Spring plowing preparations are busy, and grain production has started steadily (starting with firm confidence)

  "The beginning of spring is at the end of the year, and it is early to plan for farming."

  In the granary of the Central Plains, the spring management is busy.

In the wheat field of Houwangzhuang Village, Wangzhuang Town, Huaxian County, Anyang City, Henan Province, Chen Yipin, an agricultural technician, explained the techniques to the villagers: "Farming time waits for no one, fertilizer and water can keep up, prevent diseases and insect pests, and guarantee a good harvest."

  Spring is early in the southern country, and the soil paste is moist.

In Moqiao Village, Hongqi Town, Haikou City, Hainan Province, the rice planting "spring plowing song" was played, and the drone operation made the villager Deng Yuhui very busy. "The new technology of planting saves labor, costs and high efficiency!"

  Food security is the "biggest country".

The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to speed up the construction of a strong agricultural country.

General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that ensuring a stable and safe supply of food and important agricultural products is always the top priority of building a strong agricultural country.

  Firmly grasp the initiative of food security.

In 2022, my country's total grain output will be 1,373.06 billion catties, which has remained stable at more than 1.3 trillion catties for eight consecutive years.

In the face of the global food crisis, my country's grain production has achieved "nineteen consecutive harvests", and the Chinese people's jobs have become more secure.

This year, my country's grain production goals and tasks focus on "two stabilities, two expansions and two improvements", that is, stabilizing the area, stabilizing the output, expanding soybeans and oil crops, raising the single yield, and increasing the self-sufficiency rate.

  The plan for a year lies in spring.

Spring sowing grain production accounts for about 60% of the year, and spring management grain production accounts for nearly 40% of the main rations. Doing a good job in spring plowing and spring management is the key to ensuring the stable production and supply of grain and important agricultural products throughout the year.

All regions and departments are going all out to maintain a good momentum of stable and increasing grain production.

The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated that the current spring agricultural production is gradually expanding from south to north. The area of ​​winter wheat and winter rapeseed is increasing and growing normally.

  Looking at the vast fields, new cultivation has begun, and a new harvest is being bred.

Playing the "first move" well, agricultural production is full of energy

  General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that "the rice bowl of the Chinese people must be held firmly in their own hands at all times, and the rice bowl is mainly filled with Chinese food."

  2023 is the first year to fully implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

Play the "first move" well to ensure a stable start of grain production. All regions and departments plan early on the annual grain production and implement various safeguard measures.

  Spring plowing and preparation for farming, agricultural materials first.

  In the past few days, 5,795 tons of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers purchased by Heilongjiang Nongken Hongwei Farm have been transported to designated locations one after another.

"The quality is guaranteed, and it is delivered directly to the door, so you don't have to worry about it." Wang Libo, a grower, counted and planned the rice planting for the new year.

  In the busy season of spring plowing and preparation, the demand for seeds in various places continues to rise, and the seed production lines are running at full capacity.

Syngenta Group's Chinese seed processing enterprises keep a close eye on the market and grasp the progress, producing rice and corn seeds day and night, and selling the seeds one by one across the country by special trains and trucks.

  As the "grain" of food, fertilizers are of good quality and sufficient supply, which directly affect agricultural production.

Track and dispatch the supply and demand of agricultural materials, do a good job in cross-regional adjustments and transportation, and strengthen supply guarantees... Each region and department organizes the production, circulation, and supply of agricultural materials to ensure timely delivery from villages to stores to households.

  Spring plowing and spring management, service keep up.

  The Agricultural Technology Department of Suyu District, Suqian City, Jiangsu Province formed a technical team and went to the fields to provide technical guidance to farmers.

Zhao Jie, an agricultural technician from the District Agricultural Technology Extension Center, said that there are currently 430,000 mu of wheat in the field in Suyu District, and the seedlings are growing well. The first and second types of seedlings account for more than 92%, which has set up a "harvest shelf" for summer grain production.

  Entering villages and households to solve problems.

"How many acres of wheat have been planted this year?" "Is it convenient to water and spray pesticides?"... Every time Wang Pengju, Secretary of the Party Committee of Dabin Town, Yuanyang County, Henan Province visits, he writes down the needs of farmers for spring plowing and provides solutions in the shortest possible time .

"The town mobilizes party members and cadres, and large grain growers to form a spring plowing production service team to help the elderly and people out of poverty with spring plowing and spring management, so as to solve their worries about production."

  At present, winter wheat in the Southwest has entered the jointing period, the Jianghuai River is about to turn green, winter wheat in the north is still overwintering, and winter rapeseed in the Yangtze River Basin has gradually entered the budding and bolting period.

Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs organized experts to formulate and release technical opinions on wheat and rapeseed antifreeze and drought resistance to promote stable production, and launched a large-scale training on field management technology in spring; 11 expert guidance groups were sent to Hebei, Jiangxi and other major wheat and rapeseed producing areas to promote disaster prevention and mitigation And the key measures of field management in spring have been implemented, and we will go all out to strive for a bumper harvest of grain and oil in summer.

  Production demand, guaranteed in time.

  In the production workshop of China YTO Group Co., Ltd., the rumble of tractors running and debugging, the beeping of forklifts shuttle and transfer, and the roar of rapid operation of equipment are intertwined, playing a symphony of ensuring spring farming.

To speed up production and expedite shipment, China YTO has shipped more than 8,500 tractors to the whole country in January, which effectively guarantees the demand for spring plowing.

  "Agricultural Bank of China's 3 million loan is really timely. We have added tractors and rice transplanters, and everyone is more motivated!" Early in the morning, Peng Huihua, a large grain grower in Guanyinge Town, Boluo County, Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, brought more than 10 agricultural machine operators to operate The agricultural machinery came out of the field, plowed the land, and prepared to sow.

The relevant person in charge of the Agricultural Bank of China said that this year, it will strive to issue more than 160 billion yuan of loans for spring plowing preparations, which will fully meet the credit needs of spring plowing preparations in various places.

  Right now, there are sufficient seeds and fertilizers, and technology and services have reached the fields. "Big Iron Bull" and "Tian Nanny" are here to help... A picture scroll of people coming early in spring is slowly spreading on the fields of hope, in order to improve the stable supply of food , To maintain a stable price operation to lay a solid foundation.

From "farming the land" to "farming the land intelligently", the support of science and technology is strong

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the key to agricultural modernization lies in scientific and technological progress and innovation.

  Technology is the key to increase production and income.

On the front line of spring plowing and preparation, the engine of agricultural science and technology is full of kinetic energy, and good seeds and good opportunities are matched with good methods. The "golden pole" provides strong support for agricultural production.

  Aim for good seeds, and the fields breed good harvests.

  Screening, grading, coating, counting... In the workshop of Hebei Wotu Seed Industry Co., Ltd., three production lines are running at the same time.

Bags of fine corn seeds are intelligently packaged, palletized and moved to the finished product warehouse by robots, and then loaded on trucks and transported to all parts of the country.

  "These are all corn varieties independently cultivated by the company, such as 'Woyu 3' and 'Woyu 111', with a yield of about 900 kilograms per mu, with obvious advantages in comprehensive resistance, adaptability and stability." The person in charge of the company introduced that this year We will continue to strengthen investment in R&D and innovation, strengthen cooperation with scientific research institutions and key enterprises, and promote the efficient implementation of the "breeding and promoting" model.

  Grasp the leading varieties and polish the "chips" of agriculture.

At present, the coverage rate of improved varieties of crops in my country is above 96%, and the area of ​​self-selected varieties accounts for more than 95%.

From the central government to the local government, the formation of national seed industry enterprises has been accelerated, opening up the two ends of research and development and the market, and continuously gathering the core strength of the revitalization of the seed industry.

  This year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has launched a project to increase the yield per unit area of ​​major grain and oil crops with a focus on corn, demonstrating and promoting a number of high-yield, high-quality, high-density resistant varieties, and striving to significantly increase the yield per unit area of ​​major grain and oil crops, among which the yield per mu of corn demonstration fields has increased by more than 100 kg.

  With the help of a good opportunity, Chungeng ran out of acceleration.

  "Eat the beginning of spring rice, every day is warm every day. This year, there is a new 'artifact' for turning green and fertilizing!" said Hu Tuan, head of the Zhaojin Crop Planting Professional Cooperative in Ganyu District, Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province. In the past, it was inevitable to spread fertilizer with high-gap plant protection machines. Pressing the crops, the newly purchased agricultural drone this year has a fertilization function added to the ordinary model. It has high strength and stable operation. It can load 50 kg of fertilizer at a time. With the spiral flow channel spinner, the spreading is more uniform and smooth.

  "Simultaneous sowing of wheat and manure, at the end of last year, 480 acres of land were sown in 3 days." This year, Hu Tuan plans to purchase Beidou navigation self-driving tractors, and looks forward to the smart "Iron Bull" showing its talents in the fields.

  When the agricultural machinery sounds, there is no panic in farming.

At present, the comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvest in my country exceeds 72%, and the comprehensive mechanization rate of wheat, corn and rice exceeds 97%, 90% and 85% respectively; 240 horsepower continuously variable speed tractors, rapeseed transplanters, etc. The past short-board tools were successfully mass-produced.

Flying in the sky and running on the ground, more and more high-tech agricultural machinery and equipment are stationed in the fields, "skillful farming" has transformed into "smart farming", and the contribution rate to increasing grain production has significantly increased.

  Good law matching, good benefits for growing grain and harvesting.

  165.1 kg!

Last year, the yield per mu of soybeans planted in Yucheng City, Shandong Province set a record high.

In the whole country, the first large-scale promotion of soybean-corn strip composite planting has achieved gratifying results, which has promoted my country's soybean self-sufficiency rate to increase by 3 percentage points.

  "Last season, my family's 560 mu of land basically achieved 'no reduction in corn production, and soybeans are considered free'. The income per mu increased by about 300 yuan, and this year I will definitely continue to do it!" Xia was busy consulting the agricultural technicians, trying to get more "Golden Doudou" in the field.

  "Simultaneous sowing of corn and soybeans requires overcoming many technical difficulties." Li Chengqiang, deputy director of the Yucheng Agriculture and Rural Bureau, introduced that through close cooperation with agricultural colleges and universities, the expert team helped farmers break through the three roads of "selecting good seeds, expanding the spacing, and reducing the spacing between plants" Core technology off.

At the beginning of the new year, the city organized 13 scientific and technological service teams and 79 agricultural technicians to connect with large planters to ensure that technology can be directly transmitted to the field.

  As technology sinks, benefits rise.

Pan Wenbo, director of the planting management department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that this year, a number of high-yield and production-increasing technology models will be integrated and promoted, and support for soybean planting will be increased. Short board technologies such as applicable machinery in hilly and mountainous areas have made breakthroughs as soon as possible.

Hard measures have been implemented, and the foundation of production capacity has been solidified

  General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that the foundation of food security should be consolidated in all aspects.

  Spring returns to the earth, and the field management is busy.

In the wheat field of Chudian Village, Chucun Town, Mengcheng County, Anhui Province, a farmer drives a self-propelled wheat fertilizer applicator to apply green manure on the field. Two plant protection drones are spraying herbicides in the adjacent wheat field.

  "The area of ​​wheat planted this year is more than 1,300 mu, and the growth is better than last year. It is no problem to harvest 100 catties more per mu of land." said Chu Dianmin, head of Jinliyuan Family Farm in Mengcheng County. The increase in income is estimated to be 200,000 yuan." The wheat planting area in Mengcheng County is 1.9556 million mu, an increase of 17,600 mu over the previous year.

  Stable food production is the top priority, and the core is to stabilize the area and output, so as to ensure that the output can be produced and the supply can be supplied.

In 2023, my country will clearly launch a new round of action to increase grain production capacity of 100 billion catties, which will ensure that the grain area will remain stable at more than 1.77 billion mu and the grain output will continue to remain at more than 1.3 trillion catties.

  Improve the quality of cultivated land and stabilize the foundation of grain production capacity.

  On the ninth day of the Lunar New Year, in the high-standard farmland of Donglei Huahuang Irrigation Area in Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, Hu Jianke braved the cold wind to tidy up the ridges and prepare for spring irrigation.

"We have planted 9 mu of wheat this year, and we have watered it for winter irrigation, and added fertilizer for spring irrigation. The harvest will be harvested at the end of May, and the yield will definitely exceed last year." Hu Jianke said with a smile on his face, "After the transformation of cultivated land, the canals have become straight. Yes, watering an acre of wheat has saved a lot of water and labor costs. Irrigation is convenient and timely, and we are not afraid of a little drought!"

  Tian Chengfang, Lu Chengwang, Lin Chengxing, drought can be irrigated, flood can be discharged, after the implementation of high-standard farmland construction, the new atmosphere of farmland will bring good prospects for growing grain.

By the end of 2022, my country has achieved the cumulative construction target of 1 billion mu of high-standard farmland as scheduled. After completion, the average cultivated land quality of high-standard farmland can be improved by about one grade, and the average grain production capacity per mu can be increased by 10%-20%.

  This year, our country will continue to strengthen the construction of high-standard farmland, build 45 million mu and upgrade 35 million mu, so that "a thousand catties for one season and tons of grain for two seasons" will become a reality in more places.

  The policy of benefiting farmers reaches households, and grain and farmers are given "reassurance".

  Early in the morning, He Yongchao, a large farmer in Sanjiang Village, Sanjiang Town, Wangcang County, Sichuan Province, took the water pipeline to replenish water for the rapeseed in the field.

"It was a bit dry in the early stage, but thanks to the timely replenishment of water, it is growing well now. I will apply some herbicides in two days, and the production is expected to increase!"

  He Yongchao planted 10 mu of rapeseed last year, and expanded to more than 60 mu this year.

"If the support policy is good, we have enough confidence!" Wangcang County has implemented the pilot project of cultivated land rotation and fallow for many years, and provided rapeseed farmers in the project area with a subsidy of 150 yuan per mu.

"The purchase price of rapeseed has increased by 30 cents per kilogram this year, and the benefits are getting better and better." He Yongchao said.

  The guarantee mechanism for farmers' income from growing grain has been continuously improved.

In 2022, stabilize and improve policies such as subsidies for cultivated land fertility protection, subsidies for high-standard farmland construction, subsidies for the purchase and application of agricultural machinery, the minimum purchase price of rice and wheat, subsidies for corn and soybean producers, and rice subsidies, and expand the full cost insurance and income of the three major food crops In the scope of the insurance pilot program, a total of 40 billion yuan of one-time subsidies will be issued to actual grain farmers three times...effectively mobilizing the enthusiasm of grain farmers.

  This year, grain farmers will also reap the policy "big gift package": implement the minimum purchase price, producer subsidies; increase support for soybean planting, continue to implement the full coverage of wheat "one spray and three defense" subsidies, and allocate disease and pest control earlier Funds for the implementation of subsidies for concentrated seedling raising of early rice in southern China.

A few days ago, the central government issued an agricultural-related transfer payment of 211.5 billion yuan in advance in 2023 to encourage farmers to prepare for spring plowing so that farmers can grow grain.

  Be confident and be motivated.

From the Northeast Plain to the Jianghuai land, from the south of the Yangtze River to the Tianfu Granary, hundreds of millions of farmers have worked hard and sweated to promote spring agricultural production, so that the foundation of agriculture is more stable, and the rice bowl is more secure.

  (Reporters Zhu Jun, Chang Qin, Yu Jingxian, Li Xiaoqing, You Yi)

  (People's Daily)