Late on Sunday, President Emmanuel Macron said in a written statement to the AFP news agency that his hope is that on Monday the pension proposal will come to fruition on "its democratic journey".

Macron's government has long sought to rally support for raising the retirement age in France. The Senate voted on March 16 for the government's line but the National Assembly threatened to stop the proposal.

Pushed through

Then the government and Prime Minister Élisabeth Borne pulled the emergency brake and on Thursday triggered Section 49.3 of the Basic Law. It gives the Prime Minister the right to bypass members of the National Assembly and ensure that a law is passed no matter what they say.

The only option to stop the bill is to go forward with a no-confidence vote and try to bring down the entire government.

Two different motions of no confidence in the government and the prime minister have been submitted – one by the far-right National Rally party and the other from the left-wing alliance Nupes.

Absolute majority

The polls will take place on Monday. For a vote of no confidence to pass, an absolute majority is required.

If the proposal goes through, it means that the retirement age will be raised from the current 62 to 64 and that the number of years you need to work to get a full pension will be increased.

The government's decision last week to resort to section 49.3 to push through the proposal has sparked anger and after weeks of peaceful demonstrations, police on Saturday banned protests at a square near parliament in Paris over unrest.