu Yiqiang: Carrying out investigation and research is a systematic project, and it is not enough to have good intentions, nor can we rely only on enthusiasm and drive. In the investigation and study of the whole party, it is necessary to follow the requirements of the "Work Program" and focus on the contents of the 12 aspects and the six methods and steps to grasp it in a down-to-earth manner.
In the process of research, it is necessary to have the "spirit of being willing to be a primary school student". Investigation and research is actually to do mass work, to correct attitudes, to have sincere feelings for the masses, and to solve problems for the people through investigation and research; Effective research methods should be adopted, such as holding investigation meetings, seminars, visiting surveys, squatting surveys, typical surveys, field visits, etc.; It is also necessary to adapt to the new situation of changes in economic and social development, make full use of the Internet, big data and other modern information technologies to carry out investigation and research, and improve scientific and practical results.
At the same time, it is necessary to guard against formalism and bureaucracy in investigation and research. You can't do it arbitrarily, just go to the grassroots level and walk casually, there are no survey subjects and no research results; You can't preconceive, set the conclusion and then go to the investigation and research to find proof or supplementary materials, only like to listen to words that agree with your own opinions, and do not want to listen to words that contradict your own opinions; Moreover, we should not use the name of investigation and research to go sightseeing and engage in greedy pleasure, increase the burden on the grassroots level, and waste state resources. Those who violate the relevant provisions on investigation and research should be promptly criticized and corrected, and dealt with seriously in accordance with rules and disciplines.
Liu Mingwei: Investigation and research is a "drudgery task", we must extract the essence and law of things, and find solutions to problems. The broad masses of party-member cadres should persistently carry forward the spirit of struggle, not be afraid of hardship and difficulties, study and master correct methods through in-depth investigation and study, strive to improve the level and results of investigation and study, truly increase their ability and ability, and make due contributions to comprehensively building a modern socialist country and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. (Website of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection Xue Peng)