At the beginning of the new year, the two sessions were held intensively in various places.
Recently, the 2023 government work reports of 31 provinces, regions and municipalities across the country have been released one after another, reviewing the work of each region in the past five years, and setting goals and tasks for 2023 and the next five years.
This year is the first year to fully implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is also a crucial year for the implementation of the "14th Five-Year Plan". It is of great significance to do a good job in various tasks of economic and social development.
Provincial-level local two sessions have clarified the direction for promoting high-quality development in various regions, stabilized expectations, boosted confidence, and pooled strength, sounding the horn of struggle for the new year.
Outstanding results are hard-won
Outstanding results are hard-won
In the past five years, facing various risks and challenges, China has gone through a very unusual and extraordinary journey.
During this period, all localities insisted on taking development as the top priority, and continued to reach new heights, achieving brilliant results.
In terms of economic aggregate, many places have achieved breakthroughs by leaps and bounds.
In 2022, the GDP of Guangdong Province will reach 12.9 trillion yuan.
The Guangdong provincial government work report pointed out that the province has surpassed three trillion yuan in five years, with an average annual growth rate of 5%, ranking first in the country for 34 consecutive years.
The GDP of Jiangsu Province has surpassed four trillion yuan in five years, with an average annual growth rate of 5.5%, and the per capita disposable income of residents has increased by 42.3% in five years.
In 2022, the GDP of Jiangsu Province will reach 12.29 trillion yuan, and the economic operation will continue to recover, stabilize and improve.
In the central region, the GDP of Henan Province has exceeded 6 trillion yuan; the GDP of Hubei Province has continuously exceeded two major steps of 4 trillion and 5 trillion in the past five years; the Hunan Provincial Government Work Report pointed out that the province has " The economic strength has achieved a historic leap”, and the GDP of the region has increased from 3.38 trillion yuan to 4.87 trillion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of 6.2%.
Sichuan Province, located in the southwestern region, is growing economically.
In the past five years, the average annual growth rate of regional GDP was 0.8 percentage points higher than that of the whole country, reaching 5.67 trillion yuan across two trillion yuan.
The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has also achieved very difficult and precious achievements in 2022.
In the second quarter and the first half of the year, the growth of regional GDP ranked first in the country, creating the best results in history, and the annual GDP exceeded 500 billion yuan.
Our reporter sorted out and found that "transformation" has become a key word in the five-year report cards of many provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.
The pace of industrial transformation in Shanxi Province is accelerating.
Over the past five years, a total of 8.8 billion yuan has been invested in technological transformation to promote the transformation of traditional advantageous industries. A large number of new products such as hand-sheared steel, third-generation semiconductors, and new energy vehicles have emerged. The growth rate of non-coal industry added value continues to be faster than coal. The added value of industrial strategic emerging industries and high-tech manufacturing increased by 11.6% and 11.7% respectively annually.
The adjustment of industrial structure in Hebei Province has been solidly advanced, and the supply-side structural reform has continued to deepen.
In the past five years, we have overfulfilled the capacity reduction tasks in six major industries, and the steel production capacity has been reduced from 239 million tons to more than 190 million tons.
The equipment manufacturing industry has grown into a trillion-level industry.
The number of national high-tech enterprises increased from 3,174 to 12,400, and the added value of high-tech industries increased by an average of 10% annually.
The work report of the Hainan Provincial Government pointed out that in the past five years, "new development concepts have taken root in the province, and the high-quality development of economic transformation has achieved remarkable results", and a new financial pattern of basically getting rid of real estate dependence, project traction and lengthening the industrial chain, and two-way opening is gradually taking shape Remarkable results have been achieved in terms of innovation, empowerment and high-quality development.
In the past five years, Anhui Province has achieved "significant achievements in the construction of a comprehensive green transition zone for economic and social development".
The average concentration of PM2.5 dropped from 54 μg/m3 to 34.9 μg/m3, the proportion of days with good air quality increased from 71.9% to 81.8%, and the proportion of water quality in national examination sections increased from 71.7% to 86.1%.
The reform of the forest chief system was the first in the country, and the ecological protection and compensation model of Xin'an River was promoted nationwide.
In terms of improving people's livelihood and well-being and improving people's quality of life, all regions have also achieved fruitful results.
The Beijing Municipal Government Work Report mentioned a series of data related to people's livelihood: the city's forest coverage rate reached 44.8%; a total of 16 new subway lines were opened; the 12345 citizen service hotline accumulatively accepted more than 100 million complaints from the masses, and the resolution rate and satisfaction rate increased respectively to 94% and 95%; the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens reached 88%; the construction and financing of 540,000 sets of policy housing... Behind each figure is the further improvement of the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security.
The work report of the Tianjin Municipal Government also mentioned that the city spends more than 70% of its financial expenditure on people's livelihood every year, and carefully organizes and implements 20 popular projects in successive years.
The employment quality of ordinary people has been steadily improved, living conditions are improving day by day, travel is more convenient, and the problem of "one old and one young" has been effectively alleviated.
Aiming at the goal and making steady progress
Aiming at the goal and making steady progress
Regarding the economic and social development in 2023 and the next five years, the government work reports of all localities emphasize the insistence on making progress while maintaining stability, and the announced main expected goals for economic and social development are exciting.
According to the statistics of this newspaper, 11 provinces and regions including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Henan, Gansu, Shanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, and Fujian have set the main expected goal of economic and social development in 2023 at a regional GDP growth of 6%. about.
Nine provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities including Chongqing, Xinjiang, Ningxia, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Hainan, Jiangxi, and Tibet have proposed a GDP growth of more than 6% in 2023.
Among them, the three provinces of Tibet, Jiangxi and Xinjiang have set their target growth rates at around 8%, 7% and 7% respectively.
Hainan Province has the highest expected target.
In 2023, the "critical year for promoting the closed operation of the free trade port", the province proposes that the regional GDP will increase by about 9.5%, the local general public budget revenue will increase by about 15%, and the investment in fixed assets will increase by about 12%. The total retail sales of social consumer goods increased by about 10%.
From these target data, it is not difficult to find that China's economy has strong resilience, great potential, and sufficient vitality. The effects of various policies continue to show, and the overall economic operation is expected to rebound in 2023.
Looking forward to the next five years, all localities are even more confident.
Hubei Province, Hunan Province, and Anhui Province have all proposed the goal of reaching 7 trillion yuan in economic aggregate; Sichuan Province has proposed an economic aggregate of more than 8 trillion yuan; It will reach 12 trillion yuan, the per capita GDP will reach 170,000 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of residents will reach 85,000 yuan.
The goal has been set, but we still need to work hard.
The work reports of local governments put forward key directions for steady growth in light of their own realities.
Efforts should be made to expand domestic demand, and many places have made it clear that the recovery and expansion of consumption will be given priority this year.
Shanghai proposes to deepen the construction of an international consumer center city; vigorously develop the first-time economy, night economy, and live broadcast economy, and accelerate the formation of a number of distinctive commercial landmarks; enrich red tourism, ancient town tourism, industrial tourism, cruise tourism, health care tourism and other consumption scenarios.
Shandong Province proposed to implement the "Shandong Consumption Boosting Year" action; promote the integration of online and offline to create a number of e-commerce industrial belts; hold the "Yellow River Fair" event to build the Yellow River cultural tourism consumer brand, etc.
Hainan Province proposes to take the recovery of tourism as the lead, and strive to increase the number of tourists and tourism revenue by 20% and 25% respectively, and the sales of duty-free shopping on outlying islands exceed 80 billion yuan.
In terms of actively expanding effective investment, Shaanxi Province has arranged 640 provincial-level key projects this year, with an annual planned investment of 480.4 billion yuan, and strives to increase investment in fixed assets by about 8%.
Liaoning Province proposed to focus on 15 major projects to plan and build a batch of high-quality projects that lay the foundation, benefit the long-term, make up for shortcomings, and adjust the structure; advance the layout of new infrastructure, and accelerate the construction of "dual gigabit" urban projects and charging facilities wait.
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region proposes to promote the improvement of industrial investment quality and quantity, "carry out the annual activities of manufacturing project construction, coordinate general public budget funds and government special bonds of more than 40 billion yuan to support industrial development, and strive to increase industrial investment by more than 20%".
Qinghai Province proposes to “adhere to government investment and policy incentives to effectively drive social investment”, and plans to focus on promoting more than 800 major projects with a total investment of 1.3 trillion yuan.
The province has planned key projects in railways, airports, highways, water conservancy, energy, etc., and proposed to "encourage more private capital to participate in the construction of major engineering projects, continuously stimulate investment vitality and potential, and better transform today's investment into future productivity and competitiveness".
Fully prepared for high-quality development
Fully prepared for high-quality development
High-quality development is the primary task of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
The Central Economic Work Conference held in December 2022 pointed out that "development must be high-quality development."
According to statistics from this newspaper, in the government work reports of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities this year, "high-quality development" was mentioned about 500 times.
Focusing on promoting high-quality development to achieve new results, all localities are fully prepared.
In terms of building a modern industrial system and accelerating innovation-driven development, Chongqing proposes to expand strategic emerging industries, implement the development plan for world-class intelligent networked new energy vehicle industry clusters, plan forward-looking future industries, and actively participate in the national future industry incubation and acceleration plan and other specific directions.
Gansu Province proposes to amplify the advantages of energy resources in 2023, build the first and second batch of large-scale wind power and photovoltaic bases in the country; cultivate and expand emerging industries, vigorously develop new energy, new materials, and advanced equipment manufacturing, build biomedical industry clusters, and promote digital measures for economic development.
Jiangxi Province proposed to speed up the construction of an important talent center and innovation highland in the central region; introduced policies to support the development of the digital economy, planned to build an advanced computing power center in Jiangxi, and built a digital transformation promotion center to promote digital, networked, and intelligent transformation of various industries; promote the introduction of Advanced Manufacturing Promotion Regulations, etc.
In order to stimulate market vitality and develop endogenous power through reforms, Heilongjiang Province proposed to implement a new round of reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises to further optimize the layout of state-owned capital; continue to optimize the business environment, promote digital government construction and optimize the business environment special action; deepen Reform of the fiscal and financial system, etc.
Shaanxi Province proposed to adhere to the coordinated efforts of "effective market" and "promising government", continue to optimize the business environment, accelerate the integrated reform of "one thing at a time", fully implement the management of the list of administrative licensing items, and promote the standardization and normalization of business start-up, Reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects, etc.
For the promotion of high-level opening up, Zhejiang Province requires "expanding the market, grabbing orders, and attracting foreign investment", doing everything possible to promote the steady growth of foreign trade, continuing to promote the "Zhejiang goods in the world", and meticulously organizing thousands of groups and enterprises to "go out" to expand the market and grab orders. Ensure that exports account for about 14.5% of the country's share.
At the same time, strengthen the service of attracting foreign investment, do a good job in attracting major foreign investment projects with extraordinary efforts and measures, and strive to actually use foreign capital to exceed 20 billion US dollars, and the proportion of foreign capital used in the manufacturing industry will exceed 27%.
Yunnan Province proposed to continue to expand the golden line effect of the China-Laos Railway.
Accelerate the development of 50 major projects along the China-Laos Railway, promote the organic connection between the "Lancang-Mekong Express Line" and the China-Europe Railway Express, Lancang-Mekong International Shipping, etc., timely launch cross-border passenger trains, and transport more than 10 million passengers and goods annually More than 13 million tons.
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region proposed to solidly promote the construction of the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, and accelerate the construction of the national China-Europe freight return cargo distribution center, the national multimodal transport demonstration base, and the national imported resource processing demonstration base.
Problem-oriented and practical solutions
Problem-oriented and practical solutions
Through the work reports of local governments, it can be clearly felt that all localities have always adhered to the principle of problem orientation, and have come up with targeted practical measures to make up for the shortcomings of people's livelihood, solve people's emergencies and worries, and resolve various risks and hidden dangers. .
For example, in response to the phenomenon of school district housing and "school choice craze" that the people are concerned about, Fujian Province proposed that this year it will implement projects to improve weak links in compulsory education and enhance capabilities, and add 50,000 public compulsory education degrees to promote high-quality balanced development and urban-rural integration. to alleviate such problems.
For another example, in response to hidden dangers in real estate, Guizhou Province proposed "one building, one policy" to resolve them by category, requiring that the special funds for guaranteeing the delivery of buildings should be used well, and the work of ensuring delivery of buildings, people's livelihood, and stability should be done solidly, so as to prevent real estate risks from spreading to the financial, financial, and financial institutions. Society and other areas of conduction.
Yunnan Province also requires to ensure the stable development of the real estate market, and proposes to support high-quality real estate companies to get out of trouble, and promote the smooth transition of the real estate industry to a new development model.
Implement policies according to the city to support rigid and improved housing needs, solve the housing problems of new citizens and young people, explore and cultivate the long-term rental housing market, and start construction of more than 50,000 affordable rental housing units.
In order to stabilize growth, employment, and prices, the Tibet Autonomous Region has proposed measures to improve tax and fee reductions, rent reductions, loan extensions, aid to enterprises to stabilize jobs, guarantee supply and prices, and poverty alleviation and assistance to improve social psychological expectations and boost development confidence.
In terms of employment, it is mentioned that we will continue to support farmers and herdsmen in construction enterprises to absorb employment, clarify the proportion of farmers and herdsmen in the places where government investment projects are located, and ensure that farmers and herdsmen have more channels to increase their income through employment.
It also proposes the implementation of training projects for 10,000 planting and breeding experts, technicians, construction workers, craftsmen, rural tour guides, and homestay owners.
In terms of further optimizing the business environment, many places also listed existing problems and proposed solutions.
Jilin Province requires greater support for the development and growth of the private economy, and continued efforts to help enterprises bail out and develop. It clearly pointed out in the government work report that "private enterprises and private entrepreneurs are our own people. We must resolutely show our attitude and be unambiguous , and truly put down the requirement of equal treatment of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises from the system and law." "Effectively solve the practical difficulties in capital, land, labor, market and other aspects, and help enterprises recover and rejuvenate." Shandong Province proposed to release private entrepreneurs "Lead in Command" Top 100 List.
Equally protect the property rights of private enterprises and the rights and interests of entrepreneurs in accordance with the law, prevent and resolve the problem of arrears of accounts to small and medium-sized enterprises, and improve the rescue mechanism for small, medium and micro enterprises.
Hunan Province proposes to persist in helping enterprises to bail out, and to "send policies, solve problems, and provide excellent services" in a normal and long-term manner, and continue to carry out special actions for "relief and efficiency enhancement" to solve corporate financing, energy use, and labor issues in a targeted manner.